1 st March 1810 – 17 th October 1849 Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of French-Polish parentage
He was one of the best known composers in the world. He is considered to be one of the greatest masters of Romantic music. Chopin was born in Żelazowa Wola a village near Warsaw. Seven-year-old "little Chopin" composed two Polonaises and began giving public concerts. He received a good general education at one of the first colleges of Warsaw.
Because of political reasons he was forced to leave Poland in 1830 at age 20 and settled in Paris for the rest of his life. Here he soon became the favorite and musical hero of society. He was connected with George Sand who was the most important woman in his life. He was buried in the cemetery of Père-Lachaise in Paris. His heart was buried in Warsaw.
„Revolutionary Etude” C Minor Op. 10 No.12 (1829-1832). It was created when the November Uprising was suppressed by the Russian detachments. The composer intended it to be a piano exercise to practice the left hand. Polonaise A flat Major Op. 53One of the best known polonaises, a musical symbol of the Polish nation. „Raindrop prelude” prelude D flat Major Op. 28 No. 15 A set of 24 preludes, each in a different key. Chopin created it during his stay on Majorca when it rained all the time.
Sonata B Minor Op. 35 No. 2 It’s next to last part is the Funeral March which, to these days, is performed during every important funeral ceremony. „Minute Waltz” D flat Major Op. 64 No. 1. Piano Concerto F Minor Op. 21. Piano Concerto E Minor Op. 11. Scherzo H Minor Op. 20 Scherzo H Minor Op. 20
First competition was organized in 1927 and it’s organized every 5 years in Warsaw. It’s one the oldest and most important international competitions for pianists which takes place all over the world. The pianist who wins this competition becomes very famous.
5 th May 1819 – 4 th June Polish composer and pianist, creator of Polish national opera
He was a Polish composer, conductor and teacher. His output includes many songs and operas, and his musical style is filled with patriotic folk themes. He is generally referred to as the father of Polish national opera. The source of Moniuszko's melodies and rhythmic patterns often lies in Polish musical folklore. One of the most visibly "Polish" aspects of his music is in the forms he uses, including dances popular among upper classes such as polonaise and mazurkas, and folk tunes and dances such as kujawiak and krakowiak.
Operas: Bettly – 1872, The Raftsman – 1858, Halka – 1846, The Countess – 1860, Paria - 1859-69, The King of Peasants, Idyll, The Haunted Manor - 1861-64, Verbum Nobile – 1860;
Operettas: Beata - 1870; Idol – 1840; The Gypsies - 1850; Karmaniol or Frenchmen Like To Joke – 1840; Lottery – 1842; Overnight in Appenines - 1837-1840; The New Don Quixote or Hundred Follies - 1923. Masses and Other Sacral Works: Litanies of Ostra Brama - mixed choir, organ and orchestra. 1843-1855. Funeral Mass in D-minor for 4-part mixed choir and organ. 1850. Mass in E-minor for 2 sopranos, alto and organ. 1855. Mass in E-flat major for solo voices, mixed choir, organ and string quintet. 1865. Mass in B-flat major Piotrowinska' for solo voices, mixed choir and organ. 1872. Ecce lignum crucis. Motet for baritone solo, mixed choir and organ. 1872. The Lord's Prayer "Our Father” for 4-part mixed choir and orchestra or organ, 1859. Psalm Ne memineris' for solo voices, mixed choir, organ and string quintet. Psalm Vide humilitatem meam' for mixed choir, sting quintet and organ. Requiem aeteranam for 11 solo voices, mixed choir and orchestra.
3 rd October 1882 – 28 th March 1937 Polish composer and pianist
He spent his childhood in the home village. In 1889 he began playing the piano. In 1921 he traveled to the United States. In May 1922 he made his concert composer in Paris, ended with great success. In 1930 Szymanowski suffering from tuberculosis, he settled in Zakopane. Tuberculosis attacked the throat of the composer, so that Szymanowski was not able to eat anything. He died in his sleep, in a clinic in Lausanne Du Signal.
Four symphonies (No. 3, Song of the Night with choir and vocal soloists and No. 4, Symphonie Concertante, with piano concertante) and two dream-like violin concertos. His stage works include the ballets Harnasie and Mandragora and the operas Hagith and „King Roger”. He wrote much piano music, including the four Etudes, Op. 4 (of which No. 3 may be his single most popular piece), many mazurkas and the exquisite and highly individual Metopes. Other works include the Three Myths for violin and piano, two masterful string quartets, a sonata for violin and piano, a number of orchestral songs and his Stabat Mater, an acknowledged choral masterpiece.
was born on 23 rd November 1933 in Dębica. Contemporary Polish composer and conductor
In 1959, he composed Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima. For this, one of his best known and most often performed compositions, he received the UNESCO prize. In 1972 Penderecki started his conductor’s career. Since that time he is conducting the largest orchestras of the world. Between 1972-78 he was a professor of Yale University School of Music. In 1999 Krzysztof Penderecki received two Grammy Awards for Best Classical Contemporary Composition. Penderecki was reborn—the performance marked a turning point in his career making him the most acclaimed artist since Igor Stravinsky
Orchestral Works Concertos Cello Concerto No.2 Cello Sonata Concerto Grosso, for 3 cellos and orchestra Flute Concerto Largo, for cello and orchestra Viola Concerto Violin Concerto No.1 Symphony No.3 Symphony No.1 Symphony No.2 ('Christmas Symphony') Symphony No.4 ('Adagio') Symphony No.5 Symphony No.8, for 3 voices, chorus, and orchestra ('Lieder der Vergänglichkeit') Symphony No.7 (Seven Gates of Jerusalem'), De Natura Sonoris 2 Fluorescences Polymorphia, for 48 strings Threnody 'to the Victims of Hiroshima', for 52 strings Chamber Works Cadenza, for viola solo
Sinfonietta No.2, for chamber orchestra Sinfonietta, for chamber orchestra Agnus Dei, for 4 soloists, chorus and orchestra (mvt.10 from collective composition 'Requiem of Reconciliation') Benedictus, for chorus Cantata in honorem Almae Matris Universitatis Iagellonicae, for chorus and orchestra Credo, for soloists, boys' choir, chorus and orchestra Dies irae, for soloists, chorus, and orchestra From the Psalms of David, for chorus, strings, and percussion Hymn to St. Daniel, for chorus and winds Polish Requiem, for soloists, chorus, and orchestra Psalms of David, for chorus, 2 pianos, percussion, double bass and harp Song of the Cherubim for chorus Passio et Mors Domini Nostri Jesu Christi Secundum Lucam for 3 voices, narrator, choruses, and orchestra Te Deum, for 4 soloists, 2 choruses, and orchestra Utrenia I: The Entombment of Christ, for 5 voices, 2 choruses, and orchestra Utrenia II: TheResurrection of Christ, for 5 soloists, boy's choir, chorus, and orchestra