7 ExpositionExposition: Lays the groundwork for the plot and provides the reader with essential background information.
8 Rising ActionExpositionRising Action: Complications usually arise, causing difficulties for the main characters and making the conflict more difficult to resolve.
9 ClimaxRising ActionExpositionClimax: The turning point of the action—the moment when interest and intensity reach their peak. The climax usually involves an important event, decision, or discovery that affects the final outcome.
10 Falling Action: The events after the climax. Rising ActionExpositionFalling Action: The events after the climax.
11 ClimaxFalling ActionRising ActionExpositionResolutionDẻnouement: The resolution of the story—the tangles of the plot are untied and the mysteries are solved.
12 ClimaxIn Media resFalling ActionRising ActionExpositionResolutionIn Media res: A Latin term meaning “in the middle of the action”—that is, just as an important event is about to take place. (When does the story begin?)
13 ClimaxFlashbackFalling ActionRising ActionExpositionResolutionIn Media res: Flashback—going back in time to describe events that have taken place before the story begins.
14 ClimaxForeshadowingFalling ActionRising ActionExpositionResolutionIn Media res: Foreshadowing—hint at things that might happen later in the story.
15 Another way of seeing it… .Climax?!Falling ActionRising ActionExpositionResolutionAnother way of seeing it…
16 Questions to Guide Analysis Is the plot arranged in chronological order, or does it begin In Media res?Does the plot involve a flashback? If so, what is its purpose?What is the nature of the conflict?What conditions at the outset make the situation unstable?Is the conflict external or internal?What is the high point, or climax?How is the conflict resolved? Is there no resolution—why not? What is the story inconclusive?What patterns do you find in the plot’s structure?