2Warm-UpFighting the urge to crawl under her desk, Adriana looked at the clock, there was still a half hour left of class, more than enough time to do her poorly prepared, ten-minute speech. A. clock there B. clock; there C. clock, so there
3After Reading:Did you change your mind about the punishment?Stand up (pro-caning)/ Sit down (anti- caning)
4Fay Controversy: Evidence What did you find?Empirical (direct observation or study):“Americans need to remember that this country was also founded by dissidents.”
5Fay Controversy: Evidence What did you find?2. Logical:“The crime rate in Singapore went from 223 per 10,000 residents to 175 per 10,000 residents last year.”“The cars were not permanently damaged; the paint was removed with thinner. Caning leaves permanent scars.”
6Fay Controversy: Evidence What did you find?3. Anecdotal:“Last year, Woon and his family were robbed at gunpoint at a bus stop near Disney World.”
7Objectives: Analyze the use of rhetorical appeals in argument Apply the use of rhetorical appeals in your own argument
8Logos = Logic Appeal to the mind/intellect Draw from philosophy and logicFacts, StatisticsIf, then… statementsDefinitions of termsExplanation of ideasCause and effect
9Pathos: Appeal to the heart/emotion Personal anecdotes or storiesImagery and figurative language that provokes an emotional responseVisual images or words that inspire you to empathize or have compassion towards the idea/topic
10Ethos: establishment of a writer’s authority and believability Appeal to the writer’s/speaker’s believability, qualifications, character; relevant biographical informationUse of credible sources (experts, scholars)Accurate citation of sources: gives credit where credit is dueExperience and authority: person knows the issues and has experience in the fieldAppropriate language and tone
11Discuss with your partner In advertising, which type of appeal do you see most often?
12Hint: Not all of them use just ONE appeal! Pop Quiz!ReviewHint: Not all of them use just ONE appeal!Stand up to move to corners of the room to prove knowledge
16On Surrender at Bear Mountain (150) With your partner, read Chief Joseph’s speech. Then answer the two questions in your Springboard.What rhetorical device is being used? Highlight evidence.What is the tone of the speech?(with partner) 1. Pathos 2. sad, defeated
17School’s Out for Summer (157) by Anna Quindlen Let’s look at an argumentative text.Annotate for appeals in her argument.Are you convinced?
18Elements of Argument and Appeals What is Quindlen’s claim?Cite evidence that Quindlen uses to support her claim.What appeals and types of evidence are used to convince the reader?Handout? (half sheet?)
19Practice persuasive skills in preparation for EA2: Argument Your community recreation center could sponsor free lunches for children and teenagers during the summer but does not currently do so. Using the appeals of logos, ethos, and pathos, convince the director to sponsor free lunches.Trade and highlight each element in your partner’s writing.
20Susan B. Anthony (152) Do you know anything about her? About the AuthorWhy was she arrested?
21Susan B. Anthony: Women’s Right to Vote This needs to be read out loud! Read this out loud with your partner in your best Susan B. Anthony voice!: audio