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Grade 8 Arts. Just like there are elements of art, there are also elements of music. They are: Dynamics Rhythm Pitch Timbre Texture Elements of Music.

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Presentation on theme: "Grade 8 Arts. Just like there are elements of art, there are also elements of music. They are: Dynamics Rhythm Pitch Timbre Texture Elements of Music."— Presentation transcript:

1 Grade 8 Arts

2 Just like there are elements of art, there are also elements of music. They are: Dynamics Rhythm Pitch Timbre Texture Elements of Music

3 Dynamics describe the degree of loudness or softness of sounds in relationship to what effect or mood is being communicated. Loud: Carmina Burana: O Fortuna - Ode to Joy - Soft: Moonlight Sonata - Crescendo: Bolero - Curse of the Black Pearl Soundtrack - Dynamics

4 Rhythm can be separated into four categories: Beat -- the regular, repeated pulsation in music Tempo -- the speed or pace of the music Fast: William Tell Overture (Finale) - Slow: Pachelbel’s Canon in D - Rhythm

5 Patterns of duration -- groupings of longer and shorter sounds and silences (the term rhythm is sometimes used in this context as well) Metre -- the grouping of beats into recurring patterns (twos, threes, fours, fives). 3/3 Time: Moonlight Sonata - MT5zeY6CU MT5zeY6CU 4/4 Time: Drum Beat - Rhythm

6 Pitch describes the highness or lowness of sounds. A melody is a combination of pitches and durations that make a musical statement similar to a sentence. Melodies may consist of one or more smaller sections (phrases) similar to clauses in a sentence. Pitch direction describes the movement of pitch patterns or melodies, which may move upward, downward or stay the same. Pitch

7 High: Queen of the Night Aria - The Fifth Element - Range: Hallelujah Chorus -\\ Range/Mood: Disney Compilation - Pitch Examples

8 Timbre describes the quality or "colour" of sound. Timbre is determined by those characteristics of sound that help us distinguish one sound from another. Sweet Child O’ Mine - Acoustic - Sweet Child O’ Mine Flute - Orchestra - School Band – (go to 1:42) - Timbre

9 Twang Country - Blues - Bluegrass - Rockabilly - Bebop and Swing Guitar - Disco Guitar - Spanish Guitar - Timbre Examples

10 Texture is the combination and layering of different sounds in music. Composers create various textures by combining sounds, instruments or voices to achieve expressive effects. The texture may be thick, thin, dense or transparent. Harmony is one aspect of texture. Harmony occurs when two or more sounds are heard simultaneously. Texture

11 Harmony Singers: Orchestra: Dubstep: (first 4.5 minutes) Texture

12 The elements of art are combined together using certain principles in order to create music. Those principles are: Variety Repetition Balance Acoustics Transition Tension and Resolution Unity Principles of Composition

13 A musician or composer uses variety within a musical composition to create interest. Variety is created by using or altering different elements in numerous ways. Variety is often created through the use of contrast, such as loud to soft dynamics, harsh to smooth timbres, and thick to thin textures. A composer might, for example, repeat a previously heard melody twice as fast (tempo change) or in a different key (tonality change). Variety

14 Musicians and composers use repetition to help the listener become familiar with the major ideas or themes of a musical work. The restatement of a particular melody, theme or rhythm often draws the audience back to an idea or thought that the musician or composer wants to communicate. Repetition also serves to unify many compositions and draw attention to ideas that are central to the work, just as repetition does in poetry. Rap Beats: Repetition

15 Balance in music traditionally has referred to the relative volume of various sounds. It can also pertain to the equalization of other elements. For instance, a musician can try to balance timbres through instrument selection in order to maintain a desired sound or effect. Balance could also refer to similarities of style or duration in the A sections of a composition in ABA form. A lack of balance can also be used to create a desired effect. A very loud sound in a quiet section might redirect the listener’s attention or introduce a different theme or melody. Balance

16 Acoustics pertain to the properties or qualities of sound transmission in a space. This includes the way places such as meeting halls, classrooms or an outdoor field reinforce, absorb and reflect sound. Students can explore the many ways acoustics can be changed. For example, a student could play a drum in an empty closet and then again when it is full of clothing. The acoustics of a space can also alter the timbre of a sound by reinforcing or absorbing certain parts (frequencies) of the sound. A musician or composer might create a piece of music for a particular space such as a specific church, or a general space such as “outdoors”. Acoustics

17 Transition in music typically involves the connection of ideas or "bridging" of one part of the music to another. Transitional material might foreshadow upcoming material or include a change of tonality from major to minor. Transitions might be subtle and difficult to notice initially or very prominent in order to attract attention. Transition

18 Tension can be created in music through the use of many different elements. For example, a building of dynamics, a rising of a melodic line, or the use of more dissonant harmony could all lead to an increase in tension. Resolution is a common occurrence after the building of tension. This involves the manipulation of the elements to create a sense of release or relaxation. Resolution might be created by a change in dynamics, a change in height of melody, or movement from dissonant to consonant harmony. In many forms of music, tension builds to a climatic peak and is followed by a brief concluding resolution to finish the work. Tension and Resolution

19 Unity is achieved when all the parts of a composition work together to make a whole. The elements, ideas and principles are combined in such a way that all are essential to the product. Alteration of any part of the creation changes the effect. Form refers to the organizational structure of the music, or how the musical ideas are arranged. The form is usually described using letters. For example, AB form describes a composition with two contrasting sections; ABA form has two contrasting sections and the first section is repeated to conclude the work. Unity

20 300 Violin Orchestra Duelling Cellos Trans Siberian Orchestra Honeywagon Original Examples

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