Presentation on theme: "APUSH… How was the election of 1860 the final straw for the secession of the lower south? What choices does Lincoln have as the CSA begins taking Federal."— Presentation transcript:
APUSH… How was the election of 1860 the final straw for the secession of the lower south? What choices does Lincoln have as the CSA begins taking Federal property?
THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA Election of 1860 Southern view Secession Deep South – Slavery Upper South – States Rights Confederate States of America (C.S.A) constitution Crittenden – compromise
THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA Ft. Sumter – April. 12 1861 Symbol bombardment Volunteers “Rebellion” 75,000 for 90 days
THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA Border States North: Kentucky, Missouri, Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia South: Indiana, Arkansas, North Carolina, Virginia
BELL WORK DAY 2 1.Why were the border states key to the strategy of both sides during the Civil War? 2.What overall strategy did the South and the North take from the outset of the war… how did Bull Run shatter this idea? GENERAL TRIVIA 1.What interesting fact did could Wilmer McClean state regarding the Civil War? 2.How many places were there Civil War engagements? 3.Why were there so many casualties in the Civil War? Other interesting distinctions…
THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA: KEYS “Brothers War” Advantages: NorthSouth Population – 4:1Officers Industry 2/3Preparation AgricultureSlave Labor RailroadsDefense Naval / MerchantRural Life FleetsForeign Aid
THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA: STRATEGIES NorthSouth RichmondWashington BlockadeDefense Divide and ConquerRaids The two presidents
THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA: FIRST BULL RUN 106 * Fahrenheit Irvin McDowell – Divisions “Stonewall” Jackson Washington Picnickers End of the 90 day war
THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA From Union to Emancipation Army of the Potomac George McClellan Peninsular campaign Monitor vs. Merrimack Jackson vs. Shenandoah Valley Robert E. Lee
THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA Army of North Virginia Battles of the Seven Days McClellan’s Retreat “Offensive defense”
THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA Western Interlude Ulysses S. Grant Forts Henry and Donelson “Bloody Shiloh” – April 1862 Mississippi river – Union Gunboats
THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA 2 nd Battle of Bull Run August 1862 U.S. John Pope Question of Emancipation Antietam – September 17, 1862 Cornfield Bloody lane The Judge Emancipation Proclamation – September 22, 1862 “Forever Free”
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