Presentation on theme: "Duration The element of time.. Duration Beat - the steady pulse that flows through a piece of music. Fast or slow May be easy to hear (or feel), or it."— Presentation transcript:
Duration The element of time.
Duration Beat - the steady pulse that flows through a piece of music. Fast or slow May be easy to hear (or feel), or it may not be. Nonmetric - If the beat is not evident.
Duration Meter - how the beats are grouped. Most often in either in 2, 3 or 4 (most common) Usually first beat is accented. Occasionally, meter is in another grouping.
Duration Tempo - the speed of the beats. Fast or slow. Remember, the beat usually remains steady
Duration Rhythm - a pattern of beats and accents, shorts and longs. Often the rhythm is a pattern that repeats.
Measure Measure or "Bar" - when we break up the beats into patterns of two or three, a measure is one complete time through the patterns. Ex , 1 - 2, is three measures.
Find the Meter To determine the meter, find the beat first, then try to locate the downbeat (beat 1 of the pattern). How many beats until the next downbeat , etc.
Examples of Meter 4 beats is most common - really almost the same as 2 beats 3 beats is triple meter. Not nearly as common. Happy Birthday, The Star-Spangled Banner, Break Away by Kelly Clarkson is in 6/8, End Of The Road by Boyz II Men, Louis Armstrong´s Wonderful World, Seal - Kiss From a Rose, Beatles, You've Got To Hide Your Love Away and Norwegian Wood. Raining In Baltimore Counting Crows, the verses of "Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds", Hallelujah used in Shrek, George Michael One More Try
Duration Syncopation - when the emphasis falls on a beat that is normally not accented. An exception in “classical” music, but a feature of “popular” music.
Groove The energy present in a piece of music. Makes you want to tap your foot or nod your head in time.
Rhythm An organized and repeating pattern of beats and syncopations (or “shorts and longs”) forming a musical idea.
Dynamics Volume. Loud or soft The relative loudness or softness. Relative - loud to a flute is not the same as loud to a trumpet!
Dynamics p = piano - soft f = forte - strong (or loud) Mezzo- = medium or half -issimo = very
Dynamics pp = pianissimo p = piano mp = mezzo-piano mf = mezzo-forte f = forte ff = fortissimo
Dynamics pp - p - mp - - mf - f - ff (0) 1 2 3
Dynamics Crescendo - gradual increase in volume Decrescendo - gradual decrease in volume Subito - sudden change in volume
Decibels Decibels - Amount of air (or water) pressure caused by a sound wave
Sound Pressure Level What would be the Sound Pressure Level (decibel range) of an acoustic classical guitar? dB
Compression a technique of "squeezing" the dynamic range of audio by making the soft parts louder, and the loud parts softer, to arrive at a more consistent dynamic level.
Normalize a digital technique of anayzing a waveform to identify the loudest sound, and calculating the ratio that may be modified to arrive at the point just below distortion (clipping). It then processes the entire selected audio sample that amount, making the file louder.
The Loudness Wars a modern production technique to obtain more density from recorded audio. The selected audio is compressed and normalized several times to even out the dynamic range, but enable the entire sample to be louder. Each track is processed this way, and the resulting mix is very dense, and loud.
Timbre can be a list of the instruments or voices that you hear. Timbre can also refer to the variations in tone color of a specific instrument (a bright guitar or dark voice).