Presentation on theme: "HEARING WELL CLUB WHAT DOES YOUR AUDIOGRAM SAY ABOUT HEARING LOSS?"— Presentation transcript:
1HEARING WELL CLUB WHAT DOES YOUR AUDIOGRAM SAY ABOUT HEARING LOSS? SHANNON RICCI, M.A. & JANIS S. UFFENHEIMER, AU. D.NEWPORT AUDIOLOGY/CONNECT HEARING
2What is hearing loss? The ear is Made up of 3 parts The outer ear(ear canal and pinna)B. The middle ear (eardrum and ossicles)C. The inner ear (Cochlea or hearing nerve)Hearing loss is the result of damage to any of these ear parts
3Conductive vs. Sensorineural hearing loss Conductive Loss: Problem in the outer or middle earCauses:Excessive earwax, ear infection or fluid in the middle earStiffness in the bones of the middle ear (Otosclerosis)Conductive hearing loss is treated by a physician
4SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS Sensorineural Loss (Nerve Deafness)The hearing nerve is damaged and cannot send signals to the brainCauses:Noise exposureHereditary factorsDecline in hearing with ageSensorineural loss cannot be corrected with medicine orsurgeryHearing aids can be very helpfulSensorineural hearing loss
6AUDIOGRAM How to Read an Audiogram: A pure tone audiogram is a graph the pitches (frequencies) across the toploudness (intensity) down the side.This graph registers the loudness at which different sounds need to be in order to be heard.An audiologist fills in the graph using symbols to mark the points at which sounds begin to be heard.
7AUDIOGRAM SYMBOLS Symbols: Left ear measurements. Usually marked blue ink: X or BOX.Right ear measurements. Usually marked in red ink: O or Triangle> < or ] [ To mark bone conduction thresholds.
8HEARING LOSS CONFIGURATIONS SLOPINGGRADUALSKI SLOPEFLATREVERSE SLOPEUNILATERAL
10DEGREE OF HEARING LOSS Mild Loss: May hear some speech sounds but soft sounds hard to hearnormal levelModerate Loss: May hearAlmost no speech when a personIs talking at a normal levelAnd only some loud soundsSevere Loss: Will hear no speechwhen a person is talking at anormal level and onlysome loud soundsProfound Hearing loss: Willnot hear any speech andonly hear and maybe onlyfeel some very very loud sounds
11Other TermsUnilateral Hearing Loss: Have a hearing loss in only one ear; Will have more difficulty in background noise and finding the source of a soundSymmetrical or Asymmetrical: Hearing loss is the same in both (symmerical) Hearing loss is different for each ear (asymmetrical)Progressive or Sudden: Hearing loss worsens over time (progressive); Hearing loss happens quickly (sudden- See your ENT immediately)Fluctuating or Stable: Hearing Loss gets better or worse (fluctuating) or stays the same (stable)Word Recognition: A measure of how well you can hear and recognize speech when presented at a comfortable listening level. People with the same degree/configuration of hearing loss may have different word recognition abilities and thus have different abilities with amplification
12How hearing loss affects speech understanding Hearing Loss is documented on an AudiogramMost people with sensorineural hearing loss have difficulty hearing high-pitched soundsSpeech understanding requires hearing the soft, high-pitch soundsVowels = loudnessConsonants = Speech intelligibilityAudibleNot Audible
13“Seed” “Deed” “Greed” “Need” Most people with hearing loss have difficulty with high pitch sounds, like “s”, “ch”, “th”, “f” and “z”
14WHEN DO I NEED A HEARING AID? No outward visible signsusually occurs gradually, and your closeFriends and family members may noticeit before you do.You don’t always know what you missed,because you didn’t hear it.Sometimes, things may sound loud enough,but not be clear.At first, you may only have a problemon the telephone, or with television, oronly in background noise.You may have the perception that you’re hearing fine,if other people would just stop mumbling.Link to dementia, if you don’t use it, you’ll lose it
15What should I do first? Research re: “use it or lose it” principle, Speak with your family members and close friends to see how they feel your hearing is; Don’t let them continue to be your living hearing aidIf you think you have a hearing loss, you probably doGet your hearing testedResearch re: “use it or lose it” principle,In order to be fully engaged in life, you need to be fully engaged everywhere