Presentation on theme: "The Protestant Reformation I got 95 theses but the Pope ain’t one…"— Presentation transcript:
The Protestant Reformation I got 95 theses but the Pope ain’t one…
Reform? To reform is to restructure or reorganize with the hope of improving.
The Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation is the name given to the religious reform movement that divided the Western European churches into Catholic and Protestant groups. Started by Martin Luther in early 16 th century (1500s), but based on developments that set stage for religious change.
Christian Humanism New classical learning that was part of Italian Renaissance Humanism started to spread to thoughts about religion Christian Humanists believed in the ability of humans to reason and improve themselves If people read the classics, they would be more pious Inner piety will help to improve Church and society In order to bring about social change, must first change individual
Our old friend Erasmus Wanted to reform Church (not split with it) and society “The Philosophy of Christ” Christianity should show people how to live good lived on a daily basis instead of provide a system of beliefs for people to practice exactly External forms of religion from Middle Ages (pilgrimages, fasts, etc.) not important
Why Reform? Renaissance Popes 1450-1520 failed to meet Church’s needs Supposed to be spiritual leaders, but often more concerned with politics and worldly matters instead Julius II (aka “warrior pope”) led armies against enemies Many church officials concerned with $ and used job to advance careers and wealth
Shady Salvation… Relics -- a religious object carefully preserved with the purpose of showing servitude before the Church and God. Believed having relics reduced one’s time in purgatory. Prince Frederick, Luther’s Prince, had collected over 5 thousand relics said to reduce his time in purgatory 1, 443 years. Indulgence – Given by the Catholic Church and is granted as temporary forgiveness of sin. Indulgences were purchased at this time.
Additional Vocab Salvation – saving of the soul from sin and evil. Penitence – The condition of being sorry for one’s wrongful acts/sins. Purgatory – Stage after death and of temporary punishment.