2EXAMPLE: a TREE represents life in all cultures to all people, etc. ArchetypesCarl Jung, psychologist, believed that all humans possess an archetypal center (Some symbols represent the same things in all cultures, etc.)EXAMPLE: a TREE represents life in all cultures to all people, etc.
4Qualities of QuestersCourage; strength (inner or physical); endurance; called by an event or heralder; crosses into an unknown land (terra incognita); feels lost; often accompanied by a faithful servant; may be tempted; helped/saved by miraculous animals or lowly people; descends into a nightmarish situation; performs impossible tasks; battles with monsters (real or imagined); solves unanswerable riddles; overcomes huge odds ………
5Learns the more worthy the prize, the more difficult the quest Qualities of QuestersLearns the more worthy the prize, the more difficult the quest
6InitiationHero is initiated by the QUEST – learns about the nature of reality and self – matures and grows – transformation of personality occurs – passes from ignorance and immaturity to social and spiritual adulthood
7Magical transformation of sorts --- CHANGE in hero MetamorphosisMagical transformation of sorts --- CHANGE in hero
83 Types of Heroes1.) heroic quester – physically strong with a deep mind2.) barbarian – like Tarzan or Conan - physically strong3.) unlikely hero – ordinary person
10Evil within a person – traits you fear to develop ShadowEvil within a person – traits you fear to develop
11a character like Gollum in Lord of the Rings Trickstera character like Gollum in Lord of the Rings
12BetrayerCharacter who ‘betrays’ the hero – Judas-like figure (very much like the TRICKSTER)
13Wise/Helpful (Old) Man Magician-type; represents knowledge, reflection, insight, wisdom, cleverness, and intuition. Moral qualities include good will, readiness to help others (tests moral qualities of others); appears when hero is in a hopeless and desperate situation
14Not always a monster in appearance – could be another character Monster/VillainNot always a monster in appearance – could be another character
15Faithful Servant/Friend Like Piggy in Lord of the Flies
16Rugged IndividualistA character who relies solely on his or her personal strengths and merits to surviveDaniel Boone
17CaretakerA character who consistently supports, protects, and provides for other characters who are unable to look after themselves.Looks after Peeta …
18Earth Mother figure in the Native American literature we covered … A character who is closely associated with both Nature and FertilityEarth Mother figure in the Native American literature we covered …
19Rebel Rebel Without a Cause A character who radically rejects the values of a society and the restrictions placed on him or her.Rebel Without a Cause
20ShrewA female character who will not conform to the demands of society and scolds or quarrels constantly.
21ScapegoatUsually, a human whose death, often in a public ceremony, removes some taint or sin that has been visited upon the community.Ironically, Oedipus is responsible for the sin that taints Thebes, and he becomes the scapegoat because of it!
22Other Archetypes that are Self-Explanatory Outsider/outcastInnocentMisfitLonely OrphanFather/Mother figure
27Highest point where earth meets the sky - knowledge MountainHighest point where earth meets the sky - knowledge
28Colors Red – blood; sacrifice; violent passion; disorder Green – (positive) growth; hope; fertility (negative) associated with death and decayBlue – usually highly positive; associated with truth, religious feeling; security; spiritual purityBlack – darkness; chaos; mystery; the unknown; death; evilWhite – (positive) light; purity; innocence; timelessness – (negative) death; terror; the supernatural; blinding truth
29Numbers3 (three) – highly positive; represents completeness; example – Father, Son, Holy Ghost4 (four) – highly positive; represents completeness as well; example- four elements, four seasons, etc.7 (seven) – = 7 (two perfect numbers)12 (twelve) – 3 X 4 = 12 (two perfect numbers)13 (thirteen) – How many were present at the Last Supper? (Christ and twelve disciples …)