Presentation on theme: "Broadwater School History Department 1 A palace for God’s kingdom Why build a cathedral? CathedralThe home church of a Bishop.. BishopThe churchman responsible."— Presentation transcript:
Broadwater School History Department 1 A palace for God’s kingdom Why build a cathedral? CathedralThe home church of a Bishop.. BishopThe churchman responsible to a large group of parishes. ChapterGroup of people who run a cathedral. Choir / ChancelPart of the church where the Priest conducted the service. NavePart of the church for the congregation. MasonSkilled worker of stone. Page 121 Questions The cathedral is made of concrete / stone and glass. So many parts of the Cathedral pointed to the sky because it was built to worship God / impress God / show of Exeter’s achievement. (select all right ones)
Broadwater School History Department 2 1aIf the Choir is built first, then services can begin quite son. bIf the Nave is begun first, people will be able to shelter. 2aPilgrims will mean visitors and visitors mean money. bThey might refuse an order. 3a You might not get enough money. bYou can’t afford all of the money. cImmediate cash for no cost. dCovers all possible ways, so maximum income. 4aBetter work, better cathedral, attract donations, but costly. bCheapest, but might not do the job properly. 5aHuge cost involved, but would maintain interest and get a quick return. bPeople will lose interest, so donations might dry up. 6aWill you be able to stop them? Do you rely on their goodwill? bWho is paying for the work and God must be taken seriously! A palace for God’s kingdom Why build a cathedral?
Broadwater School History Department 3 Step 2 1.Which part of the building should be built first? They decided to build the Choir / Nave first. 2.How will you get the people of Exeter to support the changes? By building a Lady Chapel / Lavatory and putting relics / remains on show, because this would attract pilgrims / preachers to Exeter. 3.How will you raise the money? The Bishop and Chapter decided to give / not give money. They expected donations from rich merchants and thought of the idea of selling pardons / absolutions. Leave three lines to add extra information in Step 4! A palace for God’s kingdom The Plans are Made
Broadwater School History Department 4 A palace for God’s kingdom The Building Begins Page 124 Questions In the picture I can see people sawing / cutting stone into blocks, carrying stone and water /mortar up a ladder, using a crane to lift stone blocks and cementing the blocks at the top of the wall. I can also see figures watching them from the roof. I think these people are supposed to be priests / angels. The work is dangerous because the people were high up / low down, they had to climb steps / ladders carrying heavy / light weights.
Broadwater School History Department 5 Step 3 4.Who should be the master mason? The Chapter decided to employ a skilled / unskilled master mason. Leave four lines to add more information in Step 4! 5.How quickly should the work be done? After twenty / forty years, the Cathedral seemed to be finished. A palace for God’s kingdom The Building Begins
Broadwater School History Department 6 A palace for God’s kingdom The Greatest Challenge Step 4 3.How will you raise the money? Bishop Stapleton and other priests gave £1900 / £19,000,000 to extend the cathedral. When he died Bishop Stapleton left a massive sum of money to the cathedral. 4.Who should be the mason. Thomas of Oxford /Whitney, the best mason in England, was employed to turn Exeter into a cruciform (cross-shaped) cathedral.
Broadwater School History Department 7 A palace for God’s kingdom The Greatest Challenge Step 5 3.Should the Masons carve picture jokes? The masons were / were not allowed to carve them in the Nave / Chancel because it was the people’s part of the church. Answer the page 126 Questions. a.The cathedral was begun in 1270 and finished in 1348, which was 68 / 78 / 88 years. b. There were three / four / five bishops involved. c. There were three / four master masons involved. d. It took so long to rebuild the cathedral because it was so large / small, because all of the work was done by machine / hand and because it took time to raise all of the money / planning permission.