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MALI CATHERINE VAN DER LIST KATRINA ABE. Fact Sheet Population: 16.3 million people Major languages: French*, Bambara, Berber, Arabic Major religion:

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Presentation on theme: "MALI CATHERINE VAN DER LIST KATRINA ABE. Fact Sheet Population: 16.3 million people Major languages: French*, Bambara, Berber, Arabic Major religion:"— Presentation transcript:

1 MALI CATHERINE VAN DER LIST KATRINA ABE

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3 Fact Sheet Population: 16.3 million people Major languages: French*, Bambara, Berber, Arabic Major religion: Islam Life Expectancy: 51 years (male); 53 years (female) Exports: Cotton, gold, livestock GNI per capita: US $610

4 Historical Timeline  19 th century - mid 20 th century : French colonization  1960 : Mali becomes independent; Modibo Keita is “big man”  1968-1991 : Dictatorship of Lt. Moussa Traore = new “big man”  1990 – 2007 : Relatively stable democracy and little social conflict (Early 1990s, nomadic Tuareg began an insurgency over land and cultural rights)  2007 – Present : Tuareg rebel activity in Northern Mali threatens the state

5 Ibrahim Boubacar Keita Lt. Moussa Traore Modibo Keita

6 Challenges to the State Institutional weakness & Corruption Poverty Internal Insurgencies Weak Malian army – disorganized, demoralized, and plagued by factionalism Transnational threats: terror groups, regional instability, drug trafficking

7 Current Events 2007 : Tuareg rebels increase activity 2011 : Libyan instability leads to influx of arms 2012 : Military coup topples government. Tuareg take control of north and declare independence Jan 2013 : French forces begin military offensive in Northern Mali (upon Malian request) June 2013 : Tuareg and Bamako government reach peace deal August 2013 : Mali elects new president Ibrahim Boubacar Keita (80% of the vote) Sep 2013 : Tuareg NMLA rebels violate peace accord

8 Source: Agence France-Presse (AFP)

9 Bibliography: BBC News. "BBC News - Mali country profile - Overview." BBC - Homepage. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Oct. 2013. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13881370 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13881370 Aljazeera. " Mali frees Tuareg rebel-linked prisoners - Africa - Al Jazeera English." Al Jazeera English - Live US, Europe, Middle East, Asia, Sports, Weather & Business News. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Oct. 2013. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2013/10/mali-tuareg-prisoners- 2013102232924835201.html http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2013/10/mali-tuareg-prisoners- 2013102232924835201.html Boukhars, Anouar. "Mali's Challenges Post-French Intervention." Carnegie Endowment. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Oct. 2013. http://carnegieendowment.org/2013/05/23/mali-s-challenges-post- french-intervention/g76k http://carnegieendowment.org/2013/05/23/mali-s-challenges-post- french-intervention/g76k Deutsche Welle. "Mali celebrates inauguration of President Keita | News | DW.DE | 19.09.2013." TOP STORIES | DW.DE. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Oct. 2013. http://www.dw.de/mali-celebrates-inauguration-of-president- keita/a-17101175http://www.dw.de/mali-celebrates-inauguration-of-president- keita/a-17101175


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