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A Perfected Art: Church Polyphony in the Late Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries.

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Presentation on theme: "A Perfected Art: Church Polyphony in the Late Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Perfected Art: Church Polyphony in the Late Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries

2 Josquin des Prez (ca. 1450–1521) “Master of the notes: They must do as he wills” – Martin Luther Creator of the Ars perfecta “to which nothing can be added, after which nothing but decline is to be expected” – Henricus Glareanus (1488–1563)

3 Humanism Renewed interest in the study of Ancient texts Music as a branch of poetic eloquence

4 Dodecachordon (1547) Glareanus Recognition of four additional modes – Ionian, Hypoionian – Aeolian, Hypoaeolian

5 Josquin’s Career From 1475: chapel choir of René, King of Sicily and Duke of Anjou, in Aix-en-Provence 1489: papal choir in Rome 1502: music director for Duke Ercole d’Este, in Ferrara – Missa Hercules Dux Ferrariae – Soggetto cavato dalle vocali (theme carved out of vowels)

6 A Model Masterpiece Josquin’s Ave maria [Anthology 1-47] – Words and melody from the Annunciation sequence – Equal-voice polyphonic setting – Declamation, syntax, and semantic

7 Imitations Ludwig Senfl (ca. 1486–1543), Ave Maria …Virgo serena Antoine de Févin (ca. 1470–1512), Mass on Ave Maria … Virgo serena – Imitation Mass

8 Josquin, Benedicta es, coelorum [Anthology 1-48] – Six-voice motet based on chant sequence for the Feast of the Annunciation of the Virgin – Cantus firmus writing

9 All Is Known Ars perfecta Le istitutioni harmoniche (1558) Gioseffo Zarlino (1517–1590) Triad as “harmonia perfetta” (“The Perfect Harmony”)

10 The “Post-Josquin” Generation Jacobus Clemens (1510–1556) “Clemens non papa” – Souterliedekens 150 Psalms paraphrased into Dutch verse Metrical psalms contrafactum

11 The “Post-Josquin” Generation Adrain Willaert (1490–1562) – Benedicta es, coelorum regina (published 1545) [Anthology 1-50] – Motet

12 The New Instrumental Music ricercare Cori spezzati (split choirs)

13 Palestrina and the Ecumenical Tradition Gionvanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525–1594) – Worked in papal service under 11 successive popes – 104 complete settings of the Ordinary – Approximately 400 motets – Vesper hymns and a complete cycle of Mass Offertories – Two books of madrigals

14 Palestrina’s Missa Papae Marcelli From second book of Masses (published 1567) [Anthology 1-51a,b,c] Council of Trent

15 Palestrina’s Tui sunt coeli [Anthology 1-52] – From the book of Offertories (published 1594)

16 “Stairway to Parnassus” stile antico “old style” Gradus as Parnassum (1725) – Johann Joseph Fux (1660–1741) – Music theory treatise derived from Palestrina’s style

17 Alternatives to Perfection Henry VIII Anglican Music Church of England John Taverner (1490–1545) Thomas Tallis (1505–1585)

18 The Recusant William Byrd (1543–1623) Catholic serving in the chapel royal Cantiones quae ab argumento sacrae vocantur – Published jointly with Tallis (1575) – Motets

19 The Recusant William Byrd (1543–1623) Settings of forbidden liturgical texts Mass Ordinary settings “Agnus Dei” from Mass in Four Parts [Anthology 1-53a] “Agnus Dei” from Mass in Five Parts [Anthology 1-53b]

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