Presentation on theme: "Due today: Biology EOC Review"— Presentation transcript:
1 Due today: Biology EOC Review 12-20. May 14, 2014Do Now: Talk to a partner and match the processes 1-4 with the trophic groups that carry out those processes…Due today: Biology EOC ReviewLesson: Go over answers to multiple choice, discuss hints for the short answer questions, & preview tomorrow’s homework.Homework for tomorrow: Do ALL of the Plant and Animal Interdependence packetTurn CO2 into glucoseTurn glucose into CO2Take in O2 and give off CO2Take in CO2 and give off O2Producers (1, 4)Primary Consumers (2,3)Secondary Consumers (2,3)Detritivores (2,3)
2 The diagram below shows some of the organisms that would be in a forest ecosystem. Tussock moths are native to the forest ecosystem. In the fall, tussock moths lay eggs on Douglas fir trees. In the spring, tussock moth larvae eat the needles of the Douglas fir trees.
3 Students used a greenhouse as a model of a forest ecosystem to predict the effects of air temperature changes on tussock moths in a forest.Describe two ways the greenhouse model may lead to unreliable predictions about the effects of air temperature changes on a moth population in a forest ecosystem.In your description, be sure to:Describe two differences that make a forest ecosystem more complex than the greenhouse.Describe how each of the differences could cause the students’ predictions about a moth population in a forest ecosystem to be unreliable.One way:The weather in the greenhouse is stable with no rain or snow.Another way:Other animals such as birds and frogs are not in a greenhouse.1 ptWeather conditions such as snow could kill larvae or tree branches and affect population growth.1 ptThe absence of predators can increase the population of moths and make observations unreliable.
4 1 meter square sample area Along a StreamPaige and Logan did a field study to learn about the distribution of plants near a stream. They found the high flow line (the highest level stream water reaches) to be 4 meters from the stream. Paige and Logan counted the number of plants at, below, and above the high flow line of the stream.Field Study Question: how does distance from the stream affect the number of plants growing there?High flow lineplant1 meter square sample areastream
5 Procedure:Go to the field study location when the stream is low. Record the location, data and time.Select a 1-meter square sample area two meters from the stream.Count the number of plants within the sample area. Record as Trial 1 for two meters.Repeat steps 2 and 3 in three different locations as Trials 2 through 4.Repeat steps 2 through 4 at distances of four and six meters from the stream.Calculate and record the average number of plants at each distance from the stream.How does this procedure illustrate the following criteria?Logical steps to do the field studyConditions to be compared (at least 3 conditions!)Data to be collectedMethod for collecting dataHow often (how many times) the data should be collected and recordedEnvironmental conditions to be recorded
6 What did Paige and Logan do to make the results of the field study valid? Choose a stream behind the schoolCollected field study data for four trialsConducted the field study during the afternoonCollected data at three distances from the streamReliability (more trials)Validity (more levels of controlled variable)The high flow line can move if the amount of water in a stream changes. Based on Paige and Logan’s results, what would happen to the plants if the high flow line moved farther from the stream?The number of plants four meters from the stream would decreaseThe mass of the plants two meters from the stream would increaseThe height of the plants six meters from the stream would decreaseThe reproduction rate of plants four meters from the stream would increasePaige and Logan counted a total of 480 plants in 12 square meters. What was the population density of these plants?40 plants per square meter480 plants per square meter492 plants per square meter5,760 plants per square meter480 plants/12 square meters = 40
7 Distance from the stream (m) Number of Plants (per 1 meter square) 16. How would a fish population affect the stream ecosystem?Fish would lower the water temperatureFish would produce oxygen from the waterFish would block sunlight, increasing plant growth.Fish would produce waste, providing nutrients to plants.A year after their field study, Paige and Logan collected new data and found an average of only 5 plants per square meter at locations two meters from the stream. Which could explain why the number of plants two meters from the stream decreased?The new data were collected later in the day.The topsoil had been washed away by a flood.A larger sample area was used to count plants.The animals that ate the plants had moved away.Distance from the stream (m)Number of Plants (per 1 meter square)Trial 1Trial 2Trial 3Trial 4Average2161819204 (high flow line)474950454865553525654
8 18. Why do frogs and fish in the stream have similar genes? Frogs and fish are made of molecules.Frogs and fish share a common ancestor.Frogs and fish get nutrients from the stream.Frogs and fish compete in the stream ecosystem.19. People often build homes near streams. Which action represents sustainable use of resources in the construction of new homes?Installing furnaces that burn fossil fuels.Installing refrigerators made in another country.Using materials from old buildings for new homes.Using wood from old-growth forests fro new homes.
9 Plan a field study to answer the question: Be sure your procedure includes:How does water depth affect the temperature of water in a stream?Logical steps to do the field studyConditions to be comparedData to be collectedMethod for collecting dataHow often the data should be collected and recordedEnvironmental conditions to be recorded.(detailed enough to repeat the study)(how many times you’ll collect data)(at least 3 conditions!)(How you will control your measurements to be consistent)Procedure:Record the temperature and weather conditions.Measure the depth of the stream.Place a thermometer on the surface of the streamRecord the temperature.Wait 5 minutes.Repeat 3-5 for trials 2 and 3, placing the thermometer at the same spot.Repeat 3-6 for half the depth of the stream and the full depth of the streamCalculate the average temperature for each depth.FABCED
10 Does this answer satisfy all the requirements? Procedure: Measure different depths of the stream (3ft, 5ft, 10ft).Collect data by checking the temperature of the different depths in the stream on 3 different days.Record data found in a chart.Compare data and make a conclusion tot tell how water depth affects the temperature of the water in the stream.Controlled variable?Conditions compared?Data collected?Record measurements?Observations are repeated?Record environ. conditions?Logical steps?TotalNONoneYES3 conditions (1)YEScheck temperature (2)YESRecord data found in a chart (3)YES3 different days (2)NONoneYESDetailed enough to be repeated51 point (max 2)
11 Does this answer satisfy all the requirements? Procedure: The water closest to the top is usually warmer than near the bottom of the stream. In that case, you’d find the temperature of the water at the top then at the bottom of the stream. The time of year when being measured would also matter. It would be colder in the winter than in the summer, meaning you should check every season. You’d have to use an accurate thermometer. If it’s raining, the water will be colder than it would be if it was sunny, would would play a role in the scenario.Controlled variable?Conditions compared?Data collected?Record measurements?Observations are repeated?Record environ. conditions?Logical steps?TotalNONONONONONONO0 point (max 2)
12 Homework for 5.15.14: Plant and Animal Interdependence packet