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Lord of the Flies by William Golding

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1 Lord of the Flies by William Golding
Created by Elyse Rhodes

2 Civilized Vs. Barbaric Civilized having an advanced or humane culture, society, etc. polite; well-bred; refined. of or pertaining to civilized people: The civilized world must fight ignorance. easy to manage or control; well organized or ordered: The car is quiet and civilized, even in sharp turns. Barbaric without civilizing influences; uncivilized; primitive: barbaric invaders. of, like, or befitting barbarians: a barbaric empire; barbaric practices. crudely rich or splendid: barbaric decorations.

3 William Gerald Golding
Born in Cornwall, England in 1911 Educated at Oxford University Joined the Royal Navy in 1940 1st novel, Lord of the Flies, was published in 1954 He became a teacher and an author after WWII 1983 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature He died in 1993

4 Lord of the Flies ~ Setting A deserted island in the Pacific w/ NO grown-ups!

5 Lord of the Flies ~ Ralph
Protagonist Age 12 Light skinned and muscular Daddy is in the Navy He is elected Chief He represents DEMOCRACY He found the conch

6 Lord of the Flies ~ Piggy
He is short and chubby He wears glasses and has asthma Both of his parents are deceased and he was raised by his overprotective aunt He is the most intelligent boy on the island His glasses are used to start the fire He is an outcast who is mercilessly picked on by the other boys Piggy is killed by Roger

7 Lord of the Flies ~ Jack Merridew
Antagonist Head of the choir He is tall, thin and bony He has read hair, blue eyes and freckles He is ugly He is obsessed with hunting and killing He represents DICTATORSHIP

8 Lord of the Flies ~ Simon
Member of the choir Has fainting spells Nice to the “littluns” Helpful Has a secret fort/cave Is brutally murdered by the entire group of savages re-enacting the pig hunt

9 Lord of the Flies ~ Roger
Small shifty boy No one knew him prior to the plane crash He keeps to himself He is quiet and secretive Mysterious Roger murders Piggy

10 Lord of the Flies ~ Sam and Eric
Identical twins They are blonde, chunky and lively They seem to do everything at the same time, including breathe They become “one” person on the island and are referred to as “Samneric” by the others

11 The Lord of the Flies “Kill the pig. Cut her throat. Spill her blood.”
“Kill the pig. Cut her throat. Bash her in.” Peace offering to the “beastie” Simon visualizes the pig head telling him that the other boys will kill him

12 “The Sound of the Shell” Chapter 1
A plane load of young British school boys crash lands on a deserted island in the Pacific There is a war going on - WWII The conch is found ~ “We can use this to call the others. Have a meeting. They’ll come when they hear us ---” Ralph is elected Chief Jack hesitates and does not kill the pig that is tangled in the vines

13 “Fire on the Mountain” Chapter 2
The conch shell will be used at meetings to determine who will speak The “beastie” is introduced by the little boy with the mulberry colored birthmark ~ “He wants to know what you’re going to do about the snake thing.” The boys build a signal fire using Piggy’s glasses They accidentally set the jungle on fire A “littlun” is missing

14 “Huts on the Beach” Chapter 3
Ralph and Simon build huts for shelter on the beach Jack hunts for pigs ~ “All you can talk about is pig, pig, pig!” Ralph and Jack argue about the importance of building shelter vs. hunting for meat Simon finds a hidden fort in the jungle where he can go and be alone

15 “Painted Faces and Long Hair” Chapter 4
The “littluns” spend the days playing and the nights having nightmares Jack has become obsessed with hunting/killing and he paints his face to camouflage himself from the pigs ~ “He looked in astonishment, no longer at himself but at an awesome stranger.” Ralph spots a ship on the horizon but the signal fire has burned out Jack and his hunters kill their first pig Jack punches Piggy and breaks his glasses

16 “Beast from Water” Chapter 5
Ralph calls a late night meeting He berates the boys for not following the rules and helping out with daily chores ~ “The fire is the most important thing on the island. How can we ever be rescued except by luck, if we don’t keep the fire going?” Another “littlun” claims to have seen a beast that comes out of the ocean at night The “beastie” that the child saw was only Simon going to his hiding place in the jungle

17 “Beast from Air” Chapter 6
Samneric see a “beastie” that has fallen from the sky They report the “beastie” sighting to Ralph who then organizes a search party to find and kill the beast The search party explores parts of the island they have not previously been to, including a cave in the mountain ~ “I’m chief. I’ll go. Don’t argue.”

18 “Shadows and Tall Trees” Chapter 7
The hunters track a wild boar which eventually escapes Ralph participates in the hunt for the first time The boys re-enact the hunt using Robert as the boar In their frenzy, the boys nearly kill Robert ~ “Kill him! Kill him!” Jack suggests next time they use a “littlun” to play the part of the boar The group climbs the mountain and Ralph sees the “beastie” in the darkness

19 “Gift for the Darkness” Chapter 8
Jack uses the conch to call a meeting Jack calls Ralph a coward Jack forms his own group of which he declares himself to be the chief ~ “I’m going to get more of the biguns away from the conch and all that. We’ll kill a pig and give a feast. And about the beast. When we kill we’ll leave some of the kill for it. Then it won’t bother us, maybe.”

20 “A View to a Death” Chapter 9
Simon discovers the dead pilot who is tangled in his parachute on the mountain top He goes down to the beach to tell the boys about the pilot and is mistaken for the “beastie” The boys are in the midst of a hunting dance and kill Simon with their spears, teeth and bare hands ~ “Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood!” Simon’s dead body is washed out to sea

21 “The Shell and the Glasses” Chapter 10
Ralph and Piggy discuss Simon’s murder ~ “It was an accident. Coming in the dark---he hadn’t no business crawling like that out of the dark. He was batty. He asked for it. It was an accident.” Almost all of the boys have joined Jack’s tribe on Castle Rock Jack and his tribe believe that the beast is able to morph into any disguise and that Simon was in fact the beast in disguise Jack, Roger and Maurice attack Ralph, Piggy and Samneric in the middle of the night to steal Piggy’s glasses thus they steal the ability to make fire ~ “He was chief now in truth; and he made stabbing motions with his spear. From his left hand dangled Piggy’s broken glasses.”

22 “Castle Rock” Chapter 11 Ralph and the boys go to Castle Rock to try and get Piggy’s glasses back Jack’s guards tell Ralph to leave Castle Rock Jack and Ralph fight Roger pushes a huge boulder down the mountain at Piggy, causing him to fall off the mountain to his death ~ “High overhead, Roger, with a sense of delirious abandonment, leaned all of his weight on the lever.” Piggy’s body is swept out to sea Jack orders Samneric to be tied up and forces them to join his tribe Ralph runs away and hides in the jungle

23 “Cry of the Hunters” Chapter 12
Jack tortures Samneric in an attempt to find out where Ralph is hiding Jack’s tribe hunts Ralph like a pig (i.e. spears, rocks, smoke, fire, tribal signals) ~ “They hate you Ralph. They’re going to do you. They’re going to hunt you tomorrow.” Ralph hides in the jungle near Castle Rock Ralph is discovered by the tribe and runs to the beach where the British Navy has just landed ~ “We saw your smoke. What have you been doing? Having a war or something?”

24 “Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man’s heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise friend called Piggy.”

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