Presentation on theme: "The Gothic Cathedral, Dante’s Divine Comedy and Gothic Music"— Presentation transcript:
1The Gothic Cathedral, Dante’s Divine Comedy and Gothic Music Sacred GeometryThe Gothic Cathedral, Dante’s Divine Comedy and Gothic Music
2God the Geometer The Geometry of the Cosmos Numbers and Christian SymbolismThe School of Chartres and Plato’s Timaeus
3The Age of Synthesis Scholasticism The Interconnectedness of Life Divine PlanSocial OrderChurch OrderVisionObservableHiddenSymbolic
4Abbot Suger and St. Denis “[t]he entire sanctuary is thus pervaded by a wonderful and continuous light entering through the most sacred windows....The work which nobly shines makes our minds shine so that they may go through the true lights to the true light, where Christ is the true door.”The new architectureRibbed groin vaultsFlying ButtressesPointed archesArcade above the nave and choir colonnadesThe introduction of stained glass, “garnished with all manner of precious stones” (Revelation 21:19).
9Chartres Cathedral West Facade Application of the Golden Mean to the façade as a whole.Tripartite division: tower and doors.Tripartite division: doors, lancets and rose window.Three doors and three lancets with larger central door/window.
11Central Portal: Last Judgment Observer leaves physical world behindVisionary image of Christ in mandorlaFour symbols of the Evangelists12 Disciples with Enoch and Elias
12North Portal Ascension or Christ Before Creation Labors of the Month (Harvesting and Pruning the Vine) and Signs of the Zodiac (Cancer and Aries)
13South Portal Portal of the Virgin Tympanum and Lintel New prominence of the VirginMary as emblem of purityTympanum and LintelVirgin EnthronedPresentation of Jesus in the TempleAnnunciation, Visitation and NativityShepherd and tension between Man as corrupt and goodness of Creation
14South Portal, Voussoirs Seven Liberal Arts as women on the outside.Bearded men as philosophers associated with eachPythagors and Music; Donatus and GrammarDependence of secular learning on divine wisdomImportant enough to be included in theological image
15Frieze of Capitals Life of Jesus Entry into Jerusalem Betrayal Entombment
28Dante degli Alighieri, 1265-1321 Florentine poetExplored theme of Love in poets to BeatriceExiled from Florence in 1301 and never returnedComposed the Divine Comedy, an epic poem, in Tuscan Italian elevating the latter as an important language and the former as the standard
29Formal Structure of the Divine Comedy Three canticas of 33 cantos each plus an additional introductory canto for the first canticaComposed in terza rima, 3-line verses, each line 11 syllables long with a rhyme scheme, ABA BCB CDC that ties the verses to each other and compels forward movement.
30Content Structure of the Divine Comedy Epic journey from Inferno to Purgatorio and finally ParadisoInferno consists of 9 circles in which each condemned receives appropriate torture.Purgatorio with 7 terraces each associated with one of the deadly sins.Paradiso comprised of nine spheres of Heaven.Begins his journey on Holy Thursday 1300 guided by Vergil, author of the AeneidEnters Paradiso with the help of Beatrice
31Dante holding a copy of his Divine Comedy in a painting by Michelini