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Powering Achievement The Impact of School Libraries & Librarians on Academic Achievement.

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Presentation on theme: "Powering Achievement The Impact of School Libraries & Librarians on Academic Achievement."— Presentation transcript:

1 Powering Achievement The Impact of School Libraries & Librarians on Academic Achievement

2 Outline  Background States involved, Info Power context  Results Library predictors of academic achievement Controlling for school & community conditions  Implications Recommended actions Other research questions What you can do

3 Previous research 1950s-1980’s: largely experimental research  Librarian as teacher, co-teacher, tutor  Collections, technology, interlibrary cooperation  Library staff, budgets, teacher & principal support 1992/3: 1 st Colorado study: statistical analysis  School Match episode  “School Match Revisited” aftermath  The Big Question … and the answer

4 Information Power model Successor to earlier IP & Library Power Themes Collaboration Leadership Technology Roles Learning & Teaching Information Access & Delivery Program Administration

5 Standards-based education Standardized, norm-referenced tests  Reading tests  Library/study skills tests  Percentile rankings (grading “on the curve”) Standards-based tests  Content standards  Information literacy standards  Percent who meet or exceed standards

6 Technology  Rapid growth in availability of computers, Internet access, World Wide Web capabilities in schools  Changing nature of teacher-librarian & technology specialist jobs  Common ground: “information literacy”

7 Challenge to recent studies Take into account  Info Power/Library Power movements  Standards-based education  Technology developments Get message out beyond “the choir”  Principals, teachers  Technology specialists  Parents, students

8 Schools & libraries studied  Since 2000, 14 states AK, CO, FL, IA, IL, MA, MI, MN, MO, NC, NM, OR, PA, TX, WI … plus province of Ontario  Almost 10,000 schools  Elementary, middle and high school libraries serving an estimated 3 million students

9 What’s in it for me? 1.a leadership partner on a school-wide basis 2.instructional resources geared to the school’s curriculum and state standards 3.the teaching of information literacy 4.a bridge over the technology-curriculum divide 5.a collaborative environment that improves planning and delivery of instruction

10 A leadership partner …  A school librarian has the education, training and credentials required to be a school leader  Someone who regularly… meets with the principal, attends faculty meetings, serves on key committees, and meets with other library staff

11 Information resources …  A school librarian manages a school library program that is adequately staffed, stocked, and funded Requires planning, budgeting, reporting, and evaluation  Someone who helps students and teachers access the information they need on a flexible schedule Requires support staff

12 Teaching information literacy  Print, non-print, and electronic resources that support the school’s curriculum and the state’s standards  Information literacy—i.e., to recognize an information need and to locate, evaluate, and apply information in critical thinking to solve a problem

13 Bridging technology- curriculum divide  Selection of licensed databases and identification of authoritative free websites  Expertise in bridging gaps between students and teachers, online information, and curriculum and instruction

14 Collaborative environment  A colleague who attends conferences and meetings and brings back useful information  A facilitator of flexibly scheduled access to the school library  A collaborator with classroom teachers in design and delivery of instruction  A teacher of other teachers who creates more self-reliant users of information resources and technology

15 The latest results: sample Illinois findings  Test scores higher at schools with more: Flexible scheduling (+10-11% elem.) Library staffing (+17-18% elem., middle) Librarian/teacher collaboration (+8% elem.) Current collections (+13-14% middle) Library & other connected computers/100 (+8-11% middle) Library spending (+5% elem., +9% middle, +12% high) Circ (+11%, elem.), group visits (+9-10%, middle)

16 Controlling for other school & community conditions  School library development factor Staffing, collections, expenditures  Other school conditions Per pupil spending Teacher-pupil ratio  Community conditions Poverty (NSLP eligibility) Minority enrollment Adult educational attainment (age 25+ graduated from high school)

17 Achievement predictors ranked Ranked by percent of test score variation explained:  Poverty (NSLP eligibility): %  School library development: up to 20%, typically 5-8% Variables that don’t explain any test score variation consistently:  Adult educational attainment  Minority enrollment  Per pupil spending  Teacher-pupil ratio

18 Recommended actions  Staff school libraries with professional & support staff  Stock them with current books & licensed databases as well as networked computers  Fund them to support school’s curriculum and state’s standards  Adopt flexible scheduling  Utilize school computer network to extend library program’s reach into every classroom

19 How do you benefit from your school library?  Do you as a principal consult your librarian when making plans and decisions about your school’s teaching/learning environment?  Do you as a teacher receive the benefits of collaborating with your school librarian?  What more can you do to enable your librarian to contribute to your and your school’s success?

20 For more information…  Visit the School Library Impact Studies page on the Library Research Service website at:


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