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The Subjunctive with Doubt, Disbelief or Denial 13.2.

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Presentation on theme: "The Subjunctive with Doubt, Disbelief or Denial 13.2."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Subjunctive with Doubt, Disbelief or Denial 13.2

2 13.2 Subjunctive with verbs of doubt or denial Whenever a sentence express doubt or denial in the main clause, the subjunctive will be used the subordinate clause because it implies uncertainty. However, if a sentence express certainty in the main clause, the indicative will also be used in the subordinate clause  Doubt / Denial = Subjunctive No es cierto que vengan muchas personas a la fiesta  Certainty = Indicative Es cierto que vienen muchas personas a la fiesta.

3 Expressions of doubt  *Dudar  *Negar (e-ie)  *No creer / pensar  *No estar seguro/a de  *No es cierto  *No es verdad  *No es obvio  Es (im)posible  Es (im)probable  To doubt  To deny  To not believe / think  To not be sure  To not be certain  To not be true  It is obvious  To be (im)possible  To be (im)probable

4 Important notice The following verbs in their opposite form represent certainty and are followed by the indicative: SUBJUNCTIVE *Dudar *Negar (e-ie) *No creer *No estar seguro/a de *No es cierto *No es verdad INDICATIVE No dudar No negar (e-ie) Creer Estar seguro/a de Es cierto que Es verdad que

5 Wrap your mind around it If you think or believe it is certain, so  PENSAR and CREER in the affirmative form are followed by the Indicative. Pienso que es una buena idea ir al cine el Viernes. Expressions involving possibility or probability are always uncertain, so  (No) es (im)posible and (No) es (im)probable are followed by the Subjunctive. Es imposible que yo reciba un coche de Navidad.


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