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Unit 2 Lesson 7 Sections 19.1 & 19.2. Identify early events in the war in Europe (strategies, battles, outcomes). Analyze reasons for American neutrality.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 2 Lesson 7 Sections 19.1 & 19.2. Identify early events in the war in Europe (strategies, battles, outcomes). Analyze reasons for American neutrality."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 2 Lesson 7 Sections 19.1 & 19.2

2 Identify early events in the war in Europe (strategies, battles, outcomes). Analyze reasons for American neutrality at the outset. Explain the events that caused America to abandon neutrality and enter WWI.

3 What events propelled Europe into war? Nationalism Imperialism Military Build Up Alliances Assassination F 2

4 Central Powers Austria-Hungary Germany Turkey Bulgaria Allied Powers Serbia Russia France Great Britain Japan Italy

5 Wilson – Neutrality Public Opinion Divided loyalties Propaganda Business Interests Investments w/ both Preparedness Peace Movement

6 Schlieffen Plan FRA 1 st (via BEL) RUS 2 nd Western Front - France Trenches Mechanized Warfare Barbed wire, machine guns, grenades, tanks, poison gas, flame- throwers, submarines, airplanes /zeppelins © Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS

7 Major Battles Marne (trench) Ypres (chlorine gas) Verdun (tanks) Somme (mass death) Jutland (naval)

8 Eastern Front –Russia Slow to mobilize, poorly armed Political divisions Major Battles Tannenburg 1917 Bolshevik Rev Lenin & Communists “peace, land, bread” 1918 Brest-Litovsk Treaty Truce w/GRM

9 Causes? Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism, Alliances Assassination FF Neutrality? Distance, Cost, Divided Sympathies, Investments German Plan? Schlieffen – FRA fast, RUS 2 nd German Reality? RUS quickly, Stalemate in FRA

10 Economic Ties to Allies Blockades, Loans German U-Boat Warfare Lusitania, Sussex Pledge Zimmerman Note MEX start war with US? Idealism “Make world safe for democracy” Declaration of War April 6, 1917

11 America in the 20 th Century: WWI – The War in Europe Part I 3E6BF-F33C-4C28-8A84-22EF80B1E4EE

12 Why do you think America was able to avoid war for 3 years?


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