Presentation on theme: "Ray Norris, Jamie Stevens, et al. Deep CABB observations of ECDFS ( Extended Chandra Deep Field South )"— Presentation transcript:
Ray Norris, Jamie Stevens, et al. Deep CABB observations of ECDFS ( Extended Chandra Deep Field South )
Goals of the Observations: 1. Commissioning Are there weak artefacts visible only in a deep image? –Spike at phase centre –Stripes from internal interference –Closure errors causing calibration problems Will we be able to get to the thermal noise limit? –Could be limited by artefacts Need to observe a field free from strong sources
Goals of the Observations: 2. Astrophysics Observations part of scheduled ATLAS project C2028 for deep 6 cm observations of ECDFS –ECDFS has the deepest optical, infrared and X-Ray imaging available anywhere (and more to come with Herschel etc) –Goal: 8 µJy rms - the widest 6cm survey of this sensitivity. Try to solve link between AGN and starbursts in the faint radio population. E.g. –Measure spectral indices –probe weak GPS (“baby radio-loud AGN”) –Look at morphology of AGNS buried inside SF galaxies
A puzzle S442 & S443 are two interacting star-forming galaxies at z=0.076 (both detected with Chandra) C473 & C476 were previously identified as two SF galaxies. We think they are two lobes of a radio-loud AGN (P=3.4 × 10 23 W/Hz). These are almost always associated with elliptical galaxies. BUT the source between them (z=0.214) is a Sab galaxy! What gives? 20cm ATCA contours (rms ~ 20 µJy) overlaid on 3.6µm Spitzer image. Project C1950 (Mao et al.) observed this source at 6 cm to measure α, but failed to detect the source, possibly because of the 6 km configuration they used. Can we go deeper and measure α?
Observations ECDFS observed by Jamie Stevens on 19 April for ~7 h After removing bad data (source setting), calibration, etc, get ~ 4.1h on-source. Calibrator – before editing ECDFS – after editing Calibration above 6.2 GHz unreliable Some channels missing due to bad correlator boards Some interference spikes Otherwise looks good
First pass of imaging: simply add the 2 GHz bandwidth together and process using Miriad First image using mfs, mfclean, but no selfcal. Rms=21µJy. Theoretical rms ~14µJy. No visible artefacts, even at phase centre.
Rms=16µJy. Theoretical rms ~14µJy. Selfcal has reduced the rms, but has introduced some calibration artefacts, presumably because of differing spectral indices. But still no artefact at phase centre. As before, but using (phase) selfcal
This source previously undetected with 6cm 6km array. Now 1mJy of flux visible on H168 array. S(20cm) = 5.1mJy so α=-1.2 DEFINITELY AN AGN!!! 20cm contours (6km array) overlaid on 6cm greyscale (H168 array).
Conclusions Even with channels missing etc, CABB is b****y fantastic! In 4h, we got deeper (16µJy) than we could have got in 12h (20µJy) using the old correlator. Science result: we detected a 6cm source confirming a Radio-loud AGN buried inside an Sab galaxy (almost unknown in the local Universe). No obvious artefacts other than the known interference spikes. Using a brute-force analysis method gets close to the thermal noise limit in this field which is dominated by faint sources (possibly with a fairly uniform spectral index). Using a more careful technique of splitting into bands has not yet given a significant improvement (but will probably be essential on more complex sources).