Commodore Matthew Perry (Role Play) “Knock Knock”
Commodore Matthew Perry Sent to Japan by President Fillmore in 1852 to Open Up Trade with Japan Japan Refused to Trade with U.S. –Closed Society/No New Ideas Got In Came Back in 1854 with U.S. Warships: –Japan was Forced to Trade with U.S.
Commodore Matthew Perry “I was determined to adopt an entirely contrary plan of proceedings from that of all others who had… visited Japan on the same errand to open up trade: to demand as a right and to ask as a favor those acts of courtesy which are due from one civilized nation to another.” Commodore Matthew Perry, Personal Journal What “Name” Did Commodore Matthew Perry Call Japan? (Fighting Words!)
Senator Albert Beveridge “The Philippines are ours forever. And just beyond the Philippines are China’s unlimited markets. We will not retreat from either… The power that rules the Pacific is the power that rules the world.” »Albert Beveridge What Did He Mean?
Most Americans Looked Forward to Reaching Asia New Markets to Sell Goods Get Cheap Natural Resources Spread Democracy Spread United States Culture
Why Was Owning the Philippines So Important to the U.S.?
Positive (+) Effects On Japan After U.S. Trade with Them! Japan Modernized! –Started Trading with U.S. & Other Cultures –Learned New Technologies (Weapons) Became Strong & Powerful World Power! Beat Up On China in Wars: –Stole Chinese Lands & Natural Resources –China was a Closed Culture
Spheres of Influence in China: France, Germany, Britain, Japan & Russia had Spheres of Influence in Japan by the Late 1890’s Claimed Exclusive Rights to Mining & Building Railroads Got Natural Resources, Traded Goods, Etc… Where is the U.S.?
Use Overhead Dragon DBQ! (Best DBQ of the Year!)
The Open Door Policy: NOTU.S. Did NOT Have a Sphere of Influence in China U.S. is Very Jealous! Open Door Policy MONOPOLYOpen Door Policy = No Country was Allowed to Have a MONOPOLY on Trade with China! Countries Agreed (Why, I’m Not Sure!)
The Boxer Rebellion: Many Chinese Citizens Were VERY Angry That Foreigners Were Taking Advantage of China: –Stealing Natural Resources/Wealth –No Respect of Chinese Customs/Culture Either Formed a Rebellion & Fought Back!
The Last Samurai I Have Never Seen It! Story is Very Similar to What Takes Place in Both Japan & China When U.S. Arrives Let Me Know How It Is!
Why Did the U.S.Want to Build the Panama Canal?
The Panama Canal American Interests in the Pacific Ocean & Asia Increased U.S. Needed a Shortcut From the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean Took Too Long for U.S. Navy & Commercial Ships to Go Around South America
What Country Would Be Best to Build the Canal Through?
SAY What Did Columbia SAY When U.S. Asked to Build a Canal? NO WAY JOSE!Colombia Said NO WAY JOSE! Teddy Roosevelt Sent the U.S. Navy to Help Rebel Group Inside of Colombia Called the Panamanians Told Panamanians to Start a Revolution! –U.S. Would Back Them Up (Since They are Fighting for Freedom!)
Panama Was Created! U.S. Helped Panamanian Rebels Win Land in Colombia Panama Gave 10 Mile Strip of Land to U.S. Very Imperialistic of U.S.! –Started a War to Get What We Wanted! UNHAPPYOther Countries Very UNHAPPY with U.S.!
Panama Canal Construction for Building the Panama Canal Lasted Over 10 Years (1904-1914) 45,000 People Overall Worked on the Canal Cost $352 Million Dollars Highest Cost of a Man-Made Project at That Time
Latin America Latin America Includes: –Central America –South America –Caribbean Islands
Why is the U.S. VERY Interested in Latin America? U.S. Businesses Could Buy CHEAP Food & Raw Materials ($$$) Sell Raw Materials for Higher Prices in U.S. & Around World Companies Could Buy Lots of Land for Farming & Mining $$$ BABYYYYY!!!
United States’ Concerns About Latin America If Latin American Countries Became Unstable (WEAK), Other Countries Might Take Them Over Not Good for U.S. Loss of $$$ and Raw Materials U.S. Was Worried
The Big Stick Policy: Theodore Roosevelt Made it Clear That U.S. Would be the Major Power in the Western Hemisphere! Nobody Else Allowed In or Else! “Speak Softly, But Carry a Big Stick”
The Roosevelt Corollary: An Addition to the Monroe Doctrine: –No European Powers in Latin America Roosevelt Added That NOW the U.S. Will Act as a “Policeman” in Latin America U.S. Will Solve All Problems If They Occur in Latin America: –KEEP EUROPE OUT!
U.S. As a “Policeman” In Latin America: Roosevelt Took Control of the Dominican Republic’s Finances After Country Did Not Pay Its’ Bills in 1905 Sent in Troops into Cuba to Put Down Revolt in 1906 Taft Promised American Businesses if ANYTHING Went Wrong in Latin America, the Military Would Be Used! Taft Sent Marines in 1912 to Nicaragua to Protect U.S. Business Interests