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Comic Enlightenment Academy of the Philippines (CEAP) BUILDING A CULTURE OF PEACE Shaping the Vision, Living the Dream ALBERT E. ALEJO, SJ Ateneo de Zamboanga.

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Presentation on theme: "Comic Enlightenment Academy of the Philippines (CEAP) BUILDING A CULTURE OF PEACE Shaping the Vision, Living the Dream ALBERT E. ALEJO, SJ Ateneo de Zamboanga."— Presentation transcript:

1 Comic Enlightenment Academy of the Philippines (CEAP) BUILDING A CULTURE OF PEACE Shaping the Vision, Living the Dream ALBERT E. ALEJO, SJ Ateneo de Zamboanga University

2 Catholic Education Association of the Philippines (CEAP) BUILDING A CULTURE OF PEACE How’s the foundation? Are there faulty connections? Will it stand? ALBERT E. ALEJO, SJ Ateneo de Zamboanga University

3 Let’s start with a short review quiz!

4 Pambansang Dahon Pambansang Dahon Anahaw

5 Pambansang Bulaklak Pambansang Bulaklak Sampaguita

6 Pambansang Bungang- Kahoy Pambansang Bungang- KahoyMangga

7 Narra Pambansang Punong-Kahoy Pambansang Punong-Kahoy

8 Pambansang Tirahan Kubo

9 Pambansang Ibon Pambansang IbonAgila

10 Pambansang Hayop Kalabaw

11 Pambansang Isda Pambansang Isda Bangus

12 ANO ang Pambansang PAGKAIN ? Litson

13 “2004 Teachers’ Choice” Also available: 2007, 2011 editions)

14 Pambansang Bayani Jose Rizal

15 Pambansang Kamao h ttp://angbagongfilipino.wordpr ess.com/2010/11/14/ang- pambansang-kamao/ Manny Paquiao

16 Grade VI Textbook (2007) NGALAN NG TRIBUTIRAHAN TausogLanao BadjaoCagayan de Sulu SamalPalawan MalbogBasilan MaguindanaoDavao del Sur MaranaoSulu, Tawi-Tawi YakanBasilan

17 Grade School Texts “Ang Yakan naman ay taga- Basilan. Maliit lamang sila, singkit ang mga mata, at maitim ang buhok na parang taga-Borneo.” Grade 6. (2007) “…teroristang Muslim” Grade 2. (2010)

18 POPULAR QUESTION: How can schools contribute to peace? FOUNDATIONAL QUESTION: How do schools contribute to unpeace?

19 The Role of Catholic Schools in Peace Building “Schools, colleges and universities, acknowledged as neutral agents of change, can play a strategic and leadership role in helping craft a Mindanao peace roadmap, build broad support around it, and provide timely assessments and inputs as to its implementation. The conventional notion that education is the long-term solution to peacelessness “self-limits” the vast potentials of educational institutions as credible and effective platforms for peace-building and peace-making in the short and medium term.” --- (Atty. Beny Bacani)

20 “ The Catholic Church in general and Catholic educational institutions in particular are weighed down by “baggages” as a repository of confessional and historical biases against Muslims and Lumads. The success of peace-building programs of Catholic educational institutions must be gauged among others on how they move Christians into admitting that they play a part in the historical marginalization of minority groups and that there can be no just resolution to the Mindanao conflicts without their support.” ---Benny Bacani

21 Visible and Invisible Conflict “The conflict in Mindanao involves a visible war and an invisible war being fought in the vertical and the horizontal arenas. The vertical arena is the formal Peace Talks between the GRP and the MILF. The horizontal arena is the peace process within and among communities at the grassroots level. A comprehensive approach to the peace process must address these two interrelated problems.” - -- Fr. Bert Layson, OMI

22 THE VISIBLE WAR: ARMED CONFLICT AND PEACE TALKS BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT AND REBEL FORCES

23 MAINSTREAM ISSUE: LAND, HISTORY, IDENTITY

24 Costs of the conflict 50,000 deaths 2 million refugees 535 mosques destroyed 200 schools demolished 35 cities and towns destroyed

25 ALL OUT WAR: June 2000

26 Cost of War The Armed Conflict and Its Impact AMMO TYPE ROUNDS SPENT COST 5.56 MM (Ball)212,019P 2.39M 7.62 MM linked53667P 1.15M 7.62 MM (Ball)26821P 0.41M 40 MM (M203)2407P 3.86M Hand grenade126P 0.08M Rifle grenade356P 0.08M CAL 30 LMG10348P 0.59M CAL 50 HMG (linked)16967P 0.10M CAL 50 (Ball) spotting1200P 2.96M 81 MM Mortar799P 3.71M 90MM RR448P 8.71M 25MM300P 0.09M AMMO SPENT BY 6 TH INF BN DURING BULIOK OFFENSIVE TOTAL AMMO SPENT BY JUST A SINGLE BATTALION: P 20.51M

27 Investment Growth * * Source: Phil. Human Development Report 2005

28 Internally Displaced Persons in Mindanao (year-end numbers) * ,412March: “all-out-war” ,842June: Zamboanga and Sulu ,650GRP-MILF ceasefire violations ,258February: Buliok incident ,532Clashes before May 2004 * Source: DSWD DROMIC

29 Cost of War The Armed Conflict and Its Impact  2000 – “All-out-War” in Mindanao cost the government P20 Million per day or a total of P1.337 Billion during the whole period.  AFP personnel losses: 431 KIA and 624 WIA  Damage to infrastructure: P202M  Damage to agriculture: P124.76M

30 Cost of War The Armed Conflict and Its Impact  2003 – “Buliok Offensives”  P46.8 M worth of damage to crops, livestock and fisheries;  P130 M worth of damage to infrastructure


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