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Music and Mind I The Appeal of Music "…music remains…resistant to conventional forms of explanation” —Edward F. Kelly and Michael Grosso ♫ March 23 – May.

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Presentation on theme: "Music and Mind I The Appeal of Music "…music remains…resistant to conventional forms of explanation” —Edward F. Kelly and Michael Grosso ♫ March 23 – May."— Presentation transcript:

1 Music and Mind I The Appeal of Music "…music remains…resistant to conventional forms of explanation” —Edward F. Kelly and Michael Grosso ♫ March 23 – May 4, 2015

2 Outline of the Course I.The Appeal of Music II.The Sound of Music III.The Hearing of Music IV. The Structure of Music V.The Making of Music VI.The Power of Music 2

3 Course Website 3

4 Topics for today The Appeal of Music Examples from literature Examples from video Experience Appeal Theory: Why are some phenomena appealing? The appeal-benefit connection Benefits of music: First look (fairly obvious benefits) Aspects/Components of Music Rhythm, tone, intervals, harmony, melody, structure Properties of Sound Vibration 4

5 Topics for today The Appeal of Music Experience Examples from literature Examples from video Appeal Theory: Why are some phenomena appealing? The appeal-benefit connection Benefits of music: First look (fairly obvious benefits) Aspects/Components of Music Rhythm, tone, intervals, harmony, melody, structure Properties of Sound Vibration 5

6 The appeal of music Experience Observations from literature Evidence from video 6 “When I hear music, I fear no danger. I am invulnerable, I see no foe. I am related to the earliest times, and to the latest.” —Thoreau (1857)

7 The appeal of music Experience Observations from literature Examples from video 7 “When I hear music, I fear no danger. I am invulnerable, I see no foe. I am related to the earliest times, and to the latest.” —Thoreau (1857)

8 Observations on the Appeal and Power of Music The Boys’ Choir of Harlem (Campbell 1997: 146) Carl Jung and Margaret Tilly (Campbell 1997:169) Jazz and the ending of the Cold War (Campbell 1997: 266) 8

9 The appeal of music Experience Evidence from literature Examples from video – Benjamin Zander (6:03-20:29) Benjamin Zander – Congolese music Congolese music 9

10 Topics for today The Appeal of Music Appeal Theory: Why are some phenomena appealing? The appeal-benefit connection Benefits of music: First look (fairly obvious benefits) Aspects/Components of Music Rhythm, tone, intervals, harmony, melody, structure Properties of Sound Vibration 10

11 The appeal-benefit connection We can explain appeal by the accompanying benefits – In some cases the appeal and the benefit are one Water tastes good – water is good for us – Usually, the appeal and the benefit are separate but connected Examples: – Eating – close connection – Sex Evolutionary perspective – Disconnecting the appeal from the benefit 11

12 Benefits of music: First look (fairly obvious benefits) Group cohesion – Especially with participation in performance – Alan Lomax: Prison Work SongPrison Work Song – Secondarily, for listeners – William Benzon, Beethoven’s Anvil: Music in Mind and Culture. Basic Books, 2001 Relaxation, relief from tension 12

13 Topics for today The Appeal of Music Experience Observations from literature Examples from video Appeal Theory: Why are some phenomena appealing? The appeal-benefit connection Benefits of music: First look (fairly obvious benefits) Aspects/Components of Music Rhythm, tone, melody, harmony, structure Properties of Sound Vibration 13

14 Aspects/components of music Music is not one thing, but a composite of several – And they don’t all have to be present together Rhythm Tone – N.B.: The appeal of a single tone Melody – Prerequisite: Intervals Harmony Structure 14 More than anything else, rhythm and melody find their way to the inmost soul and take the strongest hold upon it. —Plato

15 Other composites Songs – Music with words Rap – Words with rhythm Dancing – Usually with music – Sometimes with only rhythm – Specialized form: ballet Opera – Music with words, story, sets, costumes 15

16 Topics for today The Appeal of Music Experience Observations from literature Examples from video Appeal Theory: Why are some phenomena appealing? The appeal-benefit connection Benefits of music: First look (fairly obvious benefits) Aspects/Components of Music Rhythm, tone, intervals, harmony, melody, structure Properties of Sound Vibration 16

17 Some physical properties of sound Vibration Noise vs. musical tone Frequency of vibration Cycles per second (Hertz) Audible sound begins at 16 Hz Upper limit for humans is 18,000 Hz (for some, up to 20,000) Each doubling is next higher octave 17

18 Pythagoras: Ratios and Harmonics Pythagoras (Πυθαγόρας) – Greek mathematician, philosopher, mystic – ca. 570 – ca. 495 BC Properties of vibrating strings 18

19 Ratios and Harmonics — Examples 1C1C 1/2C’ (one octave higher) 1/4C” 1/3G’ 2/3G 3/4 F 4/5E 1/5E” 1/6G” 1/7B ♭ ” 19

20 20 T h a n k s f o r y o u r a t t e n t i o n !


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