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DID YOU KNOW…...? âNoise-induced hearing loss is the number one occupational disability âIt is generally painless âIt is progressive over time âIt is.

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Presentation on theme: "DID YOU KNOW…...? âNoise-induced hearing loss is the number one occupational disability âIt is generally painless âIt is progressive over time âIt is."— Presentation transcript:

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3 DID YOU KNOW…...? âNoise-induced hearing loss is the number one occupational disability âIt is generally painless âIt is progressive over time âIt is permanent âIT IS PREVENTABLE!!! THE 4 PS

4 HOW DO WE HEAR?

5 SOUND RECEPTORS

6 DAMAGED HAIR CELLS

7 6 WHAT IS NOISE? Simply stated… noise is any unwanted sound

8 7 WAYS TO CHARACTERIZE OF NOISE FREQUENCY- perceived as pitch INTENSITY- perceived as loudness NATURE- steady-state vs. impulse/impact DURATION- length of time exposed

9 Noise Induced Hearing Loss q Initially, exposure to noise causes a loss of sensitivity to high frequency (high pitch) sound. qContinued exposure results in damage to mid frequency region as well. qOne can experience progressive high frequency hearing loss and not be aware of it until it becomes severe (doesn’t affect loudness perception).

10 HOW CAN IT HAPPEN?  ACOUSTIC TRAUMA – ONE TIME EXPOSURE TO LOUD SOUND OR  DAILY EXPOSURES TO MODERATELY LOUD SOUNDS

11 HOW DO WE KNOW SOMETHING IS TOO LOUD? Could use 3 foot rule –If you have to raise your voice to be heard by someone standing within 3 foot (arm’s length) then the level is most likely above the hazardous noise level or –Objectively measure loudness with proper equipment

12 When is noise scientifically defined to be a hazard? -Duration of exposure, intensity (volume) of sound, repeated exposure, individual susceptibility -85dBA for steady-state noise sources -140dBP for impulse/impact noise sources

13 Steady-State Noise Examples q Rustling Leaves 20dB q Conversation 60dB q Automobile 70dB q Alarm Clock 80dB q Screaming Child 90dB q Pneumatic Drill 100dB q Helicopter 110dB q Live Concert 130dB

14 Impulse Noise Examples qM16, blanks w/suppressor 147dB qVulcanXM197 20mm 159dB qShotgun 12 gauge 160dB qMachine Gun 60 cal 165dB qLauncher, M20-A 35” Rocket 171dB  TOW Missile 180dB

15 Loss of hearing sensitivity due to hazardous noise exposures from either steady state noise or impulse noise does occur even before we can measure the change!…. And it does carry negative consequences !!!

16 15 PTS vs. TTS A permanent threshold shift (PTS) vs. a temporary threshold shift (TTS) Bounce-back effect…not complete recovery Immediate medical referral (Audiology / ENT)

17 16 Permanent Effects of Noise Induced Hearing Loss -Difficulty understanding conversation, particularly in background noise…high frequency hearing loss affects ability to hear consonants. Quality of environmental sound is diminished. -”Ringing in Ears” - tinnitus

18 17 WHAT ABOUT EFFECTS ON MISSION ??? Hearing vs. vision in tactical environment –Darkness –360 degrees –24/7

19 What About the Soldier who Can’t Hear Within Normal Hearing Range? What About the Soldier who Can’t Hear Within Normal Hearing Range? qA normal listener can hear qfootsteps at 100 meters qvoices at 180 meters qrifle bolt closing at 1000 meters q A person with a hearing loss can hear qfootsteps at < 1 meter qvoices at 32 meters qrifle bolt closing at 46 meters

20 19 THINK ABOUT IT… -Listening posts -Walking point on patrol -Call for fire -Urban Warfare

21 Annual Hearing Testing rWhy do annually? rFeedback BEFORE it becomes a problem….not five years down the road when it definitely is a problem rWhat is your score??? rAre you practicing good hearing conservation or aren’t you???

22 21 BOTTOM LINE If you are exposing yourself to hazardous noise levels unprotected…it’s not a matter of whether you will develop hearing loss but when you will develop hearing loss…the odds are VERY RARELY beaten.

23 HEARING PROTECTION ãThe only thing standing between you and a potential permanent hearing loss!!!!!

24 But I Can’t Wear Hearing Protection Because…... rMy ears will become infected rThey hurt my ears rI can’t hear to do my job rI can’t hear sounds needed to hunt, etc., etc. rThinking short-term instead of long- term

25 Approved Types of HPD’s èEarplugs èPre-formed èHand-formed èNoise Muffs èHelmets

26 NOISE REDUCTION RATING (NRR) mAll hearing protection devices have a Noise Reduction Rating (NRR) mField testing suggests that the actual NRR is approximately half of what is listed on the package

27 PRE-FORMED EARPLUGS Single Flange: –(NRR)=23dB –5 color-coded sizes: White (Extra Small)- 10% of the population Green (Small)- 25% Orange (Medium)-30% Blue (Large)- 40% Red (Extra Large)- 25%

28 FITTING TECHNIQUE

29 PRE-FORMED EARPLUGS Triple Flange: –NRR= 26dB –3 color coded sizes: Green (Small)= 10% of the population Orange (Medium)=80% Blue (Large)= 30%

30 FITTING TECHNIQUE

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32 Characteristics Of A Good Pre-formed Earplug Fit èVoices sound muffled è“Vacuum” effect èComfortable èSingle flange tab facing toward back of ear èLargest flange of triple flange is flush against ear canal opening

33 HAND-FORMED EARPLUGS ÿNoise Reduction Rating (NRR)=29dB

34 Fitting Technique

35 Circumaural Noise Muffs Noise Reduction Rating (NRR)=23dB

36 Fitting Technique èNoise muffs should seal around the ear èReplace ear cushions when cracked or worn èCertain types of muffs allow placement of the headband on top of the head, behind the head, or under the chin

37 Care and Maintenance of all HEARING PROTECTIVE DEVICES qKeep clean with mild soap and water and dry before using qReplace when material hardens/cracks or does not clean qCheck for cracks on earphone seals, headband tension and replace as needed

38 37 Helmets: For Specific Operational Uses Aviators, aviation crews Tankers Amphibious vehicle crew members

39 COMBAT EARPLUGS Insert YELLOW plugs for weapons fire in dismounted mode. Insert OLIVE DRAB plugs for steady state noise in and around aircraft, noisy vehicles and watercraft, etc. Keep filter holes free of earwax and other debris. Check proper insertion for slight tension by gently tugging on plugs. Ensure that plugs are cleaned with soap and water and dry when returned to case. Keep filter holes free of earwax and other debris. Check proper insertion for slight tension by gently tugging on plugs. Ensure that plugs are cleaned with soap and water and dry when returned to case.

40 Where to get Hearing Protection mPre-formed – fitting done at Thomas Moore Health Clinic on walk-in basis mAll other types provided by unit and should be included in budget

41 40 One more time…When do I need to wear protection? Steady state noise measured at 85dBA or greater Impulse noise measured at 140dBA or greater

42 41 Are HPDs always enough? Some military noise exposure may exceed the protection offered by HPDs Synergistic effects Permanent damage can be minimized with HPD use

43 42 OTHER PROTECTIVE MEASURES Administrative Controls Double protection Medical intervention???

44 43 ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROLS Limit exposure time by implementing shift work schedules

45 44 DOUBLING UP! Steady state noises 120dBA or greater Use of insert earplugs and circumaural earmuffs together

46 45 Medical Research (on the horizon) Hazardous exposure initiates inner ear oxidative process which results in hair cell death cycle New medication may be able to limit permanent damage by arresting oxidative process Time sensitive NOT A SUB FOR HPDs!

47 Listening through HPDs takes practice but the threshold shift caused from wearing them is temporary…the shift caused from not protecting yourself could be permanent!!!!

48 TO SUMMARIZE…… è HEARING LOSS HAPPENS! è Noise induced hearing loss is 100% preventable è Your hearing health starts with YOU while at work or home è If YOU don’t protect it YOU will lose it

49 QUESTIONS?? Fort Hood Hearing Conservation Section Fort Hood Hearing Conservation Section /6311


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