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Archetypes Mrs. Denise Stanley. Archetypes Carl Jung, psychologist, believed that all humans possess an archetypal center (Some symbols represent the.

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Presentation on theme: "Archetypes Mrs. Denise Stanley. Archetypes Carl Jung, psychologist, believed that all humans possess an archetypal center (Some symbols represent the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Archetypes Mrs. Denise Stanley

2 Archetypes Carl Jung, psychologist, believed that all humans possess an archetypal center (Some symbols represent the same things in all cultures, etc.) Carl Jung, psychologist, believed that all humans possess an archetypal center (Some symbols represent the same things in all cultures, etc.) EXAMPLE: a TREE represents life in all cultures to all people, etc. EXAMPLE: a TREE represents life in all cultures to all people, etc.

3 QUEST 1.) tangible journey; OR 1.) tangible journey; OR 2.) Intangible journey (SEEKING). 2.) Intangible journey (SEEKING).

4 Qualities of Questers Courage; strength (inner or physical); endurance; called by an event or heralder; crosses into an unknown land (terra incognita); feels lost; often accompanied by a faithful servant; may be tempted; helped/saved by miraculous animals or lowly people; descends into a nightmarish situation; performs impossible tasks; battles with monsters (real or imagined); solves unanswerable riddles; overcomes huge odds ……… Courage; strength (inner or physical); endurance; called by an event or heralder; crosses into an unknown land (terra incognita); feels lost; often accompanied by a faithful servant; may be tempted; helped/saved by miraculous animals or lowly people; descends into a nightmarish situation; performs impossible tasks; battles with monsters (real or imagined); solves unanswerable riddles; overcomes huge odds ………

5 Qualities of Questers Learns the more worthy the prize, the more difficult the quest Learns the more worthy the prize, the more difficult the quest

6 Initiation Hero is initiated by the QUEST – learns about the nature of reality and self – matures and grows – transformation of personality occurs – passes from ignorance and immaturity to social and spiritual adulthood Hero is initiated by the QUEST – learns about the nature of reality and self – matures and grows – transformation of personality occurs – passes from ignorance and immaturity to social and spiritual adulthood

7 Metamorphosis Magical transformation of sorts --- CHANGE in hero Magical transformation of sorts --- CHANGE in hero

8 3 Types of Heroes 1.) heroic quester – physically strong with a deep mind 1.) heroic quester – physically strong with a deep mind 2.) barbarian – like Tarzan or Conan - physically strong 2.) barbarian – like Tarzan or Conan - physically strong 3.) unlikely hero – ordinary person 3.) unlikely hero – ordinary person

9 Archetypal Characters

10 Shadow Evil within a person – traits you fear to develop Evil within a person – traits you fear to develop

11 Trickster a character like Gollum in Lord of the Rings

12 Betrayer Character who ‘betrays’ the hero – Judas- like figure (very much like the TRICKSTER) Character who ‘betrays’ the hero – Judas- like figure (very much like the TRICKSTER)

13 Wise/Helpful (Old) Man Magician-type; represents knowledge, reflection, insight, wisdom, cleverness, and intuition. Moral qualities include good will, readiness to help others (tests moral qualities of others); appears when hero is in a hopeless and desperate situation Magician-type; represents knowledge, reflection, insight, wisdom, cleverness, and intuition. Moral qualities include good will, readiness to help others (tests moral qualities of others); appears when hero is in a hopeless and desperate situation

14 Monster/Villain Not always a monster in appearance – could be another character Not always a monster in appearance – could be another character

15 Faithful Servant/Friend Like Piggy in Lord of the Flies Like Piggy in Lord of the Flies

16 Rugged Individualist A character who relies solely on his or her personal strengths and merits to survive A character who relies solely on his or her personal strengths and merits to survive Daniel Boone

17 Caretaker A character who consistently supports, protects, and provides for other characters who are unable to look after themselves. A character who consistently supports, protects, and provides for other characters who are unable to look after themselves. Looks after Peeta …

18 Earth Mother A character who is closely associated with both Nature and Fertility A character who is closely associated with both Nature and Fertility Earth Mother figure in the Native American literature we covered …

19 Rebel A character who radically rejects the values of a society and the restrictions placed on him or her. A character who radically rejects the values of a society and the restrictions placed on him or her. Rebel Without a Cause

20 Shrew A female character who will not conform to the demands of society and scolds or quarrels constantly. A female character who will not conform to the demands of society and scolds or quarrels constantly.

21 Scapegoat Usually, a human whose death, often in a public ceremony, removes some taint or sin that has been visited upon the community. Usually, a human whose death, often in a public ceremony, removes some taint or sin that has been visited upon the community. Ironically, Oedipus is responsible for the sin that taints Thebes, and he becomes the scapegoat because of it!

22 Other Archetypes that are Self- Explanatory Outsider/outcast Outsider/outcast Innocent Innocent Misfit Misfit Lonely Orphan Lonely Orphan Father/Mother figure Father/Mother figure

23 Universal Symbols

24 Light/Dark Good vs. Evil Good vs. Evil

25 Four Elements Earth, Air, Fire, and Water Earth, Air, Fire, and Water

26 Garden/Wasteland Garden represents innocence, unspoiled beauty, fertility Garden represents innocence, unspoiled beauty, fertility Wasteland represents spiritual aridity, death, and hopelessness Wasteland represents spiritual aridity, death, and hopelessness

27 Mountain Highest point where earth meets the sky - knowledge Highest point where earth meets the sky - knowledge

28 Colors Red – blood; sacrifice; violent passion; disorder Red – blood; sacrifice; violent passion; disorder Green – (positive) growth; hope; fertility (negative) associated with death and decay Green – (positive) growth; hope; fertility (negative) associated with death and decay Blue – usually highly positive; associated with truth, religious feeling; security; spiritual purity Blue – usually highly positive; associated with truth, religious feeling; security; spiritual purity Black – darkness; chaos; mystery; the unknown; death; evil Black – darkness; chaos; mystery; the unknown; death; evil White – (positive) light; purity; innocence; timelessness – (negative) death; terror; the supernatural; blinding truth White – (positive) light; purity; innocence; timelessness – (negative) death; terror; the supernatural; blinding truth

29 Numbers 3 (three) – highly positive; represents completeness; example – Father, Son, Holy Ghost 3 (three) – highly positive; represents completeness; example – Father, Son, Holy Ghost 4 (four) – highly positive; represents completeness as well; example- four elements, four seasons, etc. 4 (four) – highly positive; represents completeness as well; example- four elements, four seasons, etc. 7 (seven) – 3 + 4 = 7 (two perfect numbers) 7 (seven) – 3 + 4 = 7 (two perfect numbers) 12 (twelve) – 3 X 4 = 12 (two perfect numbers) 12 (twelve) – 3 X 4 = 12 (two perfect numbers) 13 (thirteen) – How many were present at the Last Supper? (Christ and twelve disciples …) 13 (thirteen) – How many were present at the Last Supper? (Christ and twelve disciples …)


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