Presentation on theme: " Signed Declaration of Independence Served in GA’s colonial legislature (Second Continental Congress) Failed as a merchant and became a planter on."— Presentation transcript:
Signed Declaration of Independence Served in GA’s colonial legislature (Second Continental Congress) Failed as a merchant and became a planter on St. Catherines Island Briefly commander of Georgia’s Continental battalion (replaced by Lachlan McIntosh)
Led the opposition to the Christ Church Parish Coalition and elected speaker of Georgia’s Provincial Congress. Played a key role in passage of Constitution of 1777. Died of a gunshot wound from a duel with Lachlan McIntosh
Parish Second Continental Congress: delegates from 13 colonies met after battle of Lexington and Concord (first shots of the revolution) ◦ Established militia as continental army and elected George Washington as commander. Provincial Congress: legislative body/bodies of individual provinces (colonies) similar to state government Whig Party: Political party that rebelled against British Rule in colonies.
Name appears on petition in support of the king’s government but later joined the rebels as militia captain (did not sign declaration) Led the victory of rebel militia at Kettle Creek Used guerilla warfare tactics Rewarded by Georgia with a plantation and thousands of acres of land grants. Participated in Yazoo Land Fraud
Grew impatient with failures of national and state government and tried to from an independent republic (Trans-Oconee Republic) by seizing lands on Oconee frontier
Signed Declaration of Independence Served numerous capacities for state of Georgia after Revolution One of the most successful lawyers in Georgia Elected to Provincial Congress and served as a delegate of Second Continental Congress Elected governor of Georgia in 1779
Signed Declaration of Independence Representative to Continental Congress and served as Georgia’s governor in 1783-84 Ordained Congregational Minister Abandoned Ministry for Medicine Elected to represent St. John’s Parish in Second Continental Congress Helped establish the University of Georgia in 1785
Did not sign Declaration Frontierswoman often called “Aunt Nancy” Husband served during the war while she stayed at home with family Acted as a spy for American cause. Possibly present at Battle of Kettle Creek Individually out smarted 6 Tories in her cabin and killed two when they were searching for Whigs
Did not sign Declaration Was a slave who served in the Georgia militia Only African American to receive land by state of Georgia for his service Joined the militia because his master wanted to avoid military service and sent Dabney in his place Only black soldier in Battle of Kettle Creek
Cared for by Giles Harris (white soldier) when wounded and work for Giles Harris for the rest of his life. Paid for Giles Harris’ son to attend Franklin College (UGA)
Kettle Creek found in Wilkes County February 14, 1779 600 Loyalists or Tories (supporters of British Cause) were in route to Augusta led by James Boyd 340 South Carolina and Georgia militiamen under control of Andrew Pickens, John Dooly, and Elijah Clarke were preparing to attack Boyd’s camp.
Pickens men disobeyed orders and fired upon Boyd’s troops who pursued while Dooly and Clarke’s men were entangled in the swamp Boyd was mortally wounded during the skirmish and Loyalist panicked with their leader down. 150 of Boyd’s men were taken prisoner and 270 escaped to British Army
Provided the rebel cause with a victory amidst a string of larger defeats British leaders should have realized that Loyalist support in the south had disappeared.
Governor James Wright returned to GA July 1779 and announced restoration of GA to the crown with the privilege of exemption from taxation Georgia was the only one of the 13 states to be restored to royal allegiance French fleet of twenty five ships led by Charles Henri d’Estaing came to Savannah to recapture for George Washington. Sept 3 1779
4000 to 5000 men proceeded to recapture Savannah along with Benjamin Lincoln from South Carolina with his army. Sept 16 D’Estaing demanded surrender of Savannah but General Augustine Prevost asked for 24 hours to make a decision allowing for British reinforcement from Beaufort SC to arrive. The surrender was declined.
Oct 9 1779, allies launched grand assault upon British lines suffering 752 casualties while British lost 18. Battered French Army withdrew to its ships and Benjamin Lincoln returned to SC with troops.
Initially Georgians hesitated to join war effort even though they opposed British regulations. Colony prospered under royal rule and feared they needed British support from Native American attack Georgia did not send delegates to first continental congress. Battles of Lexington and Concord stirred up Georgians to join the cause
Sons of Liberty broke into a gun powder magazine in Savannah and distributed the powder to South Carolina revolutionaries July 4 1775, Georgia’s second Provincial Congress named delegates to Second Continental Congress and adopted the ban on trade with Britain. 1778 the war reached a stalemate in the North and moved to the South.
James Wright assured that hundreds of loyalists were waiting in the backcountry for British troops to arrive Archibald Campbell (Britain) invaded GA with 3000 troops from Savannah Southern GA from Savannah to Augusta was under British Control Kettle Creek ensured continued independence in upper GA.
Nathanael Greene (Continental Commander in the south) and Elijah Clarke were able to capture Augusta from British June 5 1781 American peace negotiators in France now had reason to demand for Georgia’s Independence July 11 1782: British evacuated Savannah