Presentation on theme: "Germany Germany Great Britain Great Britain Rise of Japan Rise of Japan Uneasy Peace Uneasy Peace Dawes Plan France THE GREAT DEPRESSION Recovery."— Presentation transcript:
Germany Germany Great Britain Great Britain Rise of Japan Rise of Japan Uneasy Peace Uneasy Peace Dawes Plan France THE GREAT DEPRESSION Recovery
The Treaty of Versailles was really nothing but a patch over a festering wound ◦ It did not settle the border disputes that caused WWI ◦ The industrial and mineral “heart "of Germany was occupied by France (the Ruhr Valley) ◦ French began operating the factories here to pay for the Reparations of the Treaty of Versailles
German workers went on Strike Government paid them by printing more money This lead to Inflation By 1923 in took 4 trillion German Marks to = $1.00
The German People were suffering badly American Diplomat H.W. Dawes instituted a plan: ◦ America loaned German $200 Million ◦ American investors began to help German factories ◦ Reduced reparation payment to what Germany could afford Click This Button To Go To The Germany Notes On Page 16 Click This Button To Go To The Germany Notes On Page 16
In 1925 Germany and France signed The Treaty of Locarno. It guaranteed the German Western Borders and return of the Ruhr Region Germany joined the League of Nations in 1926 Germany signed the Kellogg-Brand Act of 1928, joining 63 nations in outlawing war However, Germany was still in a lot of Economic trouble and was just starting to get better when October 1929 hit.
Just as things started to get better the Great Depression Hit As Bad as things were before they got worse Unemployment hit 42% Food riots continued throughout the country People wanted a strong leader and feared a communist take over
Depression – a time of low economic activity and high unemployment. It started in the USA, but quickly spread to Europe and then the world. American Investors pulled their money out of German Factories and effectively destroyed German production- the country could not afford to keep the factories open This started the unemployment process
To protect their own companies and jobs countries started to raise High Tariffs and lower pay for employees The global trade network shut down, things got worse This lead to more job loss, in average as high as 25% Streets started to fill with the poor and unemployed Governments did not know what to do
Post WWI it was a strong Imperial and European power In 1932 it could no longer escape the effects of the great Depression and became politically unstable In 1936 a group called the Popular Front (A workers communist group) began fighting for workers rights using Collective Bargaining ◦ This is a process of Unionization where all employees are represented by this group and receive the benefits of its work ◦ They got all French workers a 40 hour work week, two weeks of paid vacation and a minimum wage ◦ But all this did was slow down the depression, it did not solve it
Britain never really recovered from the loss of life in WWI and had a slow economy going into the Great Depression At the onset of the depression many more people lost their jobs and demand for goods sank ◦ John Maynard Keyes identified this problem and stated that the reason the depression existed was that people were not buying goods and that as soon as people started buying goods again the depression would dissipate.
He proposed that government start public works jobs ◦ Build Highways and power plants ◦ This would get people jobs and get people to buy goods ◦ Then private industry would need more employees for its factories as the people will want to buy more goods This would cause governments to take on deficit spending ◦ The spending of money that the government does not have today but will repay-itself later or going into Debt to itself
Post WWI it was in political, social and economic upheaval Politically people feared a communist take over like in Russia Economically they could not get the soldiers coming home the jobs that they needed and lead to high unemployment Socially the farming system was in chaos as many of the young men died in the war and food was a scarce resource
Post WWI was a good time for Japan Industry Increased as did trade Zaibatsu- large financial and industrial business emerged 4 of these including Mitsubishi and Honda would dominate Japanese Industry
To run these industries Japan needed more raw materials Began more trade with the USA Helped to enforce China’s “open door policy” But they wanted more
Wealth became concentrated among a few So when the Great Depression hit it caused ◦ food shortages ◦ Inflation ◦ Unemployment People called for a return to Traditional Values
In 1929 a group of Army Officers gained control of Japans political system They decide to invade all of Manchuria and make it “Japanese” They wanted to end all contact with the west and make “Asia for Asians” The people supported these military groups and expanded the role of the Military in Japan
With the invasion of Manchuria the threat of Depression did not hit Japan as hard as the rest of the world Japan then set its sites on China and prepared to wage war for more raw materials and Military greatness
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