2 Terms to know: Dialogue conversation between 2 or more characters Monologue a long speech spoken by one character to one or more other characters
3 More Terms to know…Soliloquy a speech in which a character speaks his or her thoughts aloud, usually alone on stageStage directions info. written in the play, not intended to be spoken by the actors. It provides information about scenery, props, lighting, costumes, and actors’ movement on stage.
4 What’s in a name?Literary devicesFigurative languageLiterary language = SAMEFigures of speechPoetic devices
5 RhythmThe pattern of stressed and unstressed sounds in spoken language. In poetry, we call the rhythmical pattern meter, and it is determined by the number and types of “beats”, or syllables, in a line.Example:Darth Vader decided to crush the rebel soldier.Luke Skywalker will rebel against his father’s wishes.
6 RhymeThe repetition of sounds at the ends of words. Either within lines or at the ends.
7 AlliterationRepetition of the same or very similar consonant sounds usually at the beginnings of words that are close together in a poem.
8 AssonanceRepetition of similar vowel sounds that are followed by different consonant sounds, especially in words that are close together in a poem.Seeing the snowman standing all aloneIn dusk and cold is more than he can bear.The small boy weeps to hear the wind prepareA night of gnashings and enormous moan.
9 Let’s hear it! Examples: Onomatopoeia: Use of a word whose sounds imitates or suggests its meaning. It’s so natural to us that we begin using it instinctively as children.Examples:Snap, crackle, pop, fizz, click, zoom, buzz
10 Author’s StyleWord choice the kinds of words an author typically uses…formal/informal, slang/standard, large/smallEx: Huckleberry Finn- Mark TwainSentence structure types and lengths of sentences an author uses. Some use short, straightforward sentences, others use long, complicated ones.Ex: Shakespeare known for iambic pentameter
11 ToneThe attitude a writer takes toward a subject, a character, or the audience. This is conveyed through diction and details.
12 SimilesNot smiles…Makes a comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, resembles, or than.Examples:My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun.- ShakespeareI wandered lonely as a cloud- WordsworthI love you like a love song, baby.- Selena Gomez
14 MetaphorsMakes a comparison between two unlike things, in which one thing becomes another thing without the use of the word like, as, than, or resembles.Examples:O my love is a red, red rose.It is the East, and Juliet is the sun.The morning is a budding flower waiting to burst
16 PersonificationKind of a metaphor in which a nonhuman thing or quality is talked about as if it were human.Examples:This poetry gets bored of being alone,It wants to go outdoors to chew on the winds,To fill its commas with the keels of rowboats-The Sun chuckled as it came out of the cloud.-The lightning danced across the sea.
17 HyperboleDeliberate exaggeration or overstatement to make a point, emphasize a point, or to create comic effect