2 Herodes Atticus Prominent Roman rhetorician Roman name: Lucius Vibullius Hipparchus Tiberius Claudius Atticus Herodes MarathoniosNone of his speeches remainRichest man in AthensSecond Sophistic Era: Herodes was thegreatest orator of the time
3 Herodes Atticus Re-built Panathenaic stadium in 144 A.D. Rebuilt in 1896 for Olympic GamesAthenians were impressed over StadiumServed as archon at Athens and consulat RomeOfficiated as the Priest of Dionysusat the Panathenaic FestivalsDied in 178 A.D. at seventy-six
4 Panathenaic StadiumWill hold Olympics in 2012Holds 80,000 people
5 Excavations of Herodes Atticus President of Iobacchoi: club-house in west valley of AcropolisAssociation to honor Bacchos, god of winePrivate estate in Kynouria, south of ArgosShows wealth in architecture, mosaics and sculptureAssociated with two demes: Kephisia and MarathonKephisia: found part of villa with burial chamber
6 Landscape and Location Southwest side of the acropolisNatural hollow auditoriumRows of seating in a perfect semi-circleEntrance for the choir and audience
7 Facts and Details Built in 161 A.D. Said by many Athenians to be “the grandest in Greece”Diameter is 80 metersCapacity of peopleCovered by a roof of cedarBuilt in memory of Herodes Atticus’ wifeFeature a marble auditoriumRaised stageNo traises of interior supports
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