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Chapter 13 The High Renaissance in Italy Culture and Values, 6 th Ed. Cunningham and Reich Culture and Values, 6 th Ed. Cunningham and Reich.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 13 The High Renaissance in Italy Culture and Values, 6 th Ed. Cunningham and Reich Culture and Values, 6 th Ed. Cunningham and Reich."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 13 The High Renaissance in Italy Culture and Values, 6 th Ed. Cunningham and Reich Culture and Values, 6 th Ed. Cunningham and Reich

2 Popes and Patronage Vatican as center of wealth, stability Vatican as center of wealth, stability Pope Sixtus IV Pope Sixtus IV Ghirlandaio, Botticelli, Perugino Ghirlandaio, Botticelli, Perugino Pope Julius II Pope Julius II Beginnings of High Renaissance (1503) Beginnings of High Renaissance (1503) “il papa terribile” “il papa terribile” Raphael, Michelangelo Raphael, Michelangelo Vatican as center of wealth, stability Vatican as center of wealth, stability Pope Sixtus IV Pope Sixtus IV Ghirlandaio, Botticelli, Perugino Ghirlandaio, Botticelli, Perugino Pope Julius II Pope Julius II Beginnings of High Renaissance (1503) Beginnings of High Renaissance (1503) “il papa terribile” “il papa terribile” Raphael, Michelangelo Raphael, Michelangelo

3 Popes and Patronage: Raphael Sanzio ( ) From Urbino to Perugia From Urbino to Perugia Apprentice to Perugino Apprentice to Perugino From Perugia to Florence (1505) From Perugia to Florence (1505) Madonna of the Meadow (1508) Madonna of the Meadow (1508) Pyramidal configuration Pyramidal configuration Rationally ordered Rationally ordered Modeling of human forms Modeling of human forms Human quality of the divine figure Human quality of the divine figure From Urbino to Perugia From Urbino to Perugia Apprentice to Perugino Apprentice to Perugino From Perugia to Florence (1505) From Perugia to Florence (1505) Madonna of the Meadow (1508) Madonna of the Meadow (1508) Pyramidal configuration Pyramidal configuration Rationally ordered Rationally ordered Modeling of human forms Modeling of human forms Human quality of the divine figure Human quality of the divine figure

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5 Popes and Patronage: Raphael Sanzio ( ) From Florence to Vatican (1508) From Florence to Vatican (1508) School of Athens ( ) School of Athens ( ) Symbolic homage to philosophy Symbolic homage to philosophy Renaissance ideal Renaissance ideal The Transfiguration (1527) The Transfiguration (1527) Balance of philosophy and theology Balance of philosophy and theology From Florence to Vatican (1508) From Florence to Vatican (1508) School of Athens ( ) School of Athens ( ) Symbolic homage to philosophy Symbolic homage to philosophy Renaissance ideal Renaissance ideal The Transfiguration (1527) The Transfiguration (1527) Balance of philosophy and theology Balance of philosophy and theology

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8 Popes and Patronage: Michelangelo Buonarroti ( ) Tomb for Pope Julius II Moses ( ) Moses ( ) Divine fury, divine light Divine fury, divine light Terribilità Terribilità Boboli Captives ( ) Boboli Captives ( ) Neo-Platonic notion of form and matter Neo-Platonic notion of form and matter Insight into methods Insight into methods Tomb for Pope Julius II Moses ( ) Moses ( ) Divine fury, divine light Divine fury, divine light Terribilità Terribilità Boboli Captives ( ) Boboli Captives ( ) Neo-Platonic notion of form and matter Neo-Platonic notion of form and matter Insight into methods Insight into methods

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10 Popes and Patronage: Michelangelo Buonarroti ( ) The Sistine Chapel “Michelangelo, Sculptor” “Michelangelo, Sculptor” Architectural and thematic motifs Architectural and thematic motifs Interpretation Interpretation Neo-Platonism Neo-Platonism Old Testament and pagan prophets Old Testament and pagan prophets Complex tree symbolism Complex tree symbolism Human wisdom + God’s revelation Human wisdom + God’s revelation The Sistine Chapel “Michelangelo, Sculptor” “Michelangelo, Sculptor” Architectural and thematic motifs Architectural and thematic motifs Interpretation Interpretation Neo-Platonism Neo-Platonism Old Testament and pagan prophets Old Testament and pagan prophets Complex tree symbolism Complex tree symbolism Human wisdom + God’s revelation Human wisdom + God’s revelation

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12 Popes and Patronage: Michelangelo Buonarroti ( ) Michelangelesque Michelangelesque Masculine anatomy, musculature Masculine anatomy, musculature Physical bulk, linear grace, emotionality Physical bulk, linear grace, emotionality Creation of Adam ( ) Creation of Adam ( ) The Last Judgment ( ) The Last Judgment ( ) Medici Chapel Medici Chapel Architectural and sculptural design Architectural and sculptural design Life, death, resurrection Life, death, resurrection Michelangelesque Michelangelesque Masculine anatomy, musculature Masculine anatomy, musculature Physical bulk, linear grace, emotionality Physical bulk, linear grace, emotionality Creation of Adam ( ) Creation of Adam ( ) The Last Judgment ( ) The Last Judgment ( ) Medici Chapel Medici Chapel Architectural and sculptural design Architectural and sculptural design Life, death, resurrection Life, death, resurrection

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14 Popes and Patronage: Michelangelo Buonarroti ( ) The New Saint Peter’s Donato Bramante ( ) Donato Bramante ( ) Tempietto Tempietto Michelangelo as architect (1546) Michelangelo as architect (1546) Bramante’s plan Bramante’s plan Ribbed, arched dome Ribbed, arched dome Drum to support dome Drum to support dome The New Saint Peter’s Donato Bramante ( ) Donato Bramante ( ) Tempietto Tempietto Michelangelo as architect (1546) Michelangelo as architect (1546) Bramante’s plan Bramante’s plan Ribbed, arched dome Ribbed, arched dome Drum to support dome Drum to support dome

15 The High Renaissance in Venice Tradition of easel painting Tradition of easel painting Use of oil paints Use of oil paints Brilliance of color Brilliance of color Subtlety of light Subtlety of light Eye for close detail Eye for close detail Love of landscape Love of landscape Tradition of easel painting Tradition of easel painting Use of oil paints Use of oil paints Brilliance of color Brilliance of color Subtlety of light Subtlety of light Eye for close detail Eye for close detail Love of landscape Love of landscape

16 The High Renaissance in Venice Giorgione (c ) Giorgione (c ) Venetian Renaissance Style Venetian Renaissance Style Enthroned Madonna with Saints ( ) Enthroned Madonna with Saints ( ) Le Concert Champêtre (c. 1510) Le Concert Champêtre (c. 1510) Titian (c ) Titian (c ) Assumption of the Virgin ( ) Assumption of the Virgin ( ) Venus of Urbino (1538) Venus of Urbino (1538) Tintoretto ( ) Tintoretto ( ) “The drawing of Michelangelo and the color of Titian.” “The drawing of Michelangelo and the color of Titian.” Giorgione (c ) Giorgione (c ) Venetian Renaissance Style Venetian Renaissance Style Enthroned Madonna with Saints ( ) Enthroned Madonna with Saints ( ) Le Concert Champêtre (c. 1510) Le Concert Champêtre (c. 1510) Titian (c ) Titian (c ) Assumption of the Virgin ( ) Assumption of the Virgin ( ) Venus of Urbino (1538) Venus of Urbino (1538) Tintoretto ( ) Tintoretto ( ) “The drawing of Michelangelo and the color of Titian.” “The drawing of Michelangelo and the color of Titian.”

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20 Mannerism Artistic “mood” Artistic “mood” Frederick Hartt’s schema Frederick Hartt’s schema Michelangelo’s mannerist style Michelangelo’s mannerist style Night, Day, Dawn, and Dusk Night, Day, Dawn, and Dusk Laurentian Library Laurentian Library The Last Judgment The Last Judgment Artistic “mood” Artistic “mood” Frederick Hartt’s schema Frederick Hartt’s schema Michelangelo’s mannerist style Michelangelo’s mannerist style Night, Day, Dawn, and Dusk Night, Day, Dawn, and Dusk Laurentian Library Laurentian Library The Last Judgment The Last Judgment

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22 Mannerism Jacopo Carucci da Pontormo ( ) Jacopo Carucci da Pontormo ( ) Deposition (c. 1528) Deposition (c. 1528) Parmigianino ( ) Parmigianino ( ) Madonna of the Long Neck (c. 1535) Madonna of the Long Neck (c. 1535) Implied eroticism Implied eroticism Inventiveness, restlessness Inventiveness, restlessness Jacopo Carucci da Pontormo ( ) Jacopo Carucci da Pontormo ( ) Deposition (c. 1528) Deposition (c. 1528) Parmigianino ( ) Parmigianino ( ) Madonna of the Long Neck (c. 1535) Madonna of the Long Neck (c. 1535) Implied eroticism Implied eroticism Inventiveness, restlessness Inventiveness, restlessness

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24 Mannerism Lavinia Fontana ( ) Lavinia Fontana ( ) Daughter of Bolognese painter Daughter of Bolognese painter Portrait painter (Rome, Bologna) Portrait painter (Rome, Bologna) Exaggerated angles, use of color Exaggerated angles, use of color Sofonisba Anguissola (1532?-1624) Sofonisba Anguissola (1532?-1624) Renaissance and Baroque masters Renaissance and Baroque masters Pictorial representations Pictorial representations Contrasts of dark and light Contrasts of dark and light Lavinia Fontana ( ) Lavinia Fontana ( ) Daughter of Bolognese painter Daughter of Bolognese painter Portrait painter (Rome, Bologna) Portrait painter (Rome, Bologna) Exaggerated angles, use of color Exaggerated angles, use of color Sofonisba Anguissola (1532?-1624) Sofonisba Anguissola (1532?-1624) Renaissance and Baroque masters Renaissance and Baroque masters Pictorial representations Pictorial representations Contrasts of dark and light Contrasts of dark and light

25 Music in the Sixteenth Century Music at the Papal Court Sistine Choir and Julian Choir Sistine Choir and Julian Choir Male voices, a capella Male voices, a capella Josquin des Prez (c ) Josquin des Prez (c ) Sistine Choir, composer and director Sistine Choir, composer and director Motet for four voices Motet for four voices Structure, balance, lyrical quality Structure, balance, lyrical quality Music at the Papal Court Sistine Choir and Julian Choir Sistine Choir and Julian Choir Male voices, a capella Male voices, a capella Josquin des Prez (c ) Josquin des Prez (c ) Sistine Choir, composer and director Sistine Choir, composer and director Motet for four voices Motet for four voices Structure, balance, lyrical quality Structure, balance, lyrical quality

26 Music in the Sixteenth Century Music at the Papal Court Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina ( ) Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina ( ) Choirmaster of capella Guilia Choirmaster of capella Guilia Vatican’s music director Vatican’s music director Conservative masses in response to Catholic reform movement Conservative masses in response to Catholic reform movement Music at the Papal Court Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina ( ) Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina ( ) Choirmaster of capella Guilia Choirmaster of capella Guilia Vatican’s music director Vatican’s music director Conservative masses in response to Catholic reform movement Conservative masses in response to Catholic reform movement

27 Music in the Sixteenth Century Venetian Music Adrian Willaert Adrian Willaert Andrea and Giovanni Gabrieli Andrea and Giovanni Gabrieli Church of St. Mark Church of St. Mark Split choirs Split choirs Instrumental music in liturgy Instrumental music in liturgy Intonazione, toccata Intonazione, toccata Intellectual influence of Italian humanism Intellectual influence of Italian humanism Venetian Music Adrian Willaert Adrian Willaert Andrea and Giovanni Gabrieli Andrea and Giovanni Gabrieli Church of St. Mark Church of St. Mark Split choirs Split choirs Instrumental music in liturgy Instrumental music in liturgy Intonazione, toccata Intonazione, toccata Intellectual influence of Italian humanism Intellectual influence of Italian humanism

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29 Contrasting Renaissance Voices Castiglione’s Courtier Chivalry, classical virtues, Platonic love Chivalry, classical virtues, Platonic love Uomo universale Uomo universale Sprezzatura Sprezzatura Overly refined, idealized worldview Overly refined, idealized worldview Elite aristocracy Elite aristocracy Castiglione’s Courtier Chivalry, classical virtues, Platonic love Chivalry, classical virtues, Platonic love Uomo universale Uomo universale Sprezzatura Sprezzatura Overly refined, idealized worldview Overly refined, idealized worldview Elite aristocracy Elite aristocracy Cellini’s Autobiography Violence, intrigue, sex, egotism, politics Vignettes of all walks of life; realistic snapshots Insight into methods of the artist

30 Chapter Thirteen: Discussion Questions Compare the artistic developments that took place in Rome and those that took place in Venice. To what can we attribute the differences? Explain. Compare the artistic developments that took place in Rome and those that took place in Venice. To what can we attribute the differences? Explain. To what extent did Neo-Platonism manifest itself in the works of Michelangelo? Are there traces of this philosophy in works of other artists discussed in this chapter? Explain, citing specific artists and works. To what extent did Neo-Platonism manifest itself in the works of Michelangelo? Are there traces of this philosophy in works of other artists discussed in this chapter? Explain, citing specific artists and works. How did environmental factors and geography contribute to Venetian art during the Renaissance? Consider both visual and aural arts in your discussion. How did environmental factors and geography contribute to Venetian art during the Renaissance? Consider both visual and aural arts in your discussion. Compare the artistic developments that took place in Rome and those that took place in Venice. To what can we attribute the differences? Explain. Compare the artistic developments that took place in Rome and those that took place in Venice. To what can we attribute the differences? Explain. To what extent did Neo-Platonism manifest itself in the works of Michelangelo? Are there traces of this philosophy in works of other artists discussed in this chapter? Explain, citing specific artists and works. To what extent did Neo-Platonism manifest itself in the works of Michelangelo? Are there traces of this philosophy in works of other artists discussed in this chapter? Explain, citing specific artists and works. How did environmental factors and geography contribute to Venetian art during the Renaissance? Consider both visual and aural arts in your discussion. How did environmental factors and geography contribute to Venetian art during the Renaissance? Consider both visual and aural arts in your discussion.


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