Presentation on theme: "Polyarchy Contestation Scale"— Presentation transcript:
1Polyarchy Contestation Scale Adrian Wyszyński Comparative Politics 12/13
2Polyarchy Contestation Scale Michael Coppedge and Wolfgang H. Reinicke have developed a scalebased on Robert Dahl's concept of polyarchy. The scale measures thedegree to which national political systems meet the minimum requirementsfor political democracy, where real-world "democracies" rather than abstractideals are the standard. The Polyarchy and Contestation Scales measure thelevel of the contestation dimension of polyarchy in independent states. ThePolyarchy Scale is constructed from indicators of freedom of expression,freedom of organization, media pluralism, and the holding of fair elections.The scale is:1) well grounded in democratic theory,2) world-wide in scope,3) demonstrably valid,4) solves problems of weighting indicators5) easy to interpret and replicate.
3PolyarchyThe term "polyarchy" was originally coined in Dahl and Lindblom (1953), but was developed most fully in Dahl (1971). Polyarchy is defined as the set of institutional arrangements that permits public opposition and establishes the right to participate in politics. In these two respects - public contestation and inclusiveness - polyarchy is similar to the concept of democracy, so it is important to clarify at the outset the various ways in which polyarchy differs from some other conceptions of democracy.The data for 1985 are coded by Michael Coppedge and Wolfgang Reinicke, while the data for 2000 were coded by graduate and undergraduate students at the University of Notre Dame.
4CodebookSuff – Suffrage Fairelt – Fair Elections Freorg – Freedom of Organization Frext – Freedom of Expression Altinf – Alternative Sources of Information Poly – The sum of Fairelt, Freorg, Frexp and Altinf minus 4 Poly score (from 0 to 10) where: Score = 0 Perfect Scale Type ( ): Meaningful fair elections are held, there is full freedom for political organization and expression, and there is no preferential presentation of official views in the media. Score = 10 Perfect Scale Type ( ): No meaningful elections are held, all organizations are banned or controlled by the government or official party, all public dissent is suppressed, and there is no public alternative to official information.