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God and the Nations “Wherever We Flee For Help…” Isaiah 13-23 “Wherever We Flee For Help…” Isaiah 13-23.

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Presentation on theme: "God and the Nations “Wherever We Flee For Help…” Isaiah 13-23 “Wherever We Flee For Help…” Isaiah 13-23."— Presentation transcript:

1 God and the Nations “Wherever We Flee For Help…” Isaiah “Wherever We Flee For Help…” Isaiah 13-23

2  MASSA’ - “oracle” or “burden” A lifting up (of the voice), a declaration A heavy message of divine judgment Occurs ten times 13:1; 14:28; 15:1; 17:1; 19:1; 21:1, 11, 13; 22:1; 23:1  MASSA’ - “oracle” or “burden” A lifting up (of the voice), a declaration A heavy message of divine judgment Occurs ten times 13:1; 14:28; 15:1; 17:1; 19:1; 21:1, 11, 13; 22:1; 23:1 I.Structure and Purpose of the Oracles

3  Ten Oracles Against Babylon 13:1-14:27 Against Philistia 14:28-32 Against Moab 15:1-16:14 Against Damascus/Ephraim 17:1-18:7 Against Egypt 19:1-20:6 Against the Wilderness of the Sea 21:1- 10 Against Dumah 21:11-12 Against Arabia 21:13-17 Against the Valley of Vision 22:1-25 Against Tyre 23:1-18  Ten Oracles Against Babylon 13:1-14:27 Against Philistia 14:28-32 Against Moab 15:1-16:14 Against Damascus/Ephraim 17:1-18:7 Against Egypt 19:1-20:6 Against the Wilderness of the Sea 21:1- 10 Against Dumah 21:11-12 Against Arabia 21:13-17 Against the Valley of Vision 22:1-25 Against Tyre 23:1-18 I.Structure and Purpose of the Oracles

4  Ten Oracles I.Structure and Purpose of the Oracles  Four “interim fulfillments” Assyria’s destruction 14:24-27 Woe to Ethiopia, or Cush 18:1-7 Sign of Isaiah’s nakedness 20:1-6 Judgment against Shebna and Eliakim 22:15-25  Four “interim fulfillments” Assyria’s destruction 14:24-27 Woe to Ethiopia, or Cush 18:1-7 Sign of Isaiah’s nakedness 20:1-6 Judgment against Shebna and Eliakim 22:15-25

5 N W E S N S E W I.Structure and Purpose of the Oracles

6  Thematic organization: judgment to repentance  First series  Thematic organization: judgment to repentance  First series Babylon utterly destroyed 13:19-22 Philistia assured that Zion a place of refuge 14:32 Moab encouraged to seek security under Israel’s true King 16:3-5 Israel must remember God 17:10 Egypt becomes God’s people 19:16-25 Babylon utterly destroyed 13:19-22 Philistia assured that Zion a place of refuge 14:32 Moab encouraged to seek security under Israel’s true King 16:3-5 Israel must remember God 17:10 Egypt becomes God’s people 19:16-25

7 I.Structure and Purpose of the Oracles  Thematic organization: judgment to repentance  First series  Thematic organization: judgment to repentance  First series  Second series God crushes Babylonian idols 21:9 Edom asks God’s watchman for guidance 21:11 Arabians cannot find aid among men 21: Judah must repent of pride and look to God 22:11-13 Tyre uses profit to aid the Lord and His people 23:18  Second series God crushes Babylonian idols 21:9 Edom asks God’s watchman for guidance 21:11 Arabians cannot find aid among men 21: Judah must repent of pride and look to God 22:11-13 Tyre uses profit to aid the Lord and His people 23:18

8 I.Structure and Purpose of the Oracles  Theme: Surely such is our expectation, wherever we flee for help to be delivered from the king of Assyria; and how shall we escape? Isaiah 20:6  Theme: Surely such is our expectation, wherever we flee for help to be delivered from the king of Assyria; and how shall we escape? Isaiah 20:6

9 Lessons from the Oracles

10 God Is In Control  Gods sovereignty seen from outset Chapter 13 He musters His army 3 He destroys the land with His weapons 5 He punishes the world 11 It’s what He will do 13:11-22  Gods sovereignty seen from outset Chapter 13 He musters His army 3 He destroys the land with His weapons 5 He punishes the world 11 It’s what He will do 13:11-22

11 God Is In Control  Gods sovereignty seen from outset Chapter 13  The Lord thinks and it comes to pass 14:24-27  He speaks and it is so 16:13-14; 21:  Nations may rage but God chases them away like chaff or tumbleweed 17:13  The Lord thinks and it comes to pass 14:24-27  He speaks and it is so 16:13-14; 21:  Nations may rage but God chases them away like chaff or tumbleweed 17:13

12 God Is In Control  Fate of nations rests with God, not social, economic, or political conditions 19:1-15 False gods crumble before Him Vs. 1 Social stability is at His command 2-4 Dependent upon Him for our livelihood True wisdom and power only found in Him  Fate of nations rests with God, not social, economic, or political conditions 19:1-15 False gods crumble before Him Vs. 1 Social stability is at His command 2-4 Dependent upon Him for our livelihood True wisdom and power only found in Him 11-15

13 God Is In Control  Fate of nations rests with God, not social, economic, or political conditions 19:1-15  God controls the destiny of individuals 22:15-25  Neither strength, wealth, connections, nor seniority can stop God’s plan 23:8- 12  God controls the destiny of individuals 22:15-25  Neither strength, wealth, connections, nor seniority can stop God’s plan 23:8- 12

14 God’s People Can Only Trust the Almighty  Not that we shouldn't but that we cannot  Cannot trust world’s super powers Chp. 13, 19, 23  Not our neighbors 14:28-32; Chp. 15–16, 17, 23  Those from far away lands cannot protect us Chp. 18  Best of men cannot be expected to provide what God alone can give 22:  Cannot trust ourselves 13:15-16; 17:10- 11; 22:8-11  Not that we shouldn't but that we cannot  Cannot trust world’s super powers Chp. 13, 19, 23  Not our neighbors 14:28-32; Chp. 15–16, 17, 23  Those from far away lands cannot protect us Chp. 18  Best of men cannot be expected to provide what God alone can give 22:  Cannot trust ourselves 13:15-16; 17:10- 11; 22:8-11

15 God Hates Pride  Isaiah shows us the many shades of pride Babylon’s pride in military & culture Chp , 21 Moab’s arrogant nature, desiring deliverance but refusing to submit 16:6 Damascus & Ephraim’s reliance on fortifications 17:1-3 Egypt’s trust in multitude of gods, strong economy, and famous wisdom 19:1-15  Isaiah shows us the many shades of pride Babylon’s pride in military & culture Chp , 21 Moab’s arrogant nature, desiring deliverance but refusing to submit 16:6 Damascus & Ephraim’s reliance on fortifications 17:1-3 Egypt’s trust in multitude of gods, strong economy, and famous wisdom 19:1-15

16 God Hates Pride  Isaiah shows us the many shades of pride Judah’s determination to find solutions to their problems without God 22:8-11 Tyre’s pride in wealth & vast enterprise Chp. 23 Personal pride of position King of Babylon 14:12-15 Shebna 22:15-19 Judah’s determination to find solutions to their problems without God 22:8-11 Tyre’s pride in wealth & vast enterprise Chp. 23 Personal pride of position King of Babylon 14:12-15 Shebna 22:15-19

17 God Hates Pride  Isaiah shows us the many shades of pride  Judgment coming to “halt the arrogance of the proud” & “lay low the haughtiness of the terrible” 13:11  When man glories in the work of his hands it is destroyed 13:19; 16:6-10; 17:1- 3; 19:1-15; 22:15-22; 23:7-9  Pride keeps us from receiving God’s favor 16:4-7; 22:8–11, 14  Pride will condemn us 14:12-15  Judgment coming to “halt the arrogance of the proud” & “lay low the haughtiness of the terrible” 13:11  When man glories in the work of his hands it is destroyed 13:19; 16:6-10; 17:1- 3; 19:1-15; 22:15-22; 23:7-9  Pride keeps us from receiving God’s favor 16:4-7; 22:8–11, 14  Pride will condemn us 14:12-15

18 Human Effort Not Enough to Solve Human Problem  Moabites unable to find security 15:2, 8- 9; 16:1-7  Ephraim’s best efforts only bring harvest of ruins 17:10-11  Cushites buzzing around while God calmly carries out His plan 18:1-7  Egypt’s wise men never saw judgment coming 19:11-13  Jerusalem had weapons, walls, and water, only to be starved, overrun, and carried away 22:1-11  Moabites unable to find security 15:2, 8- 9; 16:1-7  Ephraim’s best efforts only bring harvest of ruins 17:10-11  Cushites buzzing around while God calmly carries out His plan 18:1-7  Egypt’s wise men never saw judgment coming 19:11-13  Jerusalem had weapons, walls, and water, only to be starved, overrun, and carried away 22:1-11

19 God Promises a Better Future  Babylon destroyed for God’s people 14:1-2  Promise of refuge in Zion 14:32  Moab invited to escape oppression 16:4-5  Promises of a remnant 17:6-8  Even the Cushites bring gifts to the Lord 18:7  Eliakim to replace Shebna 22:20-25  Message of hope for “great religious seducer” of Israel 23:17-18  Babylon destroyed for God’s people 14:1-2  Promise of refuge in Zion 14:32  Moab invited to escape oppression 16:4-5  Promises of a remnant 17:6-8  Even the Cushites bring gifts to the Lord 18:7  Eliakim to replace Shebna 22:20-25  Message of hope for “great religious seducer” of Israel 23:17-18

20 Lessons About the Judgment of God  Judgment will be just 13:11; 14:13, 17, 20; 16:6; 17:10; 22:12-14; 23:9  Judgment is inescapable Moabites fled only to be captured by lions 15:9 Damascus & Ephraim cannot hide behind walls 17:1-3 Egypt couldn’t protect itself 19:1-15 Tiny nations and far away tribes not overlooked Chp. 18; 21:11-17 God’s own people not exempt Chp. 22  Judgment will be just 13:11; 14:13, 17, 20; 16:6; 17:10; 22:12-14; 23:9  Judgment is inescapable Moabites fled only to be captured by lions 15:9 Damascus & Ephraim cannot hide behind walls 17:1-3 Egypt couldn’t protect itself 19:1-15 Tiny nations and far away tribes not overlooked Chp. 18; 21:11-17 God’s own people not exempt Chp. 22

21 Lessons About the Judgment of God  Judgment will be just 13:11; 14:13, 17, 20; 16:6; 17:10; 22:12-14; 23:9  Judgment is inescapable  Judgment will be just 13:11; 14:13, 17, 20; 16:6; 17:10; 22:12-14; 23:9  Judgment is inescapable  Judgment is be impartial Chp. 17 & 22  Judgment is a purging 17:7-8; 19:18  Judgment glorifies God Chp 18, 19, & 23  Judgment is be impartial Chp. 17 & 22  Judgment is a purging 17:7-8; 19:18  Judgment glorifies God Chp 18, 19, & 23

22 We Must Stand in Awe of the Lord of Host  Omniscient, Omnipotent, Omnipresent  No power He doesn’t control  All history is for good of His people  No hope without Him; with Him there is everlasting security  Omniscient, Omnipotent, Omnipresent  No power He doesn’t control  All history is for good of His people  No hope without Him; with Him there is everlasting security


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