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Chapter 16.4 How You Hear Sound

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1 Chapter 16.4 How You Hear Sound

2 The Human Ear The function of the ear is to gather sound waves and send or transmit, information about sound to your brain Your ear has three main sections: The Outer Ear The Middle Ear The Inner Ear Each section has its own unique function

3 The Outer Ear The outer ear looks and functions like a funnel
The main function of the outer ear is to funnel sound waves The components of the outer ear are the ear canal and eardrum

4 The Outer Ear The outer ear collects sound waves and directs them into a narrow region called the ear canal The ear canal is a few centimeters long and ends at the eardrum The eardrum is a small tightly stretched, drumlike membrane Sound waves make your eardrum vibrate

5 The Middle Ear The middle ear is located behind the eardrum
The middle ear contains the three smallest bones in your body The hammer The hammer is attached to the eardrum and vibrates when the eardrum vibrates The hammer transmits vibrations to the anvil first and the stirrups second The anvil The stirrup

6 Inner Ear The inner ear is separated from the middle ear by a membrane
When the stirrup vibrates it vibrates against the membrane and the vibrations pass into the cochlea The Cochlea is a fluid-filled cavity shaped like a snail shell The cochlea contains more than 10,000 tiny structures called hair cells

7 The Inner Ear The tiny hair cells have hairlike projections that float in the fluid of the cochlea When vibrations move through the fluid the hair cells move, causing messages to be sent to the brain via the auditory nerve The brain processes the messages and tells you what you’ve heard

8 Hearing Loss When hearing loss occurs a person may have difficulty hearing soft sounds or high-pitched sounds There are many different causes of hearing loss such as, injury, infection, exposure to loud sounds, and aging

9 Causes of Hearing Loss Injury: Hearing loss can occur when the eardrum is damaged or punctured. This is why it is dangerous to stick objects in your ears Infection: Can cause damage to the delicate inner ear and cause permanent hearing loss

10 Causes of Hearing Loss Extended exposure to loud sounds can damage hair cells in the ear The damaged hair cells will no longer be able to send signals to the brain This type of damage can be prevented! Aging: This is the most common form of hearing loss and it occurs gradually As people get older their hair cells in the cochlea begin to die ( AND THEY CANNOT BE REPLACED) People with this kind of hearing loss often have difficulty hearing high-frequency sounds

11 Hearing Aids For certain types of hearing loss, hearing aids can restore some ability to hear Hearing aids amplify sounds entering the ear, and others can amplify specific frequencies that they person has lost the ability to hear Hearing aids come in all different sizes

12 Partner Project Ask Your Partner what sound they hear throughout the day List at least 15 sounds your partner hears Ask them to rank the sounds they hear ask either painful, quiet, normal, loud Then ask them to rate each sound as pleasant, neutral, or annoying Also for each sound record the source, location, time of day, and time exposed to the sound How are the sound ratings similar? How are they different?

13 Sound Source Location Time of day Time of exposure Painful, quiet, normal, loud? Annoying, pleasant, neutral?

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