17.1 Key Terms 1) border states - Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland, and Delaware - decided to remain in the Union 2) martial law - rule by the army instead of the elected government.
A. What issues divided the nation when the war began? Southerners believed they had the right to leave the Union. They called the conflict the War for Southern Independence. Southerners wanted independence to keep their traditional way of life –including the institution of slavery. Northerners believed that they had to fight to save the Union. –“preserve the Union.” At the outset of the war, abolishing slavery was not an official goal of the North. In fact, many northerners, guided by feelings of racism, approved of slavery.
B. Who were the leaders of each side in the war? President Jefferson Davis of the Confederacy –Experience from West Point and Mexican War –Secretary of War under F. Pierce –Would have rather been fighting than leading –“Micromanager” President Abraham Lincoln of the Union –not have much experience in national politics or military matters –patient but strong leader and a fine war planner –Set up a council of advisers called “Team of Rivals”
C. What were the advantages for the North and South at the beginning of the Civil War? pp. 487-489 South 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. North 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.