2 Chronology Early Byzantine: 527-725 Justinian – r. 527-565 Nika riots in Constantinople – 532Belasarius captures Ravenna – 539Heraclius defeats Persians – 627Arabs besiege Constantinople –Iconoclasm:Leo III prohibits image making – 726Ravenna falls to the Lombards – 751Middle Byzantine:Restoration of images – 843Basil I – r (founder of Macedonian Dynasty)Basil II – r (revival of Byzantine power)Schism between Byzantine and Roman churches – 1054Norman conquest of Sicily –Seljuk Turks capture Byzantine Asia Minor – 1073First Crusade –Fourth Crusade and the Frankish Conquest –Late Byzantine:Michael VIII Palaeologus recaptures Constantinople from the Franks – 1261Ottonian Turks capture Constantinople, end of Byzantine Empire
3 Map of Europe and the Byzantine Empire – ca. 1000
45 Compare the image of Empress Irene from the Pala d’Oro with the mosaic of Theodora from San Vitale. What charcteristics identify them both as Byzantine?Theodora from San Vitale (Fig )Empress Irene (Fig )
46 What stylistic features of the Annunciation from Ohrid, Macedonia link the image to the Byzantine style as seen in the fresco from the chapel of the Church of Christ in Chora inIstanbul (Anastasis)?Anastasis (Fig )Annunciation (Fig )
47 Rublyev’s Old Testament Compare the scenes from the Paris Psalter and Rublyev’s Old Testament Trinity with theclassical painting from the Ixion Room in Pompeii. What similarities and what differencesdo you see? Note the way the space is depicted and the way the figures are modeled. Whatfeatures of the Paris Psalter show the influence of classical painting?Paris Psalter (Fig )Rublyev’s Old TestamentTrinity (Fig )Ixion Room in Pompeii (Fig )
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