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Published byBrett Peregrine Garrison Modified over 7 years ago
as seen in poetry
Read the following sentences: Vader decided to crush the rebel soldier. Skywalker will rebel against his father's wishes. STRESS EXERCISE
What is different about the way we pronounce “rebel” in each sentence? It is spelled the same way, so why is it different? STRESS EXERCISE
That difference is a change in stress. As we speak English, we stress some syllables and leave other syllables "unstressed." STRESS
In the first example, the pattern in the word rebel is "stressed," then "unstressed." DARTH VAder deCIDed to CRUSH the REBel SOLDier. STRESS EXERCISE
In the second example, the pattern in the word rebel is "unstressed, stressed." LUKE SKYWALKer WILL reBEL aGAINST his FATHer's WISHes. STRESS EXERCISE
To indicate the changes in meter, scholars put a diagonal line ( / ) stressed syllables. A small curving loop ( u ) goes over the unstressed syllables. STRESS
Let’s practice! *hint: Verbs and nouns are often stressed; prepositions and articles are often unstressed. Remember: Iamb: unstressed syllable followed by a heavily stressed syllable. Spondee: one stressed syllable followed by another stressed syllable. Anapest: two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable. Trochee: a stressed followed by one unstressed syllable. Dactyl: a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables. STRESS
What do you typically think of when you hear the word “poetry?” POETRY
The main component of poetry is meter. Meter is the regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem. When a poem has a recognizable but varying pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables, the poetry is written in verse. There are many possible patterns of verse, and the basic pattern of each unit is called a foot. POETRY
We name metric lines according to the number of "feet" in them. If a line has four feet, it is tetrameter. If a line has five feet, it is pentameter. If it has six feet, it is hexameter, and so on. FEET
Soooooooo, based on the information we have learned, what does iambic pentameter mean? FEET
Iambic pentameter normally would have ten syllables in each line. There would be ten syllables contained within five feet. Each foot contains one unstressed syllables and one stressed syllables, for a total of ten (2 x 5) syllables. Example: With hot intent the flames will soon expire. IAMBIC PENTAMETER
To prevent monotony, poets allow metrical substitution of one foot for another. For instance, a spondee (stressed stressed), or a trochee (stressed unstressed) may be used in the place of an iamb (unstressed stressed) in one or more feet of iambic pentameter, as long as the total syllable count and feet remain the same. VERSE AND FEET
Now cold dead weight settles on ash and bone. EXAMPLE OF SUBSTITUTION
Something popular that we see in iambic pentameter is blank verse. This is iambic pentameter that does not rhyme. It has been popular every since the Earl of Surrey first introduced it during the Renaissance time period. It has been popular ever since because it maintains strong meter, but the lack of rhyme makes it more flexible than rhymed verse, and it also doesn't seem so artificial when used in plays like those of Shakespeare. VERSE
Feet picture: http://www.google.com/imgres?q=feet&start=66&um=1&hl=en&client=safari&sa=N&rls=en&authuser=0&biw=1440&bih=838&addh=36&tbm=isc h&tbnid=0CR2VJ9KZKNcmM:&imgrefurl=http://robjhyndman.com/musings/euphemisms/&docid=G_nine8dKoA9- M&imgurl=http://robjhyndman.com/musings/files/2012/06/hobbit_feet.jpg&w=402&h=348&ei=Ee9MUOj6CZG6yAHjnIDwAQ&zoom=1&iact= hc&vpx=817&vpy=424&dur=347&hovh=160&hovw=168&tx=181&ty=123&sig=100943891587483895976&page=3&tbnh=146&tbnw=148&ndsp=3 4&ved=1t:429,r:11,s:66,i:40,r:11,s:66,i:40 Foot tattoo picture: http://haightashburytattooandpiercing.com/2009/08/22/feet-tattoos/http://haightashburytattooandpiercing.com/2009/08/22/feet-tattoos/ Baby feet: http://www.google.com/imgres?q=feet&um=1&hl=en&client=safari&sa=N&rls=en&authuser=0&biw=1440&bih=838&tbm=isch&tbnid=PaWlI3BuI A7J5M:&imgrefurl=http://health.howstuffworks.com/skin- care/information/anatomy/question514.htm&docid=8gedH6Q6pkZsZM&imgurl=http://static.ddmcdn.com/gif/baby- feet.jpg&w=400&h=265&ei=Ce9MUPu_J- jaywHz14HgDQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=681&sig=100943891587483895976&page=2&tbnh=149&tbnw=199&start=31&ndsp=35&ved=1t:429,r:3,s: 31,i:262&tx=170&ty=57 Information: http://web.cn.edu/kwheeler/documents/meter_handout.pdf CREDITS
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