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Using active and passive voice What are active and passive voice? Active voice Passive voice Retained object Uses of active and passive voice Active-voice.

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Presentation on theme: "Using active and passive voice What are active and passive voice? Active voice Passive voice Retained object Uses of active and passive voice Active-voice."— Presentation transcript:

1 Using active and passive voice What are active and passive voice? Active voice Passive voice Retained object Uses of active and passive voice Active-voice verbs Passive-voice verbs Review A Review B

2 What are active and passive voice? Like people, verbs can be Harry tosses the ball. active or passive Phil has been hit by a snowball. Jim is confused by the question. Jill fell in the mud.

3 What are active and passive voice? Voice is the form a verb takes to show whether the subject of the verb... performs the action or receives the action The meal is prepared by Chef Tanaka. Subject Verb Subject Verb Chef Tanaka prepares the meal.

4 When the subject of a verb performs the action, the verb is in the active voice. What are active and passive voice? Active voice The tornado damaged many homes in the area. The subject tornado performs the action of damaging. Subject Active-voice verb

5 Carol has adopted the puppy. What are active and passive voice? Active voice A transitive verb in the active voice has a direct object, which tells who or what receives the action.transitive verbdirect object Carol has adopted the puppy. Verb Direct object The subject Carol performs the action. The direct object puppy receives the action.

6 A transitive verb has an object—a word that tells who or what received the action. What are active and passive voice? Transitive verbs An intransitive verb does not have an object. Everyone cheered the football team during the championship game. Object Transitive verb The gorilla roared. Intransitive verb The object team receives the action of cheered.

7 A direct object is a noun, pronoun, or word group that tells who or what receives the action of a verb or shows the result of the action. Dan measured the board carefully. board What are active and passive voice? Direct objects measured what? board Direct object Verb

8 What are active and passive voice? Passive voice When the subject of a verb receives the action, the verb is in the passive voice. Many homes in the area were damaged by the tornado. The subject homes receives the action of being damaged. Subject Passive-voice verb

9 What are active and passive voice? Passive voice Passive voice constructions include form of be+past participle werereturned Other helping verbs may also be included. form of be+past participle havereturned helping verb+ been

10 What are active and passive voice? Passive voice Passive voice constructions include a form of be, the past participle of the verb, and sometimes other helping verbs.form of be Form of be Past participle The paintings were returned to the museum. Form of be Past participle The paintings have been returned to the museum. Helping verb

11 What are active and passive voice? Passive voice The following forms of be can be used to create the passive voice. Forms of Be amareiswas werebebeenbeing

12 The puppy has been adopted. What are active and passive voice? Passive voice A verb in the passive voice does not have a direct object. The puppy has been adopted. Subject The subject puppy receives the action. Passive- voice verb

13 What are active and passive voice? Passive voice Sometimes a verb in the passive voice is followed by a prepositional phrase that begins with by and tells who or what performs the action. His watch was repaired. The prepositional phrase tells you that a jeweler performed the action of repairing. by a jeweler. Prepositional phrase Passive-voice verb

14 What are active and passive voice? Passive voice Sometimes, a passive sentence does not indicate the performer of the action. The Hoover Dam was built in the 1930s. The performer of the action is not given. Passive-voice verb

15 What are active and passive voice? Retained object When a sentence in the active voice has both an indirect object and a direct object... Ms. Cook gave each student a folder. either object can become the subject when the sentence is put in the passive voice. Indirect object Active-voice verb Direct object Each student was given a folder (by Ms. Cook). Subject Passive-voice verb A folder was given to each student (by Ms. Cook). Subject Passive-voice verb

16 When an active sentence with both a direct and an indirect object is put in the passive voice, the object that does not become the subject serves as the retained object. What are active and passive voice? Retained object Ms. Cook gave each student a folder. Indirect object Direct object Active voice Each student was given a folder. Subject Retained object Passive voice

17 1.Oliver has borrowed several books from the library. For each sentence, tell whether the verb is in the active or passive voice. If a sentence has a retained object, identify it. 2.Important data was gathered during the expedition. 3.Before nap time, the children were read a story. What are active and passive voice?

18 Active voice The subject, Oliver, performs the action of borrowing. What are active and passive voice? For each sentence, tell whether the verb is in the active or passive voice. If a sentence has a retained object, identify it. 1.Oliver has borrowed several books from the library.

19 What are active and passive voice? Passive voice The subject, data, receives the action of the verb. For each sentence, tell whether the verb is in the active or passive voice. If a sentence has a retained object, identify it. 2.Important data was gathered during the expedition.

20 What are active and passive voice? Passive voice The subject, children, receives the action of the verb. In this sentence, story is the retained object. For each sentence, tell whether the verb is in the active or passive voice. If a sentence has a retained object, identify it. 3.Before nap time, the children were read a story.

21 [End of Section] Rewrite each sentence in the voice shown before the item number. (active)1.The movie review was edited by Lenny. (passive)2.Our entire class signed the letter. (passive)3.My grandfather planted this garden. (active) 4.The bike has been repaired by my older sister. (active) 5.The tennis tournament was won by Tyler. (active)6.We were given a tour by Ms. Hendrix. On Your Own What are active and passive voice?

22 Rewrite each sentence in the voice shown before the item number. (active)1.The book review was edited by Lenny. (passive)2.Our entire class signed the letter. (passive)3.My grandfather planted this garden. (active) 4.The bike has been repaired by my older sister. (active) 5.The chess tournament was won by Tyler. (active)6.We were given a tour by Ms. Hendrix. What are active and passive voice? Answers Ms. Hendrix gave us a tour. The letter was signed by our entire class. Lenny edited the movie review. My older sister has repaired the bike. Tyler won the tennis tournament. This garden was planted by my grandfather.

23 Uses of active and passive voice Active-voice verbs emphasize the action and the performer of the action. The optician adjusted the eyeglasses. Active voice Emphasis on the optician and the adjusting The eyeglasses were adjusted by the optician. Passive voice Emphasis on the eyeglasses, which receive the action Passive-voice verbs emphasize the receiver of the action.

24 Uses of active and passive voice Active-voice verbs Writers prefer the active voice because it is more forceful and more direct. The group has reached a decision. Active voice Forceful and direct A decision has been reached by the group. Passive voice Not very forceful or direct

25 Uses of active and passive voice Active-voice verbs The active voice is also more concise than the passive voice. Since active-voice verbs take fewer words, they sound less awkward. Gina asked me to go to the game. Active voice Clear and concise Passive voice Awkward sounding I was asked by Gina to go to the game.

26 Weak (passive voice) Better (active voice) Awkward (passive voice) Better (active voice) Uses of active and passive voice Passive-voice verbs In general, you should avoid using the passive voice since sentences in the passive voice can sound awkward and weak. A special bone was given to the dog by the little boy. The lawn will be mowed this weekend by Cynthia. The little boy gave the dog a special bone. Cynthia will mow the lawn this weekend.

27 Uses of active and passive voice Passive-voice verbs The passive voice does have its place, though. Use the passive voice when you do not know who performed the action Three microscopes have been taken from the science lab. Appropriate passive voice The writer does not know who took the microscopes.

28 Uses of active and passive voice Passive-voice verbs Use the passive voice when you do not want to reveal the performer of the action Several flat notes were hit during the opening number. Appropriate passive voice The writer does not want to say who hit the flat notes.

29 Uses of active and passive voice Passive-voice verbs Use the passive voice when you want to emphasize the receiver of the action rather than the performer Lasers are used in communication, industry, and medicine. Appropriate passive voice The writer wants to emphasize the lasers, not who is using them.

30 Several key pieces of evidence were left at the crime scene. These clues have been studied thoroughly by detectives. Some software programs can check your writing for verbs in the passive voice. Uses of active and passive voice Passive-voice verbs

31 Keep in mind: The program cannot tell you why you used the passive voice. If you used it for a good reason, don’t try to change it to active voice. Uses of active and passive voice Passive-voice verbs Several key pieces of evidence were left at the crime scene. These clues have been studied thoroughly by detectives. Detectives have studied these clues thoroughly.

32 1.Old medical instruments are collected by my cousin Maria. For each sentence, tell whether the verb is in the active or passive voice. If the sentence is in the passive, tell whether the passive voice is appropriate. 2.We have visited that museum before. 3.The fire station on the town square was built in Uses of active and passive voice

33 1.Old medical instruments are collected by my cousin Maria. Passive voice The subject, instruments, receives the action of the verb. Passive voice is awkward in this sentence. The sentence would sound better in the active voice: My cousin Maria collects old medical instruments. Uses of active and passive voice For each sentence, tell whether the verb is in the active or passive voice. If the sentence is in the passive, tell whether the passive voice is appropriate.

34 Uses of active and passive voice Active voice The subject, We, performs the action of the verb. 2.We have visited that museum before. For each sentence, tell whether the verb is in the active or passive voice. If the sentence is in the passive, tell whether the passive voice is appropriate.

35 Uses of active and passive voice Passive voice The subject, fire station, receives the action of the verb. The passive voice is appropriate in this sentence. The emphasis is on the fire station, not on who built it. 3.The fire station on the town square was built in For each sentence, tell whether the verb is in the active or passive voice. If the sentence is in the passive, tell whether the passive voice is appropriate.

36 [End of Section] Identify each verb as active or passive voice. Rewrite each weak passive-voice sentence in the active voice. If the passive voice is appropriate, leave the sentence as is. _____ 1.The chickens are being fed by the farmer. _____ 2.A lovely plant has been left on my doorstep! _____ 3.The manager had hung a large, colorful poster in the store window. _____ 4.The chapter on oceans was carefully read by Tim. _____ 5.My brother has been sending me letters from college. On Your Own Uses of active and passive voice

37 Identify each verb as active or passive voice. Rewrite each weak passive-voice sentence in the active voice. If the passive voice is appropriate, leave the sentence as is. _____ 1.The chickens are being fed by the farmer. _____ 2.A lovely plant has been left on my doorstep! _____ 3.The manager had hung a large, colorful poster in the store window. _____ 4.The chapter on oceans was carefully read by Tim. _____ 5.My brother has been sending me letters from college. Uses of active and passive voice Answers okay active passive The farmer is feeding the chickens. Tim carefully read the chapter on oceans.

38 Review A For each sentence, tell whether the boldfaced verb is in the active or the passive voice. 1.The choir director immediately noticed Linda’s excellent singing voice. 2.Dr. Julia Gold is respected by her colleagues. 3.The missing money was replaced in the middle of the night. 4.Our group will perform a skit about the founding of the Jamestown settlement. 5.Has the basketball team really been practicing for two hours?

39 4.Our group will perform a skit about the founding of the Jamestown settlement. 1.The choir director immediately noticed Linda’s excellent singing voice. Review A For each sentence, tell whether the boldfaced verb is in the active or the passive voice. 2.Dr. Julia Gold is respected by her colleagues. 3.The missing money was replaced in the middle of the night. active passive 5.Has the basketball team really been practicing for two hours? active

40 Review B [End of Section] _____1.We were hoping for clearer skies for the weekend. _____2.Special effects are often used to create excitement in Hollywood blockbusters. _____3.The test results were told to us by the principal. _____4.Bill has carefully reviewed the chapter on constitutional amendments. _____5. The halftime show was enjoyed by the crowd. Identify each sentence as active or passive voice. Rewrite each weak passive-voice sentence in the active voice. If the passive voice is appropriate, leave the sentence as is.

41 _____1.We were hoping for clearer skies for the weekend. _____2.Special effects are often used to create excitement in Hollywood blockbusters. _____4.Bill has carefully reviewed the chapter on constitutional amendments. _____5. The halftime show was enjoyed by the crowd. _____3.The test results were told to us by the principal. Review B Identify each sentence as active or passive voice. Rewrite each weak passive-voice sentence in the active voice. If the passive voice is appropriate, leave the sentence as is. okay active The principal told us the test results. passive active passive The crowd enjoyed the halftime show.

42 The End


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