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Fundamentals of Web Design History of the Internet and the WWW.

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Presentation on theme: "Fundamentals of Web Design History of the Internet and the WWW."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fundamentals of Web Design History of the Internet and the WWW

2 What is A Web Site? _________________________________ Web Pages can be created in any number of ways: – HTML – XHTML – Dreamweaver – WordPress – Joomla

3 The Internet vs. The World Wide Web When did the Internet begin? – ________________ Who developed the Internet? – ______________________________________ – Originally called ARPA (Advanced Research Project Agency) Why was it created? – ______________________________________________ ______________________________________ What organization used it first? – The National Science Foundation (NSF) introduced it to _________________________________________

4 Internet Questions What is the Internet? – _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _____ – Basically it is ______________________ What year do you think began? – __________________________ – Before the first web pages were created!

5 What is WWW? World Wide Web Began in _______________ Created by _________________________ – He, along with his research team of scientists in Sweden, completed it in – _________________________________________ _________________________________________ ______ A piece of ___________________that runs on the Internet that allows users to share files.

6 First HTML Page

7 Before HTML Information was exchange in two ways: – ASCII Files: _________________________________________________ _________________________________ shared text only, but with no formatting options except line returns and tabs. Advantage: _____________________________ – Binary Files: 0’s and 1’s ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ___ Disadvantage: there used to be over 400 different word processing software packages available.

8 HTML HyperText Markup Language – Hyper = ______________________ – Text = ____________________________________ – Markup = _____________________________________ _ Hello ---- bolds text The greater/less than signs are called _________ – Language = _______________________________ Learn the codes before using any editor software – it will be well worth your time!

9 Requests From the Server URL – ______________________________________ – The request 1.HTTP:// – ______________________________________ Saying you’d like a Web page Domain Name asking you what type of information you’d like –WWW.MICROSOFT.COMWWW.MICROSOFT.COM 2.FTP:// – __________________________________ Saying you’d like to download something 3.MAILTO:// – _______________________________ Saying you’d like to someone

10 Domain Names.com = _________________________(microsoft.com).gov = __________________________(cia.gov).edu = __________________________(cornell.edu).mil = ___________________________(army.mil).net = ___________________________(internic.net).org = ________________________________________________ __________________________________(santafecares.org ) Country Codes: – jp = Japanca = Canadade = Germany – ru = Russiaus = United Statesau = Australia

11 Interesting Facts 1. Web Browser ________________________________ __________ 2.MOSAIC The Internet exploded into the mainstream with the release of the first popular web browser Mosaic in ____________. 1 st browser that allowed for __________________to be viewed on the Web page

12 Interesting Facts 3. MOZILLA FIREFOX _____________________________________ ___________ 4.NETSCAPE Developed in _________________ Huge browser which allows for a large influence on HTML code Is the only browser that has to be purchased!

13 Interesting Facts 5. W3C – ____________________________________ – Developed in _____________________ – _____________________________________ ________________________________ – President: Tim Berners-Lee He never trademarked or copyrighted his Internet invention, he called it “His Gift to the World”. He says it’s the biggest mistake he’s ever made! – Latest version of HTML is 5 … brand new!

14 5.08 Compliant – User Accessibility ___________________________________ ___________________________________ _______________ A large percentage of users are disabled, visually, motor skills, or other handicaps Don’t use and tags – voices can’t speak in italics Use and instead Key alternate text (yellow boxes)

15 Go to and check to see if your web site is 5.08 compliant!http://validator.w3.org/ … Web Accessibility Evaluation Tool

16 The First Message The first message ever to be transmitted was LOG.. why? The user had attempted to type LOGIN, but ______________________________ _______

17 Emoticons The first emoticon is commonly credited ___________________ _______ in ___________, as there was a need to identify “sarcasim” in posts :-). He also created :-( to indicate a serious post … this now means sad or frustrated.

18 First Web Cam The first webcam was deployed at _________________________________ ___________________________– its sole purpose to monitor a particular coffee maker and hence avoid wasted trips to an empty pot.

19 Amazon According to legend, Amazon became the ____________________________ __________ because in the days before the invention of the search giant Google, ____________________would list the sites in their directory alphabetically

20 Ad Banners The first ever banner ad invaded the Internet in ________, and it was just as bad as today. The ad was part of AT&Ts “you will” campaign, and was placed on the HotWired homepage.

21 YouTube _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ The first ever YouTube video was uploaded on _____________________________ ___, by Jawed Karim (one of the founders of the site) and was 18 seconds long, entitled “Me at the zoo”.

22 First YouTube Video


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