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APUSH… How was the election of 1860 the final straw for the secession of the lower south? What choices does Lincoln have as the CSA begins taking Federal.

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Presentation on theme: "APUSH… How was the election of 1860 the final straw for the secession of the lower south? What choices does Lincoln have as the CSA begins taking Federal."— Presentation transcript:

1 APUSH… How was the election of 1860 the final straw for the secession of the lower south? What choices does Lincoln have as the CSA begins taking Federal property?

2 THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA  Election of 1860  Southern view  Secession  Deep South – Slavery  Upper South – States Rights  Confederate States of America (C.S.A) constitution  Crittenden – compromise

3 THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA  Ft. Sumter – April  Symbol  bombardment  Volunteers “Rebellion”  75,000 for 90 days

4 THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA  Border States  North: Kentucky, Missouri, Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia  South: Indiana, Arkansas, North Carolina, Virginia

5 BELL WORK DAY 2  1.Why were the border states key to the strategy of both sides during the Civil War?  2.What overall strategy did the South and the North take from the outset of the war… how did Bull Run shatter this idea?  GENERAL TRIVIA  1.What interesting fact did could Wilmer McClean state regarding the Civil War?  2.How many places were there Civil War engagements?  3.Why were there so many casualties in the Civil War?  Other interesting distinctions…

6 THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA: KEYS  “Brothers War”  Advantages: NorthSouth Population – 4:1Officers Industry 2/3Preparation AgricultureSlave Labor RailroadsDefense Naval / MerchantRural Life FleetsForeign Aid

7 THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA: STRATEGIES NorthSouth RichmondWashington BlockadeDefense Divide and ConquerRaids The two presidents

8 THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA: FIRST BULL RUN  106 * Fahrenheit  Irvin McDowell – Divisions  “Stonewall” Jackson  Washington Picnickers  End of the 90 day war

9 THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA  From Union to Emancipation  Army of the Potomac  George McClellan  Peninsular campaign  Monitor vs. Merrimack  Jackson vs. Shenandoah Valley  Robert E. Lee

10 THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA  Army of North Virginia  Battles of the Seven Days  McClellan’s Retreat  “Offensive defense”

11 THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA  Western Interlude  Ulysses S. Grant  Forts Henry and Donelson  “Bloody Shiloh” – April 1862  Mississippi river – Union Gunboats

12 THE DIVIDED STATES OF AMERICA  2 nd Battle of Bull Run  August 1862  U.S. John Pope  Question of Emancipation  Antietam – September 17, 1862  Cornfield  Bloody lane  The Judge  Emancipation Proclamation – September 22, 1862  “Forever Free”


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