2George Washington in New York A depiction of George Washington riding into New York on November 25, 1783 to the cheers of a large crowd.
3George and Martha Washington at Presidential Reception Guests bow to President Washington and the First Lady during a reception in 1798.
4Established a federal court system 13 district courts Judiciary Act of 1789Established a federal court system13 district courts3 circuit or appeals courtsHad power toreverse any state law that was considered unconstitutional
5Financial Problems The National Debt was growing. We owed: States debts from the Revolutionary WarDebts from the government under the Articles of ConfederationIndividual American Citizens which held bonds
6The Rise and Fall of Alexander Hamilton Wanted to pay national debt by buying back bonds from the war.Wanted to pay all state debts which occurred during war.Wanted to have a protective tariff on importsWanted to establish a national bank.
7Hamilton’s PlanProposed that the new government pay off the millions of dollars in debtsProposed to pay of state debts from warProposed to pay off all bonds
8Thomas Jefferson opinions about Hamilton’s plan Believed paying war bonds would benefit speculators and not strengthen nation.Against tariffs because benefited the north and hurt the southHe felt a national bank was unconstitutional and gave to much power to the central government. Should stay on the state level!
9BondsPaper notes promising to repay the money in a certain length of time.
10People who risk money in order to make a larger profit SpeculatorPeople who risk money in order to make a larger profit
11Compromise gives us Washington D.C. To appease the Southern states, Hamilton promised that the capital of the USA would be moved to what call Washington, DCThis would be a special district laid out between Maryland and Virginia.The Southern states agreed
12A tax on import to encourage people to buy American products. Protective TariffA tax on import to encourage people to buy American products.Shoes in Italy cost $2 before tariff, but $4 after tariff$2 tax will go towards government debtBenefited the northern manufacturing companies.The southern people felt that it made them suffer for the northern good.
13The fight over the bank Hamilton wanted a national bank Most southern states felt that it would benefit only the wealthyPres. Washington agreed with Hamilton and it was enactedMany felt that the bank was unconstitutionalArgument will continue…..
14Washington’s Farewell 8:2 Early ChallengesWhiskey RebellionStruggle in the WestProblems with EuropeWashington’s Farewell
15Whiskey TaxTax on whiskey makes the cost of whiskey good up and demand goes down.Western farmers felt like it penalized them for the good of the country.Farmers rebelWashington sends out the troops to put down rebelling farmers.Results: The government will put down any social disorder for the good of the country.
16Struggle over the West Native Americans deny any power over them. Spain and France encourage Native Americans to rebel over white settlement in the west.
17White settlers demand western land Native Americans fight back over land in the West.George Washington sends out the troops to end the fighting between Native American and Settlers.American troops defeat Native Americans in the Battle of Fallen Timbers.Native Americans sign a peace treaty.
18French Revolution“Citizens” demand their independence from King Louis the XVIExecuted the King and many French Noblemen.George Washington vows to not get involved in the bloody and violent revolution.
19Britain and France go to war France recruits American ships to capture British warshipsBritain attacks American cargo ships and impresses sailors to fight in war.
20George Washington wants to remain neutral in the European Wars. NeutralityGeorge Washington wants to remain neutral in the European Wars.He felt that European Wars would not benefit AmericansHe issues the Proclamation of Neutrality which prohibited Americans from trading or fighting in the war.
21John JaySupreme Court Chief Justice went to Britain to compromise with Britain over the impressment of sailors, taking of American ships and the British troops in the Western forts.
22Jay’s TreatyGreat Britain to remove troops from Ohio River Valley fortsGreat Britain will pay back the American ships and cargo takenAmerica will pay back old loans prior to the RevolutionAmericans will allow trade with some British Caribbean colonies
23Don’t want to pay back old loans American’s Are AngryDon’t want to pay back old loansDid not solve issue of impressments of sailorsDid not stop Britain from interfering with American trade.
24Opens up the Western frontier for settlement. Pinckney’s TreatyTreaty with Spain that gave Americans the right to use the Mississippi River for trading.Opens up the Western frontier for settlement.
25Washington’s Farewell Precedents: He set a fine example of an excellent PresidentHe warns America to stay away from political parties and foreign affair wars
26France starts attacking ships because angry over Jay’s Treaty XYZ AffairFrance starts attacking ships because angry over Jay’s TreatyAdams wants to avoid war and sends a delegation to make peace with FranceFrance refuses to compromise unless given money and a loan from AmericaAmericans outraged by blackmail
27“Millions for Defense but not one cent for tribute” America prepares war against FranceBuilds up navy and armyCaptured over 90 French shipFrance backs down and makes peace with America
28Alien ActGave the president power to deport, or send aliens out of the country that he felt was dangerous.Naturalization Act: Must live in the country 14 years before applying for citizenship
29Sedition ActIt is a crime to speak or write any criticisms of the government, congress or the President.
30State’s RightsVirginia and Kentucky Resolutions state that any state has the right to judge the constitutionality of a federal law and they could nullify, or legally overturn, a federal law if considered unconstitutional.