Presentation on theme: "Characteristics/Associations Spider Diagram."— Presentation transcript:
Characteristics/Associations Spider Diagram
Objectives By the end of today’s lesson you will be able to: Discuss the ways in which animal imagery foreshadows the ending of the novel.
Chapter One Page 19
How does Steinbeck strike an immediate contrast between the two characters? In particular, find words within each description that are direct ‘opposites’ to each other. George and Lennie take very different approaches to drinking the water. What does each man’s approach say about his character? What do George’s first words to Lennie tell us about the relationship between the two men? What other examples of imagery (metaphors and similes) can you find in the extract? How do they give us a clearer picture of the two men and their environment? Compare the ways in which the two characters talk. How does Lennie’s grammar and sentence construction differ from George’s? What is particularly characteristic of George’s speech, especially when he ‘gets mad’?
The American Dream One of the major themes in the book is ‘The American Dream’, the hope of creating a better life. Look at the story about their farm that George and Lennie share. How does this story relate to ‘The American Dream’? Add your ideas to the image below. They could work for themselves
Find quotations on the second and third page that describe Lennie using characteristics normally associated with animals. Why do you think Steinbeck describes Lennie in this way? What happened to George and Lennie that meant they had to leave Weed? Why do you think Lennie likes hearing the story about the ranch so much? Describing Lennie
Foreshadowing What is foreshadowing? A subtle hint about something that will happen later in the book. Often a signal that warns of danger for one of the characters. A way of creating anticipation and tension for the reader. A way of making the reader want to find out what happens next. Look at the end of Section One. Can you find an example of foreshadowing here? What do you think might happen later on in the book that is being hinted at here?
Foreshadowing and Animals Steinbeck provides clues that the novel will end tragically and, in the tradition of Greek Tragedy, this outcome is inevitable from the outset. One of the unifying devices in providing the sense of tragic inevitability is the use of animals and animal imagery, in the title and in the opening.
Exam Question: Discuss Steinbeck’s use of animals/ animal imagery as a clue to the novel’s outcome.
The Title The title is faithful to Robert Burns’s poem from which it is taken. In Burns’s poem "To a mouse" we read: The best laid schemes o’ Mice and Men, Gang aft a-gley (often go wrong) An’ lea’e us nought but grief an’ pain For promis’d joy." In your discussion, you might want to consider the following: Steinbeck’s use of the alliterative “Of Mice and Men” and the context of the title in Burns’s poem The fact that the poem is about the struggle for survival of a fieldmouse The fate of the mice in the first chapter Characterisation In your discussion, you might want to consider the following: The animal imagery used to introduce Lennie and associations with that animal The powerful link between Lennie and the mice Lennie’s “blubberin’” when his mouse is thrown away Setting In your discussion, you might want to consider the following: Where George and Lennie have come from and what seems to have happened there The fact that the rabbits “hurried noiselessly for cover” The disturbance of the animals in their natural, calm environment The Theme In your discussion, you might want to consider the following: The story “about the rabbits” What immediately precedes the story “about the rabbits” The significance of the more ‘colourful’ description of the rabbits at the end of the chapter Discuss Steinbeck’s use of animals/ animal imagery as a clue to the novel’s outcome. Choose 1 area and use the bullet points as a guide to answering the question.
The Title Alliterative connection between mice and men – both subject to fate. Context of title gives biggest clue of tragedy/pessimism for the dream Struggle for survival of subject of Burns’s poem – hints strongly at vulnerability – powerful image of innocent helplessness against a much stronger force. Underlined in Lennie’s character in first chapter Simple logic. Dead mice in 1st chapter signals possible human tragedy given the novel’s title Characterisation Bear metaphor significant. Legendary strength. Bear hug – over-enthusiastic and therefore painful – pre-cursor to Curley’s wife incident. Bear-baiting is effectively the catalyst which propels the plot towards its tragic conclusion Lennie and mice both vulnerable – mice physically, Lennie emotionally Lennie’s childlike “blubberin’” when mouse is thrown away is further evidence of his emotional vulnerability, easily susceptible to exploitation Setting Mystery of events in Weed. Lennie petting girl’s dress, “jus’ wanted to pet it like it was a mouse” – trouble in the past – recurring cycle of events? Rabbits run for cover when situation becomes dangerous. Parallels with description of how “we got to hide in a irrigation ditch all day and…sneak out in the dark.” Probability of this happening again with tragic result Tranquillity of setting is deceptive. Rabbits presented as innocent, cute and playful in their natural setting, but hint of calm before the storm hallucinatory, grotesque rabbit of last chapter The Theme Rabbits’ story represents the dream that from the outset seems unrealistic Other animals used to paint picture of land ownership and self-sufficiency, but through George relating the story to the childlike Lennie, has the quality of fairytale set against struggle for survival Rabbits description at the end of chapter 1 used to eliminate possibility of any aspect of dream having any realistic meaning – fantasy world of the imagination only Discuss Steinbeck’s use of animals/ animal imagery as a clue to the novel’s outcome. Choose 1 area and use the bullet points as a guide to answering the question.