Dolphins in an aquarium will repeat behaviors, such as jumping and spinning, that prompt trainers to toss them a fish. What type of learning(as in a type of conditioning) are these dolphins demonstrating?
The more often Matthew is scolded following a temper tantrum, the more frequently he loses his temper. In this case, the scolding is what kind of reinforcement or punishment for Matthew’s temper tantrums?
An executive in a computer software firm works with his office door closed. At the same time every hour he opens the door to see what his employees are doing. The employees have learned to work especially hard during the five minutes before and while the door is open. Their work pattern is typical of responses that are reinforced on what kind of schedule?
Researchers condition a flatworm to contract its body to a light by repeatedly pairing the light with electric shock. What is the stage in which the flatworm’s contraction response to light is established and gradually strengthened?
Monica’s psychotherapist reminds her so much of her own father that she has many of the same mixed emotional reactions to him that she has to her own dad. Her reactions to her therapist best illustrate the importance of what classical conditioning phenomenon?
In the book, Brave New World, infants develop a fear of books after books are repeatedly presented with a loud noise. In this fictional example, the loud noise is which of the four elements of classical conditioning?
The last time you came home after your curfew, your parents grounded you for the next two weekends. Ever since then, you’ve been careful to come home on time. What type of conditioning explains your behavior?
On Monday, Johnny’s mom gave him cookies and milk after he had played quietly for 10 minutes. On Tuesday, she required 20 minutes of quiet play before treat time, and on Wednesday, the cookies were given only after a full hour of quiet play. Johnny was taught to play quietly for extended periods of time through what technique?