Presentation on theme: "Fundamentals of Web Design History of the Internet and the WWW."— Presentation transcript:
Fundamentals of Web Design History of the Internet and the WWW
What is A Web Site? _________________________________ Web Pages can be created in any number of ways: – HTML – XHTML – Dreamweaver – WordPress – Joomla
The Internet vs. The World Wide Web When did the Internet begin? – ________________ Who developed the Internet? – ______________________________________ – Originally called ARPA (Advanced Research Project Agency) Why was it created? – ______________________________________________ ______________________________________ What organization used it first? – The National Science Foundation (NSF) introduced it to _________________________________________ http://history.nasa.gov/sputnik www.nasa.gov/externalflash/SpaceAge
Internet Questions What is the Internet? – _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _____ – Basically it is ______________________ What year do you think email began? – __________________________ – Before the first web pages were created!
What is WWW? World Wide Web Began in _______________ Created by _________________________ – He, along with his research team of scientists in Sweden, completed it in 1989. – _________________________________________ _________________________________________ ______ A piece of ___________________that runs on the Internet that allows users to share files.
Before HTML Information was exchange in two ways: – ASCII Files: _________________________________________________ _________________________________ shared text only, but with no formatting options except line returns and tabs. Advantage: _____________________________ – Binary Files: 0’s and 1’s ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ___ Disadvantage: there used to be over 400 different word processing software packages available.
HTML HyperText Markup Language – Hyper = ______________________ – Text = ____________________________________ – Markup = _____________________________________ _ Hello ---- bolds text The greater/less than signs are called _________ – Language = _______________________________ Learn the codes before using any editor software – it will be well worth your time!
Requests From the Server URL – ______________________________________ – The request 1.HTTP:// – ______________________________________ Saying you’d like a Web page Domain Name asking you what type of information you’d like –WWW.MICROSOFT.COMWWW.MICROSOFT.COM 2.FTP:// – __________________________________ Saying you’d like to download something 3.MAILTO:// – _______________________________ Saying you’d like to email someone
Interesting Facts 1. Web Browser ________________________________ __________ 2.MOSAIC The Internet exploded into the mainstream with the release of the first popular web browser Mosaic in ____________. 1 st browser that allowed for __________________to be viewed on the Web page
Interesting Facts 3. MOZILLA FIREFOX _____________________________________ ___________ 4.NETSCAPE Developed in _________________ Huge browser which allows for a large influence on HTML code Is the only browser that has to be purchased!
Interesting Facts 5. W3C – ____________________________________ – Developed in _____________________ – _____________________________________ ________________________________ – President: Tim Berners-Lee He never trademarked or copyrighted his Internet invention, he called it “His Gift to the World”. He says it’s the biggest mistake he’s ever made! – Latest version of HTML is 5 … brand new!
5.08 Compliant – User Accessibility ___________________________________ ___________________________________ _______________ A large percentage of users are disabled, visually, motor skills, or other handicaps Don’t use and tags – voices can’t speak in italics Use and instead Key alternate text (yellow boxes)
Go to http://validator.w3.org/ and check to see if your web site is 5.08 compliant!http://validator.w3.org/ http://wave.webaim.org/ … Web Accessibility Evaluation Tool http://wave.webaim.org/
The First Message The first message ever to be transmitted was LOG.. why? The user had attempted to type LOGIN, but ______________________________ _______
Emoticons The first emoticon is commonly credited ___________________ _______ in ___________, as there was a need to identify “sarcasim” in posts :-). He also created :-( to indicate a serious post … this now means sad or frustrated.
First Web Cam The first webcam was deployed at _________________________________ ___________________________– its sole purpose to monitor a particular coffee maker and hence avoid wasted trips to an empty pot.
Amazon According to legend, Amazon became the ____________________________ __________ because in the days before the invention of the search giant Google, ____________________would list the sites in their directory alphabetically
Ad Banners The first ever banner ad invaded the Internet in ________, and it was just as bad as today. The ad was part of AT&Ts “you will” campaign, and was placed on the HotWired homepage. http://www.wired.com/video
YouTube _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ The first ever YouTube video was uploaded on _____________________________ ___, by Jawed Karim (one of the founders of the site) and was 18 seconds long, entitled “Me at the zoo”.
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