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ANIMAL FARM CHAPTER DISCUSSIONS CHAPTER 1. Animal Farm is a fable, allegory and satire 1.Fable: Short tale with animals as characters that makes a moral.

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Presentation on theme: "ANIMAL FARM CHAPTER DISCUSSIONS CHAPTER 1. Animal Farm is a fable, allegory and satire 1.Fable: Short tale with animals as characters that makes a moral."— Presentation transcript:


2 Animal Farm is a fable, allegory and satire 1.Fable: Short tale with animals as characters that makes a moral point or teaches a simple life lesson. 2.Allegory: Can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one. A symbolic way of writing in which what is presented (a story about animals) has a deeper, figurative meaning (a comment on human nature and social organization) The way the animals interact and the way the plot unfolds says something about the nature of people or the value of ideas. It is also an allegory as almost all characters and events have historical counterparts. 3. Satire: A satire is a composition that makes fun of something, usually political. Although satire is usually meant to be funny, its greater purpose is often constructive social criticism, using wit as a weapon. Terminology

3 Socialism: a political system of communal ownership based on equality. Communism: practical implementation and corruption of socialism. Totalitarianism: a form of government where rulers have absolute control over all aspects of citizens’ lives. Capitalism: a social and economic system whereby individuals control production and wealth creation. Imperialism: the political, military or economic domination of one country by another. Dictatorship: Country is governed by a ruler with total power over the country, typically one who has obtained power by force. Terminology

4 Chapter 1 VOCABULARY ▫Lurched-to move suddenly in a way that is not smooth or controlled ▫Scullery-a room next to the kitchen that some old houses have, used for washing dishes or clothes ▫Ensconced-to put yourself into a comfortable or safe position ▫Stout-slightly fat ▫Majestic-big, beautiful or impressive in a calm and serious way ▫Benevolent-willing to help and be generous towards others ▫Tushes-Teeth

5 Chapter 1 VOCABULARY ▫Perched-sitting on something that is narrow or small, and usually high, especially for a short time. ▫Rafters-a large piece of wood that supports a sloping roof ▫Chew the cud-ruminate, “herkou” ▫Vast-extremely large ▫Cynical-to expect things not to be successful, negative ▫Devoted-loving someone very much ▫Paddock-a small field where horses are kept and allowed to eat grass ▫Orchard-an area of land where fruit trees are grown

6 Chapter 1 VOCABULARY ▫Trap-a type of carriage pulled by a horse ▫Mincing daintily in- refers to a “pretty walk” ▫Attentively-listening or watching carefully ▫Comrades-friends ▫Laborious- a laborious job or process is long and difficult ▫Dwell-to live some ▫Fertile-fertile land is able to produce good crops or plants ▫Abundance-a very large quantity of something ▫Abolished-to officially get rid of something ▫Sturdy-strong and not easily hurt, damaged or affected by what happens.

7 Chapter 1 VOCABULARY ▫Confinements-a time during which a pregnant woman gives birth ▫Grumble-to complain, especially continually and about unimportant things ▫Porker-a young pig who has been made fat so that it can be eaten ▫Knacker- person who slaughters old horses and sells their meat ▫Tyranny-cruel and unfair treatment by someone in a position of power ▫Victorious-having won a competition or battle

8 Chapter 1 VOCABULARY ▫Falter-to stop being effective or making progress ▫Astray-to become lost ▫Prosperity-the situation of being successful and having a lot of money ▫Trotter-the foot of a pig ▫Dissentients-strong disagreement ▫Enmity-a feeling of strong dislike ▫Conquered-to take control ▫Vices-a bad habit or personal quality ▫Infancy-the time when you are a baby or very young child ▫Hoarse-to speak in a low, rough voice ▫Unison-together or at the same time

9 Chapter 1 Old Major  Represents combination of Karl Marx and Lenin  His beliefs are what stirred the people/animals to rebel against their circumstances and oppressive leader  Note the significance of his description:  Prize Middle White boar – important and respected; breeder and show pig; not meant to be eaten  Highly regarded – animals looked up to him  Stout – fat; leads a good life  Majestic looking – like royalty  Wise and benevolent appearance – looks friendly and helpful; kind

10 Chapter 1 Old Major’s speech  Major’s speech is important as it sets out the principles on which the revolution is founded  The speech sets the plot in motion by sowing the seed of dissatisfaction, which prompts the action that is to follow  Major points out how the animals suffer at the hands of selfish Man, and tries to persuade them and stir them up to rebel Calls them ‘Comrades’ – therefore implies they are equal and friends  Generalises – no animal is free; all men are evil  Degrades man – too weak to care for himself but is lord of animals  Fear – mentions how they get slaughtered  Teaches them ‘Beasts of England’

11 Chapter 1 Old Major’s speech  He sets down the basic principles that should govern their lives:  They should not be swayed by false arguments  There should be unity and comradeship  Whatever walks on two legs is an enemy  All animals are equal  On the surface level, the tension is simply between Man’s greed and selfishness, and the animals’ need for dignity, equity and freedom  At a deeper level, the tension is between two political / social sides. One is aimed towards selfish accumulation of wealth and property; the other rests on principles of sharing and justice for all

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