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Interventions to Support Sensory Processing Lake Michigan Academy Amy Barto, Executive Director Grace Joldersma, Support Services Coordinator.

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Presentation on theme: "Interventions to Support Sensory Processing Lake Michigan Academy Amy Barto, Executive Director Grace Joldersma, Support Services Coordinator."— Presentation transcript:

1 Interventions to Support Sensory Processing Lake Michigan Academy Amy Barto, Executive Director Grace Joldersma, Support Services Coordinator

2 According to the American Occupational Therapy Association, "Normal sensory integration is central to learning to express words and thought, which in turn affects how a child learns social skills...American Occupational Therapy Association

3 ... These cognitive and communication activities involve a complex range of subtle behaviors such as listening and reacting, interpreting body language and non-verbal cues, and responding to and anticipating the emotions of others....

4 ... Sensory integration processing also affects children’s ability to mentally and physically organize themselves for making orderly transitions from one activity to another."

5 Most Often Identified Challenges Autism Asperger’s SID: Sensory Integration Disorder/Dysfunction SPD: Sensory Processing Disorder

6 Other Challenges Connected to Sensory Processing ADHD PDD CAPD: Central Auditory Processing Disorder Learning Disabilities Stroke & other Brain Injuries Visual Impairment Hearing Impairment Anxiety OCD

7 What’s It Like? Sensory Overload Simulation – He0&feature=related He0&feature=related Sensory Overload – Wag&feature=related Wag&feature=related

8 Sensory Systems Sight Sound Smell Taste Touch Visual Auditory Olfactory Sense of Taste Tactile Vestibular Propioceptive

9 Signs of Visual Dysfunction Squinting Avoidance of printed images Neglectful of detail Bumping into things Frequent headaches Rubbing eyes Awkward coordination

10 Test for Visual Perception – y4&feature=related y4&feature=related

11 Visual Focused Interventions Visual-Spatial Activities –Handwriting Without Tears –Fine motor Light Sensitivity –Color overlays –Dim lighting Support in Visual Arts Visual Discrimination –Find & Search –Shape Sorter type activities Visual Coordination –Bal-a-Vis-X –Tetris & Some Video Games –Mazes

12 Signs Of Auditory Dysfunction Hypersensitive: Covers ears and startled by loud sounds, distracted by sounds not noticed by others, fearful of toilets flushing, hairdryers and/or vacuums, resists going to loud public places (even cafeteria at school). Hyposensitive: May not respond to verbal cues, loves loud music and making noise, may appear confused about where a sound is coming from, may say "what?" frequently. from dysfunction-symptoms3.html dysfunction-symptoms3.html

13 Auditory Focused Intervention Sound Muffling Headphones Paraphrasing Directions Consistent Use of Visual Cues for Directions Sound Health CD’s The Listening Program Therapeutic Listening

14 Signs Of Tactile Dysfunction Hypersensitive: Refuses or resists messy play, resists cuddling and light touch, dislikes kisses, rough clothes or seams in socks, resists baths, showers, or going to the beach. Hyposensitive: Doesn't realize hands or face are dirty, touches everything and anything constantly, may be self-abusive, plays rough with peers, doesn't seem to feel pain (may even enjoy it!) from

15 Tactile Focused Interventions Towel before getting in shower. Macaroni “sand” Elastic waist pants (or skirts for girls) Flip flops; crocs; slip on shoes Worry stone Fabric swatches Consistent physical play

16 Signs Of Vestibular Dysfunction Hypersensitive: Avoids playground and moving equipment, fearful of heights, dislikes being tipped upside down, often afraid of falling, walking on uneven surfaces, and avoids rapid, sudden or rotating movements. Click Here To Find Out About Gravitational Insecurity: Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment Ideas! Hyposensitive: Craves any possible movement experience, especially fast or spinning, never seems to sit still, is a thrill seeker, shakes leg while sitting, loves being tossed in the air, never seems to get dizzy, full of excessive energy. from

17 Vestibular Focused Intervention Swinging Spinning Stability Ball Balance Board Sense of movement; input from the inner ear about equilibrium, gravitational changes, movement experiences and position in space. Ballet Martial Arts Bal-a-Vis-X Rocking Chair

18 Signs Of Proprioceptive Dysfunction Under-responsive: Constantly jumping, crashing, and stomping, loves to be squished and bear hugs, prefers tight clothing, loves rough-housing, and may be aggressive with other children. Over-responsive: Difficulty understanding where body is in relation to other objects, appears clumsy, bumps into things often, moves in a stiff and/or uncoordinated way. Difficulty Regulating Input: Doesn't know how hard to push on an object, misjudges the weight of an object, breaks objects often and rips paper when erasing pencil marks. from

19 Propioceptive Focused Intervention Resistance Bands Stability Balls Theraputty Steamroller The sense of "position"; input from the muscles and joints about body position, weight, pressure, stretch, movement and changes in position. Chewing Sucking Heavy Work ActivitiesHeavy Work Activities

20 Joint Compression Therapy

21 Some Last Thoughts…. Sensory Processing impacts all learners. Movement boosts learning efficiency. For sensory complex children, the wrong stimulation can as detrimental as none. For sensory complex children, be sure to consult with an OT.

22 Resources Sensory Processing egration.html egration.html Literacy of Teaching

23 Text Resources Aron, Elaine. The Highly Sensitive Child. 2002. Biel, Lindsey. Raising a Sensory Smart Child. 2005. Horowitz, Lynn. Helping Hyperactive Kids: A Sensory Integration Approach. 2007. Smith, Karen. The Sensory Sensitive Child: Practical Solutions for Out-of- Bounds Behavior. 2004.

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