Presentation on theme: "Post-2015 Development Agenda: Global and Regional Concerns"— Presentation transcript:
1 Post-2015 Development Agenda: Global and Regional Concerns byLina V. CastroInterim Deputy National StatisticianHigh-Level Seminar and Workshop on ACSS Strategic PlanSession 2: Broader Needs and ASEAN Users’ Needs SurveysBogor, Indonesia17 June 2014
2 Outline of Presentation BackgroundEfforts at the Global, Regional and National LevelsProspectsAssessment and Recommendations by FOCWhat needs to be doneFuture directionsConcluding remarks
3 Post-2015 Development Agenda: Global and Regional Concerns Main Message:“One cannot manage what one cannot measure.”* UN Statistical Commission Forty-fifth Session (E/CN.3/2014/4)
4 I. BackgroundIn the outcome document of the High-level Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly on the Millennium Development Goals, held in New York from 20 to 22 September 2010, the Heads of State and Government requested the Secretary-General to make recommendations for further steps to advance the United Nations development agenda beyond 2015.In the outcome document of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 20 to 22 June 2012, Member States initiated an inclusive process to develop a set of sustainable development goals.
5 I. BackgroundAgreement:A 30-member working group was established and instructed to prepare a proposal on sustainable development goals for consideration by the General Assembly at its sixty-eighth session.The Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals was established in January 2013 called the OWG SDG
6 I. Background Premises: The sustainable development goals should be limited in number, aspirational and easy to communicateThey should address in a balanced way all three dimensions of sustainable development and be coherent with and integrated into the United Nations development agenda beyond 2015OWG to conclude work by September 2014High-level summit in September 2015Final phase to culminate during the 69th Session of the General Assembly
7 I. BackgroundInvolvement of the Statistical CommunityIAEG MDG Indicators lessons learnedReport highlights the role of the statistical community in the process of selecting the goals, targets and indicators for the new development framework.A joint task force on measuring sustainable development of ECE, Eurostat, OECD issued its report on statistics and indicators
8 Involvement of the Statistical Community UNSC’s role: I. BackgroundInvolvement of the Statistical CommunityUNSC’s role:Leading entity of the global statistical systemIntergovernmental focal point for the elaboration and review of the indicators used in the United Nations systemProvide guidance and leadership in monitoring progress towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals from the outset
9 I. BackgroundFormation and Mandate of Friends of the Chair (FOC)To build a work program to develop broader measures of progress based on a stocktaking exercise of current national, regional and international practices in this fieldConduct technical review with a view of identifying best practices and to facilitating the sharing of knowledge, especially for the benefit of developing countriesEnsure that a robust statistical measurement approach is incorporated from the outset in preparations for the post-2015 development agenda
10 I. Background FOC Activities Created a website to provide information about and a platform for the ongoing work of the group;Reviewed the report of the High-level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda from a statistical point of view;Contributed to and was instrumental in the drafting of statistical notes annexed to a large set of thematic issue briefs;Cooperated in and contributed to the organization and conduct of an informal session of the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals (OWG SDG) on measuring progress held on 17 December 2013.
11 II. Efforts at the Global, Regional and National Levels Global EffortsWork of the Statistical Commission on monitoring the Millennium Development GoalsThe Framework for the Development of Environment StatisticsThe System of Environmental-Economic Accounting“Happiness: towards a holistic approach to development”, note by the Secretary General
12 II. Efforts at the Global, Regional and National Levels Efforts of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and DevelopmentOECD has been addressing the question of how to measure well-being and societal progress for more than a decadeCurrent well-being is measured for two broad domains:Material living conditions- income and wealth, jobs and earnings, housing conditionsQuality of life – health status, work-life balance, education and skills, social connections, civic engagement and governance, environmental quality, personal security and life satisfactionFuture well-being (or sustainability of well-being) is assessed through indicators of different types of “capital” that drive well-being over time
13 II. Efforts at the Global, Regional and National Levels Efforts of the European Statistical SystemA system of sustainability development indicators was established in order to monitor the progress made towards achieving the objectives and targets of the strategy/indicator framework is based on 10 themes2011 Report: Measuring Progress, Well Being and Sustainable DevelopmentNational EffortsMany Member States have undertaken substantial work in terms of producing and compiling broader measures of progress
14 III. Prospects for and the way forward towards a technically solid and globally agreed set of measures of progressEstablishment of the conceptual basisOver the past years, much has happened throughout the world in the field of measuring progress and sustainabilityA universal conceptual understanding of well-being with a common core set of well-being dimensions seems to have emerged in many countries.Sustainable development can be defined, in short, as “improved well-being for everyone now and in the future”.
15 III. Prospects for and the way forward towards a technically solid and globally agreed set of measures of progressAlong 20 themes:Subjective well-beingLeisureNon-energy resourcesConsumption and incomePhysical safetyTrustNutritionLand and ecosystemsInstitutionsHealthWaterPhysical capitalLabourAir qualityKnowledge capitalEducationClimateFinancial capitalHousingEnergy resources
16 III. Prospects for and the way forward towards a technically solid and globally agreed set of measures of progressSustainable development goals and post-2015 goals and targets and broader measures of progress: Some concernsThe development and implementation of a post-2015 development/Agenda will benefit from the work done to develop broader measures of progress.An agenda is expected to have sustainable development at its core.The discussion on the post-2015 development agenda will also test the relevance and applicability of existing and proposed measures at the global level.Some of the suggested new goals and targets are not well covered in existing official statistics, and measurement concepts and indicators are still missing.Also, many of the efforts to develop broader measures of progress take place in developed countries, mostly reflecting their particular situation.Existing measures of progress might need to be revised or amended in order to converge into a technically solid and globally agreed broader measures of progress.Hence, the adoption of globally agreed broader measures of progress should take place only after the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda.
17 III. Prospects for and the way forward towards a technically solid and globally agreed set of measures of progressReview of the proposals made by the High-level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development AgendaThe group was asked to analyze the statistical implications of the report of statistical systems to measure the proposed targets.
18 IV. Assessment/Recommendations by the FOC Different frameworks and agendas should convergeThe new framework should aim both at finishing the job of the Millennium Development Goals and at going beyond the Goals in the direction of a universal post-2015 agenda.The different frameworks and proposals for sustainable development goals and post-2015 development goals and targets converge at an early stageNeed to make targets fit all countriesProposed a multi-level approach to goal-settingCombining a small set of global goals reflecting universally agreed outcomes with more specific targets and indicatorsReflecting countries’ specific level of development, context, responsibility and capacity
19 IV. Assessment/Recommendations by the FOC Global partnership for development dataAgreed with the emphasis placed by the High-level Panel on the importance of Data Revolution.To improve the quality of statistics and information available to citizens and to set up a global partnership on development data to make this happen.Stressed data revolution to focus on more than just data delivery and should include investment in the development of concepts, measurement frameworks, classifications and standards.Strengthen the links between data, statistics and decision-making that underpin accountability as a central aspect of the data revolution.
20 IV. Assessment/Recommendations by the FOC Global partnership for development dataRecognized that open data, big data, geospatial information and geographical information system are new data mines that could lead to the cost-effective production of statistics.Recommends carefully evaluating the opportunities and challenges that these new data sources represent when they are used as information sources for monitoring.Recommends that data produced from new sources should meet the requirements and quality standards of official statistics.Proposed that the global partnership on development data be led by the official statistical system under the auspices of the Statistical Commission.
21 IV. Assessment/Recommendations by the FOC An effective official statistical system as a targetAdvocates the inclusion of an effective official statistical system be a target in its own right, and that an appropriate set of measures be developed.Underline the importance of statistics in the minds of policymakers and ensure financial support for the achievement of this target.
22 IV. Assessment/Recommendations by the FOC Analysis of global goals and targetsThe illustrative goals and targets contained in the report of High-level Panel are extremely ambitious from a measurement perspective, especially at a time when resources for statistics have been declining in many countries.Significant investment would be required.Monitoring of the post-2015 development goals and targets should be based on comparable definitions, methods and classifications.Adopting the framework of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA)Inclusion of the target to publish and use economic, social and environmental accounts
23 IV. Assessment/Recommendations by the FOC Important Lessons Learned:Universal goals and targets should be translated into national targets and that each country should have ownership of their own data.This will require the National Strategy for the Development of Statistics (NSDS) and other national and regional initiatives in statistical areas to be aligned with the requirements of the post-2015 development agenda.
24 IV. Assessment/Recommendations by the FOC New Focus Areas:Poverty eradication, building shared prosperity and promoting equalitySustainable agriculture, food security and nutritionHealth and population dynamicsEducation and life-long learningGender equality and women’s empowermentWater and sanitationEnergyEconomic growth, employment and infrastructureIndustrialization and promoting equality between nationsSustainable cities and human settlements
25 IV. Assessment/Recommendations by the FOC New Focus Areas:Sustainable Consumption and ProductionClimate changeConservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seasEcosystem and biodiversityMeans of implementation/Global partnership for sustainable developmentPeaceful and inclusive societies, rule of law and capable institutions
26 V. What needs to be doneNeed for an integrated and technically robust measurement approachData for decision making: lessons learned from monitoring the Millennium Development Goals/translated an inspirational vision into a set of concrete and time-bound goals and targets that could be monitored through the use of statistically robust indicatorsSetting targets and selecting indicators: need for the early involvement of statisticiansGoals and targets that cannot be measured cannot be monitored.Statistician should be consulted in the discussion of different proposals for goals and targets, early on and as appropriate, in order to provide their neutral evaluation from a statistical perspective.Statistician should engage with the politicians at the global level but also at the national level early on during the discussion on goals and targets.Statisticians should provide ongoing technical support for setting targets and identify appropriate indicators in consultation with countries
27 V. What needs to be doneNeed for an integrated approach and the role of statistical measurement frameworkAt the statistical level, important dimensions of integration are data collection, data processing, concepts and definitions, and institutional arrangements.Efforts may be integrated across statistical domains in the post-2015 monitoring framework is data collection, in particular in the area of use of administrative sources, household and business surveys.A starting point for designing a measurement framework for capital-based indicators of sustainable development is the System of National Accounts, which is the source for measures of financial and produced capital stocks.The System of Environmental-Economic Accounting is a measurement framework for natural capital that is consistent with the System of National Accounts.
28 VI. Future DirectionsRole of the Statistical Commission in setting up a monitoring systemAs the intergovernmental focal point for the elaboration and review of indicators used in the United Nations system, the Statistical Commission and its working mechanisms will guide and lead the response to the statistical needs arising from the post-2015 development agenda.Future work:March 2014-September 2015: contributing to the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals and General Assembly process towards the sustainable development goals and post-2015 goals and targets (evaluation targets);March 2014-September 2015: finding, developing and testing possible indicators;March 2014-December 2016: developing and establishing an expert group and its detailed workplan, preparing for the collection of baseline data and setting up a reporting system.
29 VI. Future DirectionsBusan Action Plan for Statistics and a strengthened partnership for statistical development and capacity-buildingIn 1999, this cooperation was formalized in Paris21, which is dedicated to encouraging improvements in the production and use of statistics in developing countries by providing:Support for strengthening the national statistical systems of developing countries, including through coordination efforts between data users, data producers, policymakers and providers of development cooperation;Assistance to countries in designing, implementing and monitoring their national strategies for the development of statistics;And knowledge through data archiving and documentation.
30 VI. Future DirectionsBusan Action Plan for Statistics and a strengthened partnership for statistical development and capacity-buildingIn 2011, the global community renewed its commitment to these efforts with the Busan Action Plan for Statistics, which establishes three goals:To fully integrate statistics in decision-making by, among other things, engaging statisticians in planning, budgeting, monitoring and evaluating processes and refocusing national statistical strategies to produce data that support country-level development priorities;To promote open access to and use of data, e.g. by increasing the knowledge and skills needed to use statistics; andTo increase resources for statistical systems, e.g. by ensuring that outcomes of global summits and high-level forums specifically recognize the need for statistical capacity development and by ensuring that financing for statistical information is robust.
31 VI. Future DirectionsNational priorities and mainstreaming of new requirementsRequirements:At the policy level, countries are expected to adopt sustainable development goals and post-2015 goals and targets in accordance with their priorities and circumstances.Statistics should follow this approach and the post-2015 monitoring and associated technical assistance and capacity-building activities should be aligned with national priorities.Development and implementation of new methodologies, data sources and methods of data capture, integration and disseminationMonitoring the goals and targets of the post-2015 development agenda might require the development and adoption of new concepts, measurement frameworks, data sources, methods and technologies.
32 VI. Future DirectionsRethinking existing mechanisms: possibilities for a data revolutionThe High-level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda proposed a data revolution that would draw on existing and new sources of data to fully integrate statistics into decision-making, promote open access to and use of data and ensure increased support for statistical systems.
33 One cannot manage what one cannot measure. VII. Concluding RemarksEarly and continued close involvement of the statistical communityOne cannot manage what one cannot measure.Therefore, the post-2015 development agenda should incorporate clear goals that have measurable targets and indicators to ensure that the desired outcomes are achieved and that progress towards achieving these outcomes can be monitored.Early and continued close engagement of the national and international official statistical community is necessary in the process of formulating the targets and indicators to ensure that the monitoring is firmly grounded on established principles and sound statistical practices of official statistics, statistical capacity and data availability.
34 VII. Concluding Remarks It is suggested that the Friends of the Chair group do the following:Continue to provide and facilitate statistical support in the design of the sustainable development goals and the post-2015 development agenda;Develop and pursue a workplan for the development and implementation of a monitoring framework for the post-2015 development agenda;Address the need for the development of new data sources, methods and methodologies resulting from the data requirements of the sustainable development goals and the post-2015 development agenda;Make a proposal for how a target related to an effective official statistical system could be formulated and supported by indicators.
35 ReferencesUnited Nations Statistical Commission Forty-fifth Session (E/CN.3/2014/4)FOC Group: Revised Working Document for OWG SDGs 11th Session 17 April 2014 and Working Document for 5-9 May Session of OWG