Presentation on theme: "Ian M. F. Arnold MD, MSc, DOHS,FRCPC, FCBOM, CSPQ, CRSP, CEA OEMAC, October 03, 2011 Psychological Health and Safety – Catalyzing Workforce and Workplace."— Presentation transcript:
Ian M. F. Arnold MD, MSc, DOHS,FRCPC, FCBOM, CSPQ, CRSP, CEA OEMAC, October 03, 2011 Psychological Health and Safety – Catalyzing Workforce and Workplace Change OEMAC 29 th Annual Conference Niagara on the Lake
Learning Objectives 1.Review the work underway to catalyze change in workplace psychological health and safety; 2.Understand the reasons for development of a workplace standard on psychological health and safety; 3.Recognize the reasons for the use of a consensus based approach and the role of occupational health physicians and other stakeholders in the development of the standard; 4.Learn about the current status of the standard and the needs and timetable for completion of the standard development.
Six Strategic Initiatives that shape our direction on Workplace Psychological Health and Safety Employment opportunities and/or sustainable income for the Aspiring Workforce (“Aspiring Workforce” project - CAMH); Research project to define existing best practices “Integrated Approach to Workplace Mental Health” - SFU); MHCC peer support certification and accreditation process under the direction of Lt. Col. Stephane Grenier; Leadership Initiative – the business case; Review of the jurisprudence on psychological health and safety in the workplace (Dr. Martin Shain); Development of workplace standards for psychological health and safety.
The “Aspiring Workforce” Project Understanding how to enhance employment opportunities and a sustainable income for the Aspiring Workforce; Led by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health with U of T and Queens University – completion Jan ‘12 Four components: Supported employment; Alternative business models (social enterprises); A new model of disability benefits; Mental health literacy for and about the Aspiring Workforce; Impact on OHPs – improved worker accommodation options, better mechanisms for managing disability, enhanced knowledge on psychological H and S.
An Integrated Approach to Improving Workplace Mental Healthcare in Canada To identify/critically analyse current models and promising practices in workplace mental health; Conducted by Simon Fraser University; A 6P approach: Dissemination plan under development; now Ultimate deliverable of value to OHPs - “PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH & SAFETY: AN ACTION GUIDE FOR EMPLOYERS”
An Integrated Approach PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH & SAFETY: AN ACTION GUIDE FOR EMPLOYERS POLICY Commitment by organizational leadership to enhance psychological health and safety through workplace interventions PLANNING Determination of key mental health indicators across the organization, selection of actions, and specification of objectives PROMOTION Actions taken to promote the general psychological health of the workforce PREVENTION Actions taken to prevent the occurrence of significant psychological problems or mental disorders -- may occur at the primary, secondary or tertiary level PROCESS Evaluation of implementation and results of actions taken to enhance psychological health and safety PERSISTENCE Sustainment of effective actions in a process of continuous improvement
An Integrated Approach PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH & SAFETY: AN ACTION GUIDE FOR EMPLOYERS PREFACE INTRODUCTION THE P6 MODEL AND ISO POLICY PLANNING PROMOTION PREVENTION – Primary, Secondary, Tertiary Secondary Prevention Provide self-care tools Provide manager training Provide early intervention through EFAP PROCESS PERSISTENCE PH&S IN SMALL BUSINESS PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH AND SAFETY OF MANAGERS: A CRITICAL ISSUE INTEGRATING MENTAL HEALTH CARE AND THE WORKPLACE CLOSING COMMENTS Table of Contents
An Integrated Approach PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH & SAFETY: AN ACTION GUIDE FOR EMPLOYERS Provide manager training It is critical to give managers the knowledge and skills - - - - Why it matters Employees with patterns of declining or inconsistent job performance, interpersonal difficulties or other uncharacteristic behaviours may - - - - - How it is done Some larger organizations have developed manager training programs specific to their business or sector-- this may be useful if - - - - Useful tools Managing Mental Health Matters, Great West Life Centre for Mental Health in the Workplace: http://www.gwlcentreformentalhealth.com/mmhm/eng/main.html http://www.gwlcentreformentalhealth.com/mmhm/eng/main.html What you need to know about mental health: a tool for managers, The Conference Board of Canada: http://www.conferenceboard.ca/documents.aspx?did=1433 http://www.conferenceboard.ca/documents.aspx?did=1433 A practical guide to managing and supporting people with mental health problems in the workplace: http://shift.org.uk/files/employers/lmr2009_web.pdf http://shift.org.uk/files/employers/lmr2009_web.pdf There is a spectrum in management styles – not everyone has to like everyone – a manager can be tough without being disrespectful. Labour Lawyer
The Peer Project – Two components 1 Peer Support Practitioners: enhance the utilization of peer support through the creation and application of national standards of practice. 2 Peer Educators: encourage a change in societal attitudes towards mental illnesses through peer based education strategies specifically targeting adults in workplaces and later, youth in schools.
Immediate focus on Peer Support 1 Peer Support Practitioners: enhance the utilization of peer support through the creation and application of national standards of practice. 2 Peer Educators: encourage a change in societal attitudes towards mental illnesses through peer based education strategies specifically targeting adults in workplaces and later, youth in schools.
Peer Project - Strategic Outcomes PEER PROJECT STANDARDS of PRACTICE ACCREDITATION BODY – Sustainable approach Evaluation framework EVIDENCE BASE Consumer / Survivor engagement Note 1: Outreach to 600 peer support workers and agencies across Canada. 281 currently / actively engaged in helping shape the future of peer support through this project;
The Intent of the Peer Project Create the conditions required to leverage, on a wide scale, the acquired skills of people who have lived mental health experience. Provide a robust enabling framework for organisations and systems to enhance current peer programs or launch new peer initiatives, build capacity, and help address the growing mental health needs; Value to the OHP – a new resource to help employees enhance their personal resiliency and better manage workplace psychological health and safety challenges.
Targeted segment of the peer support continuum Professional Friendship Peer Support Formal Informal Peer Support Future certified peer support workers Examples of types of peer support include: Forensic inpatient services Acute inpatient services Community based NGOs Respite services and alternatives to acute inpatient stays Peer operated “warmlines” Primary mental health care Peer led training Workplace peer support programs Others as appropriate
What are standards of practice? Standards of practice establish the knowledge, competencies, training/education, experience and values of a given function The Canadian standards of practice for Peer Support will allow the voluntary certification of peer support workers. This credential will be transportable from coast to coast The Canadian Peer Support standards of practice are being established based on a nationwide, comprehensive consultation process tapping into the wealth of knowledge and experience in this field
Research based project The gathering of evidence-based data is required to promote the expanded use of peer support A reliably consistent standard methodology (standards of practice) is required to allow the gathering of empirical data based on project evaluation results Underpinned from the outset with outcomes based performance measurement and evaluation strategies ( Ottawa U, Queens, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Atlanta Georgia)
Standards of Practice (SoP) Code of Conduct Competencies Experience Knowledge Syllabus & Manual BCSS Vic Branch Assessment Tools Baynton & Ass Certification Services Policy / Process / Infrastructure SoP Manual Healthy Brains – Healthy Business Code of conduct Certification Validation Volunteer community based peer support organisations such as the Nova Scotia Research Foundation; Manitoba Schizophrenia Association; BC Schizophrenia Association Vic.; Association Quebecoise en Readaptation Psycosociale; Ontario Peer Development Initiative Workplace & MH System Demonstration site Promising sites: Private Sector Public Sector Law Enforcement & First Responders MH System Evaluate Phase I Consultation 2010 / 2011 Phase II Development 2011 / 2012 Phase III Implement / Evaluate & Adapt 2012 / 2014 Organisational Qualities Readiness Assessment CMHA Principle of Practice Values Practicum Evaluation Methods & Outcomes Evaluation Strategy CDC – Deloitte – Ott U – CAMH - Queens Plan
The Aspiring Workforce Project The Integrated Approach – Guideline The Peer Project The MHCC Leadership Initiative; Developing the Business Case; Risk Management – the Shain Reports; The National Standard for Workplace Psychological Health and Safety. Driving Change in the Workplace
Mental Health Leadership Initiative – Moving forward – A Work in Progress The Mental Health Leadership Initiative includes: Key aspects of the Roundtable’s 2007 “CFO Framework for Mental Health and Productivity”; Evolving legal requirements; A comprehensive framework approach to manage Mental Health in the workplace; The Mental Health Leadership Initiative is a key strategic tool to drive acceptance of the next steps in improving workplace mental health and psychological safety; The Value to the OHP –Provides downloadable videos from senior labour, workplace, and organizational leaders and information on steps to take to move forward. Key point – the organization needs leadership support and a champion.
The Business Case is Clear for improving Workplace Psychological Health and Safety 1. Corporate Social Responsibility Includes employees as well as external stakeholders 2. Cost Effectiveness In productivity as well as cost trend management 3. Recruitment and Retention The competition for talent 4. Risk Management OH&S, Human Rights, Disability Legislation
The Shain Reports - Mental injury and psychological safety in the workplace Mental injury is not the same as mental illness. It is harm to mental health [mental suffering] that significantly affects the ability of employees to function at work and at home; “A psychologically safe workplace is one in which every practical effort is made to avoid reasonably foreseeable injury to the mental health of employees” (Shain, 2009).
“A psychologically safe workplace is no longer a “nice to do”. It is now a “must do” “ We observe seven major trends in the law becoming stronger by the year. We can characterize these trends as pressures building toward a perfect legal storm, where the whole is far greater than the sum of the parts.” Dr. Martin Shain said... There is a rising tide of liability for employers who fail to provide a psychologically safe work environment; Employers lack the tools to assess and address workplace risks to psychological health and safety;
December 2009 - MHCC/WAC, with Great West Life, held a consensus meeting in Vancouver – National Standard supported by all attendees, consensus statement issued: “It is our vision to see the development of a National Standard of Canada on psychological health and safety in the workplace by December 1, 2011, and uptake by employers resulting in a measureable improvement in psychological health and safety within three years of that date.” Early 2010, discussions held with Canadian Standards Association (CSA) and the Bureau de Normalization du Quebec (BNQ); 02/10 - Statement of Understanding agreed to by MHCC, CSA, BNQ; The Path to the present: A Standard for Psychological Health and Safety in the Workplace
Funding for standard development – HRSDC is the lead with support from Health Canada and the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) – January 2011; Support for MHCC specifically for this project also provided by Bell Canada – January 2011; The Standard development process is on a fast track - agreement with BNQ/CSA finalized in February 2011; 4 of 5 Technical Committee meetings already held; Draft for 60 day public comment mid fall, 2011; Final draft March 2012; Release – June/July, 2012.
The Path to the present: A Standard for Psychological Health and Safety in the Workplace Objective: to provide a methodology that will lead to measurable and sustainable improvements in psychological health and safety; Stand alone, voluntary standard; Will align with other international efforts - British Standards Institute Performance Standard (PAS 1010), OHSAS 18000 and CSA Z1000 and Z1002, and the BNQ Healthy Enterprises standard; Standard to follow the ISO framework.
Factors impacting Workplace Psychological Health and Safety Workplace and Workforce Psychological Health and Safety Social Factors Physical Factors Individual Factors Environmental Factors
The Path to the present: The Technical committee Code Min Max Actual Description EI 3 4 3 Employee Interest e.g CAW, CLC GI 5 6 6 General Interest - Samra, Shain OI 5 6 6 Organizational Interest e.g. AC RP 4 6 5 Regulatory/Policy/Underwriter Interest e.g. HC, HRSDC SP 3 4 4 Professional Services, e.g CMHA
Key Areas Impacting Workplace Psychological Health and Safety Psychological Support, Organizational Culture, Clear leadership & expectations, Civility and respect, Psychological job fit, Growth and development, Recognition and reward, Involvement and influence, Workload management, Engagement, Balance Psychological protection Positive physical environment
The Path to the present: A Standard for Psychological Health and Safety in the Workplace – Features (DRAFT) The Standard will include a preface, an introduction, scope, normative references and definitions, the standard process, and several annexes; The process follows the ISO format; Commitment, Leadership, Participation; Planning Implementation; Evaluation and Corrective Action; Management Review and Continual Improvement. The process respects the HIRARC principles – Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment Risk Control
The Path to the present: A Standard for Psychological Health and Safety in the Workplace – Features (DRAFT) Five annexes are also included to help users: Annex A – Supplemental background information Annex B – Resource compendium Annex C – Sample audit tool Annex D – A discussion of relevant legislation or regulation as of 2011 Annex E - Related Standards and Guides Annex F - Annotated Bibliography
Conclusions A systematic and sustainable approach for psychological health and safety, on a parallel with how physical health and safety is managed, is becoming a business and social imperative; The MHCC’s WAC is working with various partners to develop tools that will assist employees and employers to improve workplace mental health; These tools will provide Occupational Health Practitioners with new methods to deal with Psychological Health and Safety challenges in the modern workplace. Positive workforce and workplace change is on the way
A selection of Canadian resources available on-line The MHCC Leadership Initiative: http://www.mhccleadership.ca/http://www.mhccleadership.ca/ The Peer Support Project: http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/English/Pages/PeerProject.aspxhttp://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/English/Pages/PeerProject.aspx The Shain Reports: http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/SiteCollectionDocuments/Key_Documents/en/2009/Stress %20at%20Work%20MHCC%20V%203%20Feb%202009.pdf Guarding Minds at Work: http://www.guardingmindsatwork.ca/http://www.guardingmindsatwork.ca/ The Great West Life Centre for Mental Health: http://www.gwlcentreformentalhealth.com/english/index.asp Working Through It – Stories of People dealing with workplace mental health issues: http://www.gwlcentreformentalhealth.com/english/display.asp?l1=2&l2=17&l3=173&d=173 The Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC): http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/ The Service System Advisory Committee’s “Making the Case for Peer Support” (http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/SiteCollectionDocuments/peer/Service%20Systems%20AC %20-%20Peer%20support%20report%20EN.pdf )http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/SiteCollectionDocuments/peer/Service%20Systems%20AC %20-%20Peer%20support%20report%20EN.pdf Workplace Strategies for Mental Health http://workplacestrategiesformentalhealth.com/display.asp?l1=7&l2=187&d=187