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Introducing…. Born in London in 1797 Parents: Mary Wollstonecraft & William Godwin Mother died of a fever soon after the baby was born. One half-sister,

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Presentation on theme: "Introducing…. Born in London in 1797 Parents: Mary Wollstonecraft & William Godwin Mother died of a fever soon after the baby was born. One half-sister,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Introducing…

2 Born in London in 1797 Parents: Mary Wollstonecraft & William Godwin Mother died of a fever soon after the baby was born. One half-sister, Fanny (3 years older) BIRTH

3 Mary Wollstonecraft William Godwin THE PARENTS Both parents were considered “intellectual rebels” of their time.

4 *Resented Mary’s close relationship with her father. *Did not encourage Mary’s education *Made Mary do household chores. *Regularly invaded Mary’s privacy. *Kept Mary from spending time with her dad. STEPMOTHER TROUBLES

5 *Mary’s dad sent her to stay with friends in Scotland. *She experienced two things there: the love of happy family and the beautiful Scottish scenery. *Both of these elements played important roles later when she wrote Frankenstein. TRIP TO SCOTLAND

6 * Disciple of her father’s philosophical ideas *Married to Harriet Westbrook Shelley *Highly educated *Writer and Poet *Wealthy *Idealistic *Became dissatisfied with his wife *Mary and Percy declared their love for each other in June of 1814 PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY

7 *Godwin forbade Percy to come to the house. *Percy attempted suicide. *Mary ran away with him to France (her step-sister Jane came too!). RUNAWAY

8 Mary wrote in her journal on 19 December 1822: "France--Poverty--a few days of solitude & some uneasiness--A tranquil residence in a beautiful spot-- Switzerland--Bath--Marlow--Milan--The Baths of Lucca--Este--Venice--Rome--Naples--Rome & misery- -Leghorn--Florence Pisa--Solitude The Williams--The Baths--Pisa--These are the heads of chapters--each containing a tale, romantic beyond romance." TRAVEL

9 *Mary gave birth to 4 children (only one survived to adulthood) and had a miscarriage with her 5 th pregnancy. *Her half sister Fanny committed suicide. *Percy’s wife Harriet committed suicide. BIRTH, DEATH, MOTHERHOOD

10 On 19 March 1815 she recorded in her journal: "Dream that my little baby came to life again--that it had only been cold & that we rubbed it before the fire & it lived." BIRTH, DEATH, MOTHERHOOD

11 *Spring of 1816 *Lake Geneva, Switzerland: Lord Byron, her step sister, Byron’s physician, Percy, and Mary. *Ghost Stories *Ch. 5 of the novel –her original short story *Finished full novel *Published 1818 THE BIRTH OF FRANKENSTEIN

12 *Scientists discovering the potential of electricity. *Luigi Galvani- experiments with animal tissue SCIENCE OF FRANKENSTEIN

13 Original title for Frankenstein: The Modern Promethus Promethus- Greek myth; brought fire to man; symbol of creative striving Percy Shelley wrote poetic drama – Promethus Unbound MYTHOLOGY OF FRANKENSTEIN

14 *Wrote a novella: Mathilda *Grew apart from Percy. *1822- Percy dies in a boat accident. *Wrote more novels and some non-fiction biographies. *Published Percy’s poetry with long biographical notes. *Supported her father financially. *Died from a brain tumor in AFTER FRANKENSTEIN

15 ROMANTICISM

16 Post revolutionary period: economic suffering and social disorder Industrial Revolution Movement in art and literature was based in part on the feeling of optimism about human possibilities that was present in Western culture after the American and French Revolutions. ROMANTIC MOVEMENT

17 Innovation Freedom of thought and expression Spontaneity Idealization of Nature (nature poets) Visionary Imagination (sometimes nightmarish) CHARACTERISTICS OF ROMANTICISM

18 “The Romantic discovers what he hopes are new values, new experience patterns, and his impulse is to rebel against any restriction upon that process of discovery, that quest for new and higher truth.” CHARACTERISTICS OF ROMANTICISM

19 William Blake John Keats Lord Byron Percy Shelley Samuel Taylor Coleridge William Wordsworth FAMOUS ROMANTIC POETS

20 Purpose: To evoke terror and show the dark side of human nature GOTHIC

21 ELEMENTS OF GOTHIC LITERATURE

22 Often set in a medieval society or has medieval elements (castle) Mysterious disappearances Horrifying events or the threat of them Supernatural occurrences Protagonist is solitary, egocentric, and passion-driven Heroine with a tendency to faint and a need to be rescued–frequently Nature is used to create mood/atmosphere ELEMENTS OF GOTHIC LITERATURE

23 Dungeons, underground passages, crypts, and catacombs, spooky basements or attics. Labyrinths, dark corridors, and winding stairs Shadows, a beam of moonlight in the blackness, a flickering candle, or the only source of light failing Extreme landscapes and extreme weather NATURE IS USED TO CREATE MOOD/ATMOSPHERE

24 William Godwin Ann Radcliffe Horace Walpole Matthew Gregory Lewis Clara Reeve OTHER GOTHIC WRITERS

25 A PINCH OF GOTHIC CAN BE FOUND IN…


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