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Chapter 6 Vocal Music. The Uniqueness of Voice  Voice part of individual’s personality; many factors shape and refine one’s performance  timbre, register,

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 Vocal Music. The Uniqueness of Voice  Voice part of individual’s personality; many factors shape and refine one’s performance  timbre, register,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 6 Vocal Music

2 The Uniqueness of Voice  Voice part of individual’s personality; many factors shape and refine one’s performance  timbre, register, culture, style of music  Vocal Ranges RegisterFemaleMale HighestColoraturaCountertenor HighSopranoTenor MidMezzo-sopranoBaritone LowContraltoBass

3 Marian Anderson  Grew up in Philadelphia singing in church choirs  Studied music and achieved great renown in Europe  Suffered from great racial prejudice back in US  Refused permission to perform at prestigious concert hall in Washington, DC  1 st Lady Eleanor Roosevelt arranged for concert to be held at Lincoln Memorial

4 Andrea Bocelli  Italian Tenor  Born in Tuscany and began singing at early age  Went blind after being hit in head by ball  Graduated from law school, but chose to pursue music career instead  One of several famous crossover tenors

5 Crossover – Opera and Pop  Trained opera singers moving into pop music market  Charlotte Church  Records sales topping 10 million albums  By age 14, had performed for many heads of state  Youngest solo artist to have a record in Top 30

6 Voices in Your School Community  Most high schools have choirs  Concert choir, show choir, jazz choir, gospel choir, etc.  Can bring school sense of pride, accomplishment, and enjoyment  Musical textures  Polyphonic – independent melodies that stand alone  Homophonic – melody supported by harmonic accompaniment  Monophonic – melody without accompaniment or harmony

7 Using Your Voice to Express Yourself  Some of humanity’s most profound thoughts expressed through music  Performing both exhilarating and demanding  Develop control and confidence  Must be certain of high level of musical quality  Great deal of practice and repetition until piece of music is mastered

8 Audiation  Musicians audiate before performance  Hear music in your “mind’s ear”  Composers think sounds before writing them down  Internalize pitches and rhythms of a melody

9 Singing A Capella  Singing without instrumental accompaniment  From Latin phrase meaning “as in the chapel”  Early days of Christian Church when no instruments allowed and singing only unaccompanied

10 The Art of Vocal Performance  Culture Influences the Voice  Each culture has own style of singing they find pleasing to the ear  Vocal timbres reflect sound of a country’s language  Function of music varies from culture to culture  Bel Canto Style  Operatic singing style  Italian for “beautiful singing”

11 The Art of Vocal Performance (cont.)  Blues Style  Vocal timbre reflects sense of sadness  Originated in African American spirituals and work songs  Simple and direct; expression of life’s painful experiences and the reasons for them  First popularized by WC Handy

12 12-Bar Blues  harmonic pattern of 12 measures that repeats  Three chords based on the tonic, subdominant, and dominant  Chords numbered by the pitches of the scale using Roman numerals  chord I built on 1 st pitch of scale, chord V built on 5 th pitch, and so forth…  Assists improvisers since they always know what’s coming next

13 Vocabulary  Registers – vocal ranges  Range – the distance in pitch between the lowest and highest pitches of the voice  Coloratura – the soprano voice that is light and flexible enough to perform rapid scales and trills  Soprano – the high female register  Mezzo-soprano – the intermediate female voice that sings in the lower part of the soprano range  Contralto – a low female register with a full, rich, dark, and powerful quality

14 Vocabulary (cont.)  Countertenor – the highest male voice with a falsetto range and quality and a register in the female alto range  Tenor – the high male range with a powerful, ringing quality  Baritone – the intermediate male voice  Bass – a lower male register with a rich, robust, resonant, and full quality  Audiation – the capacity to think sound  A capella – singing without instrumental accompaniment

15 Vocabulary (cont.)  Bel canto – a style caracterized by lyrical and flowing phrases, beauty of vocal color, and brilliant technique  Blues – a genre of African American music that often expresses frustration, sadness, or longing  Blue notes – selected pitches, usually on the third and seventh degrees of the scale, whose intonation is altered at the discretion of the performer


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