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The Cathedral at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) A discussion of the “masterpiece” of Carolingian architecture. Presented by: Kevin Bohnstedt Architecture 170.

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Presentation on theme: "The Cathedral at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) A discussion of the “masterpiece” of Carolingian architecture. Presented by: Kevin Bohnstedt Architecture 170."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Cathedral at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) A discussion of the “masterpiece” of Carolingian architecture. Presented by: Kevin Bohnstedt Architecture Architecture History I 29 November 2004 Instructor: Rolando Gonzalez, M. Arch., Architect, A. I. A.

2 The Cathedral at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) OVERVIEW – Last Roman Emperor deposed in AD 493 Over 300 years of darkness – Charlemagne ( ) King of the Franks Holy Roman Emperor Wished to establish link to the great rulers of the past – Patronage of the Arts revival of classical learning and culture key to this link

3 The Cathedral at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) THE PALACE – Why a Palace? To centralize the functions of the empire – Why Aachen? Link to Rome Central Location – Specifics on the Palace Structures Locations Fortifications “Chapel”

4 The Cathedral at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) IMPORTANT DATES – 798 earliest reference – 805 consecrated – 813 Louis the Pious crowned – 814 Charlemagne interred – 936 Otto I crowned For 600 years, 32 HRE crowned here – 1414 Choir reconstructed in Gothic style – 15 th Century several subsidiary chapels and vestibules added Changed designation to Cathedral – 1978 First German Cultural landmark added to the UNESCO world heritage site list

5 The Cathedral at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) Specifics on Chapel – Architect Otto von Metz – Dedicated to the Virgin Mary – Sizes have importance – Intricacies of the royal throne – Why was this plan chosen? – Influences in design San Vitale? Hagia Sophia? Others?

6 The Cathedral at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) San Vitale Aachen Similarities Octagonal overall shape 3 levels in the main chapel Arched main floor, galleries Great height in small area Classically Byzantine mosaic and bronze work Differences 16 sides vice 8 Central space flows up to niches with less fluidity Simplified groin vaults Towers add Westwerk Atrium vice Transept Emphasis on strongly defined spatial units vice “floating quality”

7 The Cathedral at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen)

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