Presentation on theme: "Improvisation. IMPROVISE - To ad-lib, or invent dialogue and actions without a script or rehearsal IMPROVISATION – a spontaneous style of theatre using."— Presentation transcript:
IMPROVISE - To ad-lib, or invent dialogue and actions without a script or rehearsal IMPROVISATION – a spontaneous style of theatre using unrehearsed and unscripted acting scenes
Purpose of Improvisation Actors bring imagined circumstances (dramatic or comedic) to life through action and dialogue.
Goals in Improvisation LISTENING – an actor must listen to the other actors carefully so s/he can respond appropriately to what is being said. CLEAR AND UNDERSTANDABLE – the improv should make sense to audience. Randomness is confusing, not funny.
Point of View The way we think, feel or act is our point of view Determined by – who we are and where we are in our lives – Our needs and desires In portraying a character, use appropriate dialogue and actions that reflect his/her point of view
Parts of an Improvisation BEGINNING – Introduce the characters, establish the setting of the scene/situation, and set up the conflict Conflict - an obstacle the character must overcome, often a struggle between opposing forces MIDDLE – Problem becomes more complicated – Each character establishes what s/he wants or needs END – Solve the problem and conclude the scene
STATE THE OBVIOUS There is NO SCRIPT or set. Everything is spontaneous and imagined. You must tell and show the audience EVERYTHING so they will understand. If a character wants something s/he must SAY IT OUT LOUD. If the characters are in a specific location they must SAY IT OUT LOUD and use actions that make the audience believe in that location.
Guidelines for Improvisation All members of an improv group must use the same guidelines for preparation and performance to be successful.
#1 Before the scene begins – Decide who you are, what you want and what your relationship is to the other characters
#2 Communicate your chosen character to the audience Before beginning, make the necessary changes to your voice and body – The goal is to MATCH YOUR VOICE AND BODY TO THE CHARACTER you’ve created
#3 Do not BREAK CHARACTER – Breaking character – losing concentration or getting out of character. Using dialogue or behavior inconsistent with the part you are playing. (laughing at self/others, forgetting an accent, etc) The goal of the improv is to be clear and understandable, so you must be consistent in your choices so that it is believable for the audience.
#4 Loud and proud! Begin the scene with enthusiasm and confidence. If everyone is shy and timid and refuses to start the scene will go no where. Do your part and JUMP IN!
#5 Participate in the conversation. No one can speak for your character but you. You must be actively trying to participate or you will blend into the set.
#6 PAY ATTENTION! Listen carefully to what is being said and what is happening so that you can respond appropriately. To help stage fright – focus on the dialogue, on solving the problem, so that you can forget about the audience. Good actors worry about the work, not the applause.
#7 Keep the dialogue moving. Long periods of silence, unless filled with CLEAR and UNDERSTANDABLE actions, are boring. Do not do all the talking—try to involve the other members of your team.
#8 Avoid dead-end words and phrases; this is called blocking “No,” “Okay, “Well?”, and “So?” will stop the dialogue Disagreeing with your partner – “That’s not right.” “No, she’s not.” Refusing to answer a question
#9 Avoid yes or no questions Ask open ended questions so that your partner can give an explanation
#10 Look for an ending! When the natural ending occurs, END IT. The end might not be your idea, you have to go with the flow.
ACTIVITY #1 Find a response Individual activity You will have 30 seconds to write a response to one of the following lines. You may be asked to share with the class. Be realistic for the situation and creative in your response Lines – “I can’t believe you’re late to my class again.” – “You didn’t pass the test.” – “Why is your homework late?”
ACTIVITY #2 Get a Plan Table activity Class lists ideas for improv scenes on the board. Table plans the beginning, middle and end of 3 of the suggested scenes – How can you make the conflict interesting? Report to the class
ACTIVITY #3 Small groups Each group gets a comic strip. Group thinks of things that COULD have happened BEFORE the comic strip began. Plan and perform an improv based on the situation you’ve created
Activity #4 Dead Ends and Quick Starters Small groups Make a list (10) of words or phrases that dead end everyday conversations Make a list of words (10) or phrases that would encourage (or start) conversation Plan a scene in which 5 of your dead-end phrases are used. Then re-plan the scene using 5 of the quick starters.
Activity #5 Acting from Life Small groups List 6 real-life situations that would make good scenes. Plan your favorite and turn in the rest.
Activity #6 Different Points of View Small group Group chooses one of the listed scenes from the board. Each member gets a character from that scene. Scene begins with students acting in character, trying to get what s/he wants in the situation. Teacher calls out FREEZE and action/dialogue stops. Group members exchange characters and pick up where that character left off.