- a focussed exchange of questions and answers with the objective of acquiring information
to get accurate and interesting information for your story to get the interviewee to say something that he/she isn’t prepared to say and sometimes - to say something that they may not really have thought about.
Interviews to be broadcast/published as a whole Information Interview - facts & figures about certain topics Opinion Interview - what the interviewee thinks of a specific issue,event or development Personality Interview - personality of the interviewee
Interviews as tools Research Interview – research or double-check information.Get additional infos for writing reports/commentaries Statement Interview - get an individual statement which becomes part of another jounalistic piece
Gain trust of the subject Honesty and empathy almost always work Address the subject by name in practically every sentence Eye contact GOAL: Make the interviewee relax and really TALK instead of just answering questions
Anticipate answers as part of your plan Be alert for intentional drifters - interviewees who deliberately change the focus of a question ("I'm still wondering about the original question...", "You didn't answer the question.“) Know when and how to interrupt to keep the subject from rambling Make sure that your key questions are answered Ask follow-up questions
First question should be friendly and easy Ask critical questions after you’ve established a rapport If you don’t get a direct answer, ask later in different words Politeness allows you to ask hard-nosed questions without being rude
A good question is a short one One question at a time Avoid obvious questions Avoid leading questions
Closed-ended questions Answered with simple “yes” or “no” Example: “Do you like your job?” Generally makes a bad interview Open-ended questions Provides opportunity for broad answers Example: “What do you like about your job?”
Blame someone else for the question Imply that the question is a playful one Preface the question with some praise. Use separate, apparently disconnected questions Ask the question in a matter-of-fact manner, no matter how sensible the area.
Specify the amount of time you will need Create a good first impression – it‘s critical When meeting someone for the first time, it’s better to be a little formal at the outset. Never be familiar The good interviewer listens carefully, but not passively Have a conversation
Don't be fixated on your notebook Don’t gaze at your watch showing that you’re in a rush (if you are not) Don’t interrupt when the subject is talking Don't try to shout down someone or get defensive Stupidity is a reporter’s greatest asset. So, don’t be afraid to say: “I don’t understand”
“One final question…” “Is there anything you think important which I haven’t asked?” “Who else should I speak to about this topic?” “Thanks for giving me your time and some great quotes”. Make sure you can contact the interviewee later
Double-check the information Statistics are often manipulated - be prepared to confirm all statistics with an independent source Keep in touch – like wine, a good source improves with age and occasional care.
Title: Interviews Members: Individual (in most cases help will be needed from one other person to film) Time allocated: (8) minutes (video clip) Grade: 15%
Description of task: You are taking on the role of a roving reporter. Your task is to find someone in the local community that you consider influential and important (this should not be your best friend or a fellow student). You should think about an issue or topic you would like to discuss with them. You should first design a number of questions which will uncover interesting and informative information on your chosen issue or topic.
You should then arrange an interview with them making sure they are aware you will be filming the interview. You will film the interview which will last 6 to 8 minutes long and present it in class. This means you must record your interview and bring it on a USB stick ready to show in class. This is not a live interview – you cannot bring in your person! Check your equipment before coming to class – if the sound does not work or the picture is distorted you will lose points.
Make sure you are creative, taking your direction from real reporters on the news, daily shows, documentaries and any other examples you come across in the media.