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Ch 18.3 New Nations in Africa AFTER WWII, AFRICAN LEADERS THREW OFF COLONIAL RULE AND CREATED INDEPENDENT COUNTRIES.

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Presentation on theme: "Ch 18.3 New Nations in Africa AFTER WWII, AFRICAN LEADERS THREW OFF COLONIAL RULE AND CREATED INDEPENDENT COUNTRIES."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch 18.3 New Nations in Africa AFTER WWII, AFRICAN LEADERS THREW OFF COLONIAL RULE AND CREATED INDEPENDENT COUNTRIES.

2 Negritude Movement A movement for African independence that started before World War II. French–speaking Africans and West Indians celebrated their heritage of traditional African culture and values.

3 Ghana [former British colony] 1957 Revolutionary Leader: Kwame Nkrumah Nkrumah’s Tactics: ◦Organized boycotts and strikes Reforms: ◦Expensive Health, education, & welfare programs ◦Dreamed of “United States of Africa” Problems he faced: ◦Overthrown by a coup in 1966 ◦Political & Economic Instability since then

4 Kwami Nkrumah

5 President of Ghana President John Dramani MAHAMA

6 Kenya [Former British Colony] 1963 Tactics used by the Mau-Mau: ◦Frighten whites & forced them out of the northern highlands ◦Used guerilla tactics Kenyatta’s Reforms: ◦Tried to unite ethnic & language groups ◦Develop businesses Resulting Problems: ◦Civil Unrest under next leader, Daniel arap Moi

7 MZEE JOMO KENYATTA 1ST PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF KENYA

8 President Uhuru KENYATTA

9 Zaire, 1960 (Democratic Republic of Congo) Former colony of Belgium Gained independence by: Granted suddenly by Belgium Mobutu’s rule was: Brutal & Corrupt. Resulting problems: ◦Depleted resources ◦Extreme Poverty ◦Social Unrest; He was overthrown by Laurent Kabila in Kabila was assassinated in His son, Joseph Kabila, took power.

10 Mobutu Sese Seko

11 Laurent Kabila Joseph Kabila Current

12 Algeria [Former colony of France] 1962 Gained independence by: ◦FLN (Algerian Nat’l Liberation Front) fought against France for their independence. Ben Bella’s Program ◦Attempted to form a socialist state but was overthrown by a coup in 1965 Problems: ◦Unsuccessful attempts to industrialize ◦High Unemployment ◦Rise of Fundamentalist Islamists ◦Continuing civil unrest

13 Ahmed Ben Bella

14 Current President of Algeria Abdelaziz Bouteflika “Elected” in 2004 after all other candidates dropped out.

15 Angola [Former colony of Portugal] 1975 Gained independence by: Fought against Portugal Causes of their civil war: ◦Communist rebel group MPLA declared itself the rightful ruler of independent Angola. They were supported by Cuba & USSR ◦UNITA rebel group fought against MPLA with support from the USA Continuing problems: ◦Civil war continued until 2002.

16 José Eduardo dos Santos President of Angola since l979. His son is Vice President.


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