Presentation on theme: "Slavery, The Civil War & Reconstruction"— Presentation transcript:
1 Slavery, The Civil War & Reconstruction 1848 - 1877 Chapter 3Slavery, The Civil War& Reconstruction
2 KWLComplete the first two columns of the Slavery, the Civil War and Reconstruction KWL
3 White Southerners’ Defense of Slaveholding Work with your teams to read the article you’ve been given and answer the questions on the worksheet (on a separate sheet of paper).Groups should exchange articles (twice) so that you’ve read all 3 articles (you only need to answer the questions for the first article you received).After you’ve read all three articles answer the following questions:Do you think slaveholders really believed what they said and wrote in defense of slavery?Besides the reasons given by the author of article One, what reasons can you think of for the failure of slaves to join John Brown’s uprising?Are there institutions and practices that people defend today that may be considered immoral a hundred years from now?
4 Civil War GeneralsWorking in pairs or alone, research one of the following generals and learn more about his role in the Civil War. is an excellent source.Prepare a brief presentation for the class about his role in the war. Information should include, but is not limited to key battles he was involved in.Presentations are due Friday, October 19th
5 Civil War Generals cont. Robert E. LeeWilliam RosecransP.G.T. BeauregardJohn C. FremontIrvin McDowellJoseph HookerBenjamin ButlerGeorge MeadeUlysses S. GrantGeorge E. PicketDavid G. FarragutWilliam Tecumseh ShermanBraxton BraggJohn B. HoodWinfield ScottGeorge McClellan
6 Section 1 – The Civil War Begins Election of 1860Republicans nominate Abraham LincolnDemocrats split over slavery issueSouthern Democrats nominate John BreckinridgeNorthern Democrats nominate Stephen DouglasConstitutional Union party nominates John BellLincoln is elected with less than 40% of popular votes but with nearly 60% of electoral votes.Southern secession beginsDecember 20, 1860 – South CarolinaBy February 1, 1861 – Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Texas, and LouisianaFebruary 8, 1861 – Confederate States of America is created – Jefferson Davis President
7 While running for president, Abraham Lincoln said he had no plans to abolish slavery. Why then, even before he took office, did South Carolina and 6 other southern states decide to secede?
8 The Civil War Begins, cont… Lincoln doesn’t become president until March, in the meantime President Buchanan does NOTHING!What should he have done?The First ShotsFort Sumter FallsUnion fort in Charleston Harbor, South CarolinaConfederates demand surrender of fort but Union commander refuses.Confederates bombard fort for 33 hours until surrender. No one was killed during bombardmentThe Upper South SecedesBetween April 17 and June 8, 1861 – Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, and Arkansas secede.The Border StatesKentucky, Missouri, Delaware, Maryland – slave states that don’t secede (but it was close)
9 Strengths and Weaknesses After having read “The Opposing Sides” in section 1, create an outline of the military, economic, industrial, and political positions of the North and South at the outset of the Civil War.Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the two sides in the Civil War.Using the information in your outline, write summary statements about the advantages and disadvantages held by the North and South in the conflict ahead.MilitaryEconomicIndustrialPoliticalNorthSouth
10 Strategies for Victory Now that you have analyzed the strengths and weaknesses of the North and South, you need to apply that knowledge to developing a war strategy for victory.Imagine you a general in charge of developing your countries plan for winning the war. Work with a partner to develop a strategy for victory that best utilizes the strengths of your side and exploits the weaknesses of your enemy.After you have finished your strategy, work with the rest of the team (North or South) to develop a final plan that you will recommend to the to the president.Share this final plan with the class.
11 Strategies for Victory The South’s StrategyA defensive war of attrition.Minimize casualtiesMaximize superior military skillPlan required discipline (oops)The North’s StrategyThe Anaconda PlanBlockade Confederate portsCut the Confederacy in two by controlling the Mississippi RiverCapture the Capital, Richmond VirginiaLearning Log – The Northern strategy worked but it took four years. Considering their obvious advantages, what would you have had them do to achieve a quicker victory?What could the South have done differently to achieve victory? (Think about our current wars)
12 Section 2 – Fighting the Civil War Not an easy victory.What was the goal of the war?Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation effective January 1, 1863Frees slaves in states at war with the Union.Does not address slavery in border states.Keeps Great Britain from aiding the South.Transforms the conflict over preserving the Union into a war of liberation.
13 Do a SOAPSTone of the letter in a PPt. Your Assignment Today *in pairs* (Presentations Monday)Do a SOAPSTone of the letter in a PPt.Subject (What is the letter about? Describe at least 3 main points.)Occasion (What event(s) is the letter describing?)Audience (Who is the letter written for?)Purpose (Why is the letter being written? What is the purpose?)Speaker (Who is speaking? What side does he fight for?)Tone (What is the tone of the piece? How do you know?)What impacted you the most about the letter?Choose 3 lines or phrases from the letter that left the biggest impression – include them and explain why you chose them.
14 Key Battles of the Civil War Working alone, in pairs, or in a group of three, research one of the major battles of the Civil War and prepare a slide show presentation that includes the following information about your battle: Due Friday 10-26The date of the battleThe location of the battleThe objective of the battleThe strategies used in the battleKey people in the battle (Generals, etc.)A description of the battleThe outcome of the battleThe casualties from each sideThe impact the battle had on the rest of the warA great presentation will include all the required information, plus pictures, charts, graphs, maps and any other information you can find to enhance your presentation.
15 The Battles of the Civil War First Battle of Bull Run (Battle of First Manassas)The Siege of VicksburgBattle of the Monitor and MerrimacThe Battle of GettysburgBattle of ShilohThe Battle of ChickamaugaBattle of New OrleansThe Battle of ChattanoogaThe Battle of Seven PinesThe Battle in the WildernessBattle of Harpers FerryThe Battle of Spotsylvania CourthouseBattle of AntietamThe Battle of Cold HarborThe Battle of FredericksburgThe Battle of AtlantaThe Second Battle of Bull RunGeneral Sherman’s March to the SeaThe Battle of ChancellorsvilleThe Richmond Campaign
16 The South SurrendersRobert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant on April 9, 1865, in Appomattox Courthouse, VirginiaGrant offers generous terms of surrender.Confederate soldiers won’t be prosecuted for treason.Officers could keep their side armsSoldiers could keep their horsesLincoln’s Assassination – April 14, 1865Despite warnings from his advisors, an unescorted Lincoln and his wife attend a play at Ford’s Theater.John Wilkes Booth shoots Lincoln in the back of the head.Lincoln dies the next morning.Booth and his conspirators were trying to re-ignite the war.
17 Impact of the War: Union 111,000 killed in action250,000 killed by non- military causes (mostly disease)Over 275,000 woundedEstimated cost in today’s dollars: $6.2 billion
18 Impact of the War: the Confederacy 93,000 killed in action165,000 killed by non- military causes (mostly disease)Over 137,000 woundedEstimated cost in today’s dollars: $2.12 billion
20 Section 3 - Reconstruction Lincoln had wanted reconcile the South with the Union instead of punishing it for treason.Lincoln’s assassination led to rise of “Radical Republicans”Conflict over how best to deal with former Confederate statesReconstruction brought about great political upheavalThe South’s election of former Confederate leaders to Congress caused moderate Republicans to join with Radical RepublicansSouth “punished” for causing the war
21 Section 3 - Reconstruction President Johnson Impeached13th Amendment14th Amendment15th AmendmentFreedmen’s BureauCarpetbaggers and ScalawagsBlack CodesTenant Farmers and SharecroppersRise of the KlanReconstruction ends in 1877
22 Your Reconstruction Plan You and your group are a committee set up to create a Reconstruction Plan after the Civil War. There are several issues to address when looking at this. You are to present your options to the class tomorrow. When we as a class will debate plans and create a plan that the class approves of.First your group should determine your answers to the following questions. Every person in the group must fill out this sheet to be handed in.