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AP Art History Chapter 12 – Rome in the East The Art of Byzantium © Kevan Nitzberg.

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Presentation on theme: "AP Art History Chapter 12 – Rome in the East The Art of Byzantium © Kevan Nitzberg."— Presentation transcript:

1 AP Art History Chapter 12 – Rome in the East The Art of Byzantium © Kevan Nitzberg

2 Chronology Early Byzantine: Justinian – r Nika riots in Constantinople – 532 Belasarius captures Ravenna – 539 Heraclius defeats Persians – 627 Arabs besiege Constantinople – Iconoclasm: Leo III prohibits image making – 726 Ravenna falls to the Lombards – 751 Middle Byzantine: Restoration of images – 843 Basil I – r (founder of Macedonian Dynasty) Basil II – r (revival of Byzantine power) Schism between Byzantine and Roman churches – 1054 Norman conquest of Sicily – Seljuk Turks capture Byzantine Asia Minor – 1073 First Crusade – Fourth Crusade and the Frankish Conquest – Late Byzantine: Michael VIII Palaeologus recaptures Constantinople from the Franks – 1261 Ottonian Turks capture Constantinople, end of Byzantine Empire

3 Map of Europe and the Byzantine Empire – ca. 1000

4 Justinian as world conqueror – mid 6 th century

5 Detail of Justinian and beardless Christ

6 St. Michael the Archangel, right leaf of a diptych – early 6 th century

7 Anthemius of Tralles and Isidsorus of Miletus: Hagia Sophia Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey –

8 Alternate view of Hagia Sophia from the south

9 Interior view of Hagia Sophia

10 Interior view of Hagia Sophia facing southwest

11 Longitudinal section and plan of Hagia Sophia

12 San Vitale Ravenna, Italy –

13 Alternate view of San Vitale

14 Plan of San Vitale

15 Interior of San Vitale – view from the apse to the choir

16 Choir and apse of San Vitale with mosaic of Christ between two angels, St. Vitalis and Bishop Ecclesius Ravenna, Italy –

17 Justinian, Bishop Maximianus and attendants, mosaic from the north wall of the apse San Vitale Ravenna, Italy – ca. 547

18 Theodora and attendants, mosaic from the south wall of the apse San Vitale Ravenna, Italy – ca. 547

19 Saint Apollinaris amid sheep, apse mosaic – Sant’Apollinaris in Classe Ravenna, Italy – ca

20 Alternate view of apse mosaic from Sant’Apollinaris in Classe

21 Transfiguration of Jesus – apse mosaic Church of the Virgin, monastery of St. Catherine Mount Sinai, Egypt – ca

22 Ascension of Christ, folio 13 verso of the Rabbula Gospels Zagba, Syria - 586

23 Virgin (Theotokos) and Child between Saints Theodore and George Monastery of St. Catherine – 6 th or early 7 th century

24 Virgin (Theotokotos) and Child enthroned – apse mosaic Hagia, Sophia, Constantinople, Turkey Dedicated 867

25 Monastery churches at Hosios Loukas, Greece Katholikon (left): 1 st quarter of the 11 th century / Church of the Theotokos 2 nd half of the 10 th century

26 Plans of the Church of the Theotokos (top) And Katholikon (bottom)

27 Interior of Katholikon (view facing east)

28 Christ as Pantokrater Dome mosaic in the Church of the Dormition Daphni, Greece – ca

29 Crucifixion mosaic in the Church of the Dormition Daphni, Greece – ca

30 Interior of St. Mark’s (view facing east) Venice, Italy – begun 1063

31 Exterior view of St. Mark’s

32 Pantokrator, Theotokos and Child, angels and saints apse mosaic in the cathedral at Monreale, Italy – ca

33 Empress Irene, detail of the Pula D’Oro, St. Mark’s Venice, Italy – ca. 1105

34 Christ enthroned with saints (Harbaville Triptych) ca. 950

35 Lamentation over the Dead Christ wall painting Saint Pantaleimon, Nerezi, Macedonia

36 David composing the Psalms, folio of the Paris Psalter ca

37 Virgin (Theotokos), and Child, icon (Vladmir Virgin) late 11 th – early 12 th century

38 Church of Saint Catherine Thessaloniki, Greece – ca. 1280

39 Anastasis, apse fresco in the parekklesion of Christ in Chora Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey – ca

40 Christ as Savior of Souls, icon from the church of Saint Clement Ohrid, Macedonia – early 14 th century

41 Annunciation, reverse of two sided icon from church of Saint Clement Ohrid, Macedonia – early 14 th century

42 Andrei Rublyev: Three angels (Old Testament Trinity) ca. 1410

43 Large sakkos of Photius ca. 1417

44 Comparison Section

45 Empress Irene (Fig ) Theodora from San Vitale (Fig ) Compare the image of Empress Irene from the Pala d’Oro with the mosaic of Theodora from San Vitale. What charcteristics identify them both as Byzantine?

46 Annunciation (Fig ) Anastasis (Fig ) What stylistic features of the Annunciation from Ohrid, Macedonia link the image to the Byzantine style as seen in the fresco from the chapel of the Church of Christ in Chora in Istanbul (Anastasis)?

47 Paris Psalter (Fig ) Rublyev’s Old Testament Trinity (Fig ) Ixion Room in Pompeii (Fig ) Compare the scenes from the Paris Psalter and Rublyev’s Old Testament Trinity with the classical painting from the Ixion Room in Pompeii. What similarities and what differences do you see? Note the way the space is depicted and the way the figures are modeled. What features of the Paris Psalter show the influence of classical painting?


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